Presentation on theme: "Persuasive Media. Persuasive media includes any text that attempts to sell a product or a service to a consumer. All persuasive media attempts influence."— Presentation transcript:
Persuasive media includes any text that attempts to sell a product or a service to a consumer. All persuasive media attempts influence your decisions as a consumer.
Product the item for sale Consumer people who will buy the product Purpose of Persuasive Media to persuade a audience to buy the product or service
Claim The claim is the core of the argument. The claim is a statement of opinion advertisers are asking consumers to believe. Example : Duct tape is the most ingenious and versatile tool ever invented.
Reasons A reason supports the validity of the claim. Claim : Duct tape is the most ingenious and versatile tool ever invented. Reason 1: It’s vital to national security. Reason 2: It’s a medical miracle. Reason 3: It’s a fashion statement.
Evidence The evidence supports or proves that your reasons are legitimate. Evidence may include facts, statistics, examples, and expert opinions. FACTS STATISTICS EXAMPLES EXPERT OPINIONS
Facts Facts are statements we can prove. Facts do not change.
Opinions Opinions are value judgments based on personal perception. Opinions often change.
PERSUASIVE APPEALS An ethical appeal projects an impression that you are someone worth listening to, an authority on the subject, and someone who is likable and worthy of respect. One can enhance his/her ethos in various ways—i.e. by wearing a lab coat.
An emotional appeal (Pathos) attempts to cause an emotional response in the audience. PERSUASIVE APPEALS
A Logical Appeal (Logos) uses the logic of convincing facts and statistics to persuade the audience. PERSUASIVE APPEALS
Logical Fallacies Logical fallacies are persuasive tricks and traps that advertisers use to persuade the audience. Consumers who see these fallacies when they encounter persuasive media can’t be tricked into buying products.
Ad Hominem An ad hominem argument attacks the person, not the argument itself.
Straw Man The straw man argument attacks an argument different from (and weaker than) the opposition's best argument.
Red Herring A red herring diverts the audience’s attention from the original issue.
The Bandwagon The bandwagon argument asserts that statement is true because valid because of popular support. We call this the “everybody is doing it” fallacy.
The Slippery Slope The slippery slope argument asserts that accepting one position means that you must also accept extreme possibilities.
Tautology (Circular Reasoning) A tautology is an argument in which the restates the initial premise the conclusion. (A=B therefore A=B)
Argument from Authority The argument from authority asserts that something is true simply because someone of authority says it is true.
Ad ignorantiam The ad ignorantium argument asserts that something is true because we don’t know that it isn’t true.
Tu quoque (“You too!”) an attempt to justify wrong action because someone else also does it Logical Fallacy
The Plain Folk The plain folks argument uses everyday people to persuade the audience, someone who can understand and empathize with the average listener's concerns.
Glittering Generalities Glittering generalities are pretty words that mean nothing. They are so closely associated with highly valued concepts and beliefs that they persuade without offering any supporting information or reasons. Logical Fallacy
Loaded Language Loaded language includes words and phases that provoke a strongly positive or negative emotional response in the audience.