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Indiana Geography Chapter 1 Lesson 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Indiana Geography Chapter 1 Lesson 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Indiana Geography Chapter 1 Lesson 1

2 Chapter One--Vocabulary
Geography—is the study of Earth and the way that people live on it. Continent—is one of Earth’s seven great bodies of land (Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South Africa). Landform- is a natural feature of Earth’s surface which changes over time (like Lake Michigan).

3 Vocabulary Continued Glacier—giant sheets of ice that move slowly across land. Moraine—a line of low hills formed by rocks that were pushed up by glaciers. Region—is an area with common features. (landforms, climate, history, languages)

4 Indiana’s Global Address
North America United States Indiana

5 Lakes, Sand Dunes, Caves, Moraines, and Till Plains are land forms found in Indiana.

6 Indiana Lakes Indiana has several lakes. Lake Michigan, which was formed by glaciers during the Ice Age, is the largest lake in Indiana.

7 Sand dunes can be found in the northern part of Indiana.
Indiana Sand Dunes Sand dunes can be found in the northern part of Indiana.

8 Indiana Caves Indiana has several caves in the southern portion of the state including Marengo Cave.

9 Moraines Moraines are found in the northern portion of Indiana.

10 Tills Tills, layers of rock, gravel, clay, and soil left behind by glaciers, made the Indiana soil rich for growing crops.

11 Region: Northern Lakes and Moraines
Lakes and moraines are found in this Indiana region. The steel industry and manufacturing are important to the state economy.

12 Region: Central Till Plains
Large rivers are found in this region. Terre Haute lies in the Central Till Plains region. This region is known for its rich soil and farming is plentiful.

13 Region: Southern Lowlands
This region has many forests, caves, rivers and underground rivers. This region is rich with minerals and coal mining is a source of much employment in this region.

14 Indiana Climate Chapter 1 Lesson 2

15 Chapter Two--Vocabulary
Climate—pattern of weather in a certain place over many years. Temperature—measures how hot or cold things are. Lake Effect—a change in weather when large bodies of water are near land. Precipitation—amount of rain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls in an area.

16 Affected by distance from equator 4 Seasons
Indiana Climate Temperature Affected by distance from equator 4 Seasons Cause by tilt of the Earth Precipitation Terre Haute gets 42 inches of rain/year.

17 Indiana Extreme Weather
Tornado Thunderstorm Snowstorm

18 Indiana Resources Chapter 1 Lesson 3

19 Chapter 1 Lesson 3 Vocabulary
Resource—something to help us survive. Environment—surroundings where we live Renewable Resources—resources that can be replaced Mineral—found on Earth and does NOT come from plants or animals 

20 Chapter 1 Lesson 3 Vocabulary
Limestone—soft rock crushed to make roadways and buildings Nonrenewable Resource—limited supply

21 Natural Resources Natural Resources Forests Coal Water Shale Soil

22 Indiana Rivers Wabash River Ohio River
Native Americans called it “Pure White” 475 miles long Important for shipping of goods It the border between Indiana and Illinois 300 miles long Forms Indiana’s southern border

23 Indiana Minerals Minerals Steel Aluminum Limestone Many Metals

24 Indiana Economy Chapter 1 Lesson 4

25 Chapter 1 Lesson 4 Vocabulary
Economy—the way a place uses and produces natural resources, goods, and services. Manufacturing—the making of goods by machinery Agriculture—the business of growing crops and raising animals

26 Chapter 1 Lesson 4 Vocabulary
Productivity—the amount of goods or services made in a period of time Biotechnology—the science of using natural materials like plants and improving them to make products Pharmaceutical—medicine sold in drugstores

27 Indiana Economy Machinery Agriculture Pharmaceuticals Manufacturing

28 Indiana Agriculture Corn Soybeans Livestock Wheat Popcorn

29 Indiana Mining Limestone Coal Petroleum

30 Indiana Culture Chapter 1 Lesson 5

31 Chapter 1 Lesson 5 Vocabulary
Culture—the way of life shared by a group of people, including their language, beliefs, music, food and holiday traditions Ethnic Groups—people whose ancestors are from the same country or area Heritage—the history that a group of people share Immigrants—people who move to a new country to live

32 Chapter 1 Lesson 5 Vocabulary
Urban—a city and its surroundings Great Migration—time when many African Americans moved north to find jobs

33 Indiana Culture Indiana has a diverse population
Many ethnic and cultural groups Immigration—people came from another country Great Migration—African Americans moved north to find jobs Cultural festivals and events

34 Reasons for coming to Indiana
Job Religious Freedom Equality

35 Famous Hoosier Writers
Kurt Vonnegut Booth Tarkington Theodore Dreiser James Whitcomb Riley

36 Famous Hoosier Songwriters
Cole Porter Hoagy Carmichael

37 Famous Hoosier Artists
Janet Scrudder Twyla Tharp

38 Famous Hoosier Athletes
Wilma Rudolph Oscar Robertson Larry Bird

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