Presentation on theme: "Intellectual Development Age 1-3"— Presentation transcript:
1 Intellectual Development Age 1-3 Chapter 12 Intro to TOYBOX
2 Brain Development from 1-3 How does the brain learn?Neurons have fibers (axons & dendrites)Fibers conduct information to/from neuronsWhat is the modern study of the brain called?Neuroscience
3 Brain Development from 1-3 What is intelligence?Ability to understand everyday situationsUse prior experiences for new experiencesCapacity to learnIs intelligence shaped by heredity or environment?Both!
4 Brain Development from 1-3 It is important for young children to have stimulating environment that promotes learning.What does this look like?Lots of interaction with caregiversAppropriate play thingsPlenty of encouragementWhy is the stimulating environment important?It boosts learningAttitudes formed in early years last a lifetime
5 Brain Development from 1-3 There are FOUR main Methods of LearningIncidental LearningAlso called Unplanned learningExample:Push a button on a toy, song playsCause and effect
6 Brain Development from 1-3 Trial-and-Error LearningWhen a child tries several things until one worksExample varies by age12 months – Block Sorter3 Years – Negotiating trades for toysImitationLearning by watching and copying othersExample: playing telephone
7 Brain Development from 1-3 Directed LearningLearning that results from being taughtWho might be the “teachers” of directed learning?parentscaregiversteachersolder siblings
8 Brain Development from 1-3 Concept DevelopmentChildren learn concepts in stagesWhat are concepts?General ideasWords that go along with themYoung children learn to categorize byColorShapesize
9 Brain Development from 1-3 Some ideas are still confusing for youngsters.Example: idea that everything that moves is alive!What are some things that “move” that are not alive?Clouds, toys, cartoon characters, washing machine
10 Brain Development from 1-3 Time concepts can be tricky.When do children understand “before” and “after?”About 2 yearsWhen do they understand “today, tomorrow, yesterday?”usually Kindergarten
11 Brain Development from 1-3 Intellectual activity broken down into 7 areasAttentionMemoryPerceptionReasoningImaginationCreativityCuriosity
12 Brain Development from 1-3 AttentionOur senses are always receiving informationAdults must learn to focus attentionYoung children have a short attention spanWho can focus for longer: toddler or preschooler?Preschooler!
13 Brain Development from 1-3 MemoryShort term memoryEx: Look up a phone numberLong term memoryEx: ExperiencesBabies demonstrate memory for faces and food earlyWhen does long term memory typically begin?Usually about age 3
15 Brain Development from 1-3 PerceptionInformation received through the sensesTalk about what you are doing with kidsExample: This is a blue block. Your shirt is blue too. Lets see if we can build a tower with only blue blocks.It is important to respond to those “why” and “what is this?” questions. Why?If ignored, the child may eventually stop asking.
16 Brain Development from 1-3 ReasoningAt age 1, a child will try all possibilitiesBy age 3, a child will think through choicesChildren learn reasoning by making decisionsChoose between books at bedtimeChoose between two shirts
17 Brain Development from 1-3 ImaginationBecomes apparent at age 2Pretending is a way for kids to have new experiencesWhat can a laundry basket also be?Airplane, city buildingWhat about the closet?Cave, house
18 Imagination can help kids cope with fears Doctor’s kit with teddy bearIt is important to respect a child’s imagination3 year old who makes up a story is NOT lying
19 Brain Development from 1-3 CreativityWhen imagination is used to create something originalExamples: Finger painting, silly songs, daydreamsWhen is creativity most readily developed?Early childhoodCuriosityCauses children to wonder “why” and “how”Try not to be too overprotective and allow your child to have new experiences
20 Encourage Imagination and Creativity Encourage explorationTHINK PAIR SHARE: What are some activities that depend on exploring and imagination? Make a list! DrawingPlaying with clayBuilding thingsDressing upTelling storiesYou start a story, and then ask the child to finish it
21 Encourage Imagination and Creativity Provide multipurpose toysKids need toys that can be used in more than one waySmall wooden blocks: what else can they be?CarsPhonesSandwichesWalls of a castle
22 Encourage Imagination and Creativity It is important to allow for unstructured time with no activities planned. Kids need time to themselves to use their imaginations.Less screen time is better for kidsWhat does “screen time mean?”TV, ipads, phones
23 Encourage Imagination and Creativity Resist the Inner CriticThere is no one “right” way to paint or drawIt is important to…always respond with genuine appreciation and questionsWhy?Helps the child to continue thinking creatively