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The Basics of... Confined Space 60 deaths in 1992 85 deaths in 1996 60% of deaths come about when someone tries to rescue someone else!

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Presentation on theme: "The Basics of... Confined Space 60 deaths in 1992 85 deaths in 1996 60% of deaths come about when someone tries to rescue someone else!"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Basics of... Confined Space 60 deaths in deaths in % of deaths come about when someone tries to rescue someone else!

2 What is a confined space? 1. It must have limited openings for entry and exit 2. It must have unfavorable natural ventilation which could contain or produce dangerous air contaminants 3. It is not intended for continuous employee occupancy.

3 any space having a limited means of egress, which is subject to the accumulation of toxic or flammable contaminants or has an oxygen deficient atmosphere. Confined or enclosed spaces include, but are not limited to, storage to, storage tanks, process vessels, bins, boilers, ventilation or exhaust ducts, sewers, underground utility vaults, tunnels, pipelines, and open top spaces more than 4 feet deep such as pits, tubs, vaults, and vessels. OSHA Standard

4 Confined Space vs. Permit-Required Confined Space

5 Confined Space 1. A person can fit into it 2. There is limited egress and entry 3. It is not designed for continuous work by workers

6 Permit-Required Confined Space 1.There is a potential for it to accumulate or contain a hazardous atmosphere 2. There is material in it that has the potential for engulfing a worker or any other personnel 3. There is the potential to trap or asphyxiate a worker because of the nature of the space 4. There are other potential safety and health hazards present

7 OSHA Confined Space Standard Appendix A

8 Step-by-step procedures 1.Identify all confined spaces at all facilities. 2.Make sure all employees and personnel know what areas are considered confined spaces and make sure that they are clearly labeled as such by posting the appropriate signs.

9 3. Identify all personnel who will be authorized to enter the confined spaces and train them in all the procedures inherent in confined space work. 4. Make sure that all required Personal Protective Equipment (Tyvek suits, respirators, gloves, etc…) are in stock and available for all authorized personnel when they should need it. 5. Plan for and have available all rescue and retrieval equipment necessary for getting worker(s) out of the confined space (conscious or unconscious) if the need should arise.

10 6. Measure and monitor the air quality inside the confined space before entry and at all times while work is being done inside the confined space using gas monitors. Use ventilation and blowers if necessary to maintain the quality of the air. If the air quality cannot be improved then the confined space should be considered Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health (IDLH) and the appropriate respirator should be used at all time by all workers while in the confined space. 7. Make sure that there is an attendant outside of the confined space at all times in order to provide rescue and retrieval if needed. 8. Make sure that the CONFINED SPACE ENTRY PERMIT (See appendix Two) is properly and completely filled out and signed by the entry supervisor prior to entry by any personnel.

11 9. Establish proper communication procedures so that all workers are in constant contact with the attendant(s) outside the confined space. 10. Identify, implement and monitor all lockout procedures both inside the confined space as well as those outside the confined space that could potentially have an effect on the conditions inside the confined space and/or on the attendant(s) outside the confined space.

12 Confined Space Air Monitoring

13 1. Prior to any worker entering a confined space, the quality of the air must be determined. This is most often done using a confined space air monitor that measures H 2 S, CO, LEL and O 2. Additionally, if there is reason to suspect some other type of gas (ammonia in food processing plants, for example) then steps should be put in place to make sure to monitor for those as well.

14 2. If the air quality is not acceptable, ventilation should be used to circulate the bad air out and to bring in breathable air.

15 3. Once the air quality is within the acceptable range, workers may enter the confined space to do the required work. Continued monitoring of the air quality is required for as long as there is still anyone inside the confined space as air quality can change at any time.

16 Protecting confined spaces openings

17 Ventilating confined Spaces Confined Space Ventilation falls into two categories: 1. Push Ventilation – This is when fresh air is blown (pushed) into a confined space 2. Pull Ventilation – This is when the bad air is sucked out of the confined Space


19 Confined Space Rescue and Retrieval



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