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Dieting and Body Weight. Overweight The number of overweight people in the US is increasing The number of overweight people in the US is increasing Being.

Presentation on theme: "Dieting and Body Weight. Overweight The number of overweight people in the US is increasing The number of overweight people in the US is increasing Being."— Presentation transcript:

Dieting and Body Weight

Overweight The number of overweight people in the US is increasing The number of overweight people in the US is increasing Being overweight can lead to serious health problems, including heart disease and diabetes Being overweight can lead to serious health problems, including heart disease and diabetes From 1960 until today the number of overweight teens has tripled From 1960 until today the number of overweight teens has tripled

Overweight term used to describe a person who is heavier than the standard for the person’s height term used to describe a person who is heavier than the standard for the person’s height OBSEITY- refers to specifically to Adults who have a BMI of 30 or higher OBSEITY- refers to specifically to Adults who have a BMI of 30 or higher

BMI Body Mass Index Body Mass Index Is a ratio of your weight to your height Is a ratio of your weight to your height BMI = (weight in lbs/{height in inches}2) x 703 BMI = (weight in lbs/{height in inches}2) x 703 1. Multiply your height ( in inches) by your height in inches

BMI 2. Divide your weight ( in pounds) by the number from step 1 3.Multiple the number from step 2 by 703 http://kidshealth.org/parent/growth/growth/b mi_charts.html http://kidshealth.org/parent/growth/growth/b mi_charts.html

Underweight Term used to describe a person who is lighter than the standard for the person’s height Term used to describe a person who is lighter than the standard for the person’s height Some teens are very thin because they are still growing Some teens are very thin because they are still growing Eventually their growth rates will slow and they will begin to put on weight Eventually their growth rates will slow and they will begin to put on weight

Underweight Being underweight is linked to health problems such as anemia, heart irregularities, and trouble regulating body temperature Being underweight is linked to health problems such as anemia, heart irregularities, and trouble regulating body temperature

Weight Management Sensible weight management involves avoiding dangerous diet plans, choosing nutritionally balanced meals and snacks, and getting regular exercise Sensible weight management involves avoiding dangerous diet plans, choosing nutritionally balanced meals and snacks, and getting regular exercise

Diet Plans Most people want to lose or gain weight quickly and often rely on strategies that promote quick results but don’t last long Most people want to lose or gain weight quickly and often rely on strategies that promote quick results but don’t last long FAD DIETS are popular diets that may help a person lose or gain weight without proper regard for nutrition and other health issues FAD DIETS are popular diets that may help a person lose or gain weight without proper regard for nutrition and other health issues What are some examples of fad diets? What are some examples of fad diets?

High Protein Low Carb People often eat high fat proteins People often eat high fat proteins Carbs are a great source of energy for the body Carbs are a great source of energy for the body Once the individual eats carbs again, weight gain is rapid Once the individual eats carbs again, weight gain is rapid

Diet Pills Are supposed to suppress appetite but are not effective Are supposed to suppress appetite but are not effective Can be habit forming Can be habit forming Expensive Expensive Rapid weight gain when no longer taking pills Rapid weight gain when no longer taking pills Side effects: jittery, sweating, rapid heart beat Side effects: jittery, sweating, rapid heart beat

Fasting Fasting for more than a brief period of time can lead to health problem Fasting for more than a brief period of time can lead to health problem Long term fasting will stunt growth Long term fasting will stunt growth Body begins to break down muscle and store fat Body begins to break down muscle and store fat

Sensible Weight Loss You must recognize your eating patterns before you change them! You must recognize your eating patterns before you change them! Record your foods, you may discover you are eating more than you think! Record your foods, you may discover you are eating more than you think! Identify when you are eating. Is it hunger? Boredom? Stress? Identify when you are eating. Is it hunger? Boredom? Stress? Do NOT try to loose weight too fast! Change your eating habits gradually- sudden drastic changes often means cheating or giving up quickly! Do NOT try to loose weight too fast! Change your eating habits gradually- sudden drastic changes often means cheating or giving up quickly!

Sensible Weight Loss Any weight loss program is much more successful with the addition of exercise Any weight loss program is much more successful with the addition of exercise

Sensible Weight Gain Increase caloric intake while eating a balanced diet Increase caloric intake while eating a balanced diet

Habits to Avoid When Gaining Weight….. Avoiding snacking before meals ( spoil your appetite) Avoiding snacking before meals ( spoil your appetite) When snacking choose nutrient dense foods high in calories When snacking choose nutrient dense foods high in calories Do not increase fat intake than what your person food pyramid recommends Do not increase fat intake than what your person food pyramid recommends Do not skip meals Do not skip meals At meal times, take bigger helpings of food than usual At meal times, take bigger helpings of food than usual Do not neglect exercise Do not neglect exercise

Self Esteem Self esteem is all about how much people value themselves, the pride they feel in themselves, and how worth while they feel Self esteem is all about how much people value themselves, the pride they feel in themselves, and how worth while they feel Self esteem is important because feeling good about yourself affects how you act Self esteem is important because feeling good about yourself affects how you act For many people, self esteem is linked with body image For many people, self esteem is linked with body image

Body Image What is BODY IMAGE???? What is BODY IMAGE???? Body image is how someone feels about his or her physical appearance Body image is how someone feels about his or her physical appearance http://kidshealth.org/teen/your_mind/body_ image/body_image.html http://kidshealth.org/teen/your_mind/body_ image/body_image.html http://kidshealth.org/teen/your_mind/body_ image/body_image.html http://kidshealth.org/teen/your_mind/body_ image/body_image.html Where do you get your body image from? Where do you get your body image from?

Tips for Improving Your Body Image… 1. Identify your body as your own no matter what shape size or color it comes in 1. Identify your body as your own no matter what shape size or color it comes in 2.identofy aspects of your appearance that you can realistically change or cannot change 2.identofy aspects of your appearance that you can realistically change or cannot change 3. If there are things you can and would realistically like to change, be sure to set goals for yourself 3. If there are things you can and would realistically like to change, be sure to set goals for yourself

Tips for Improving Your Body Image 4. Try to build your self esteem by giving yourself daily compliments 4. Try to build your self esteem by giving yourself daily compliments

Body Image and the Media The media glamorizes skinny models that do not represent the average woman The media glamorizes skinny models that do not represent the average woman Today model’s generally weight 23% less than the average woman Today model’s generally weight 23% less than the average woman That’s 35 lbs That’s 35 lbs

Body Image and the Media The average American sees over 3,000 ads through TV billboards and magazines each day The average American sees over 3,000 ads through TV billboards and magazines each day That means teens are seeing the wrong message often That means teens are seeing the wrong message often The average size of a model id 5’10 and 110 lbs The average size of a model id 5’10 and 110 lbs The average women is 5’4 145 lbs The average women is 5’4 145 lbs

Eating Disorders An eating disorder is a mental disorder that reveals itself through abnormal behaviors related to food An eating disorder is a mental disorder that reveals itself through abnormal behaviors related to food Eating disorders are more about food, its about emotions, thoughts and attitude Eating disorders are more about food, its about emotions, thoughts and attitude

Anorexia Nervosa A person with anorexia nervosa doesn’t get eat enough food to main a healthy body weight A person with anorexia nervosa doesn’t get eat enough food to main a healthy body weight The main symptom is extreme weight loss The main symptom is extreme weight loss Other symptoms include slow heart rate breathing rate, dry skin, lowered body temperature and loss of menstrual cycle in females only Other symptoms include slow heart rate breathing rate, dry skin, lowered body temperature and loss of menstrual cycle in females only

Bulimia People who have bulimia go on uncontrolled eating binges followed by purging, or removing, the food from their bodies People who have bulimia go on uncontrolled eating binges followed by purging, or removing, the food from their bodies They purge the food by making themselves vomit or by using laxatives They purge the food by making themselves vomit or by using laxatives

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