Confined Space Safety An overview of the hazards and regulatory requirements associated with confined space work.
Confined Spaces Have the Following Characteristics: Limited means of entrance and exit Not designed for continuous occupancy Adequate size for employees to enter
Some examples of Confined Spaces Manholes Silos Storage Tanks Pipelines
Hazards of confined space work Toxic atmospheres Low oxygen Fires and explosions Chemical exposures
Permits Entry into confined spaces requires a permit The permit must contain specific information and be approved by the site supervisor
Basic Rules of Confined Space Safety Never enter a confined space without the proper authorization Test the atmosphere before entering Assure good ventilation Use proper PPE
If Confined Space Entry is Necessary Make sure that the space is safe Make sure that a proper permit has been prepared and signed Prepare for the worst - have a rescue plan
Over 50% of workers killed in confined spaces are trying to rescue other workers! Prepare in advance Don’t enter the space unless you are trained and have the proper PPE
Remember Always have an attendant on the outside of the space who is in visual or audible contact with the confined space worker If communication is lost, the job is over!
Summary Points Confined spaces are, by nature, hazardous workplaces. Permits are required to assure that the confined space work is conducted safely. A well planned confined space entry will always include a rescue plan. 50% of confined space deaths result from rescue attempts.