Presentation on theme: "Indiana Geography Chapter 1 Lesson 1. Chapter One--Vocabulary Geography—is the study of Earth and the way that people live on it. Continent—is one of."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter One--Vocabulary Geography—is the study of Earth and the way that people live on it. Continent—is one of Earth’s seven great bodies of land (Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South Africa). Landform- is a natural feature of Earth’s surface which changes over time (like Lake Michigan).
Vocabulary Continued Glacier—giant sheets of ice that move slowly across land. Moraine—a line of low hills formed by rocks that were pushed up by glaciers. Region—is an area with common features. (landforms, climate, history, languages)
Indiana’s Global Address North America United States Indiana
Lakes, Sand Dunes, Caves, Moraines, and Till Plains are land forms found in Indiana.
Indiana Lakes Indiana has several lakes. Lake Michigan, which was formed by glaciers during the Ice Age, is the largest lake in Indiana.
Indiana Sand Dunes Sand dunes can be found in the northern part of Indiana.
Indiana Caves Indiana has several caves in the southern portion of the state including Marengo Cave.
Moraines Moraines are found in the northern portion of Indiana.
Tills Tills, layers of rock, gravel, clay, and soil left behind by glaciers, made the Indiana soil rich for growing crops.
Region: Northern Lakes and Moraines Lakes and moraines are found in this Indiana region. The steel industry and manufacturing are important to the state economy.
Region: Central Till Plains Large rivers are found in this region. Terre Haute lies in the Central Till Plains region. This region is known for its rich soil and farming is plentiful.
Region: Southern Lowlands This region has many forests, caves, rivers and underground rivers. This region is rich with minerals and coal mining is a source of much employment in this region.
Chapter Two--Vocabulary Climate—pattern of weather in a certain place over many years. Temperature—measures how hot or cold things are. Lake Effect—a change in weather when large bodies of water are near land. Precipitation—amount of rain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls in an area.
Indiana Climate Temperature Affected by distance from equator 4 Seasons Cause by tilt of the Earth Precipitation Terre Haute gets 42 inches of rain/year.
Chapter 1 Lesson 3 Vocabulary Resource—something to help us survive. Environment—surroundings where we live Renewable Resources—resources that can be replaced Mineral—found on Earth and does NOT come from plants or animals
Chapter 1 Lesson 3 Vocabulary Limestone—soft rock crushed to make roadways and buildings Nonrenewable Resource—limited supply
Natural Resources Forests Coal Water Shale Soil Stone
Indiana Rivers Wabash River – Native Americans called it “Pure White” – 475 miles long – Important for shipping of goods – It the border between Indiana and Illinois Ohio River – 300 miles long – Forms Indiana’s southern border
Indiana Minerals Minerals SteelAluminumLimestone Many Metals
Chapter 1 Lesson 4 Vocabulary Economy—the way a place uses and produces natural resources, goods, and services. Manufacturing—the making of goods by machinery Agriculture—the business of growing crops and raising animals
Chapter 1 Lesson 4 Vocabulary Productivity—the amount of goods or services made in a period of time Biotechnology—the science of using natural materials like plants and improving them to make products Pharmaceutical—medicine sold in drugstores
Chapter 1 Lesson 5 Vocabulary Culture—the way of life shared by a group of people, including their language, beliefs, music, food and holiday traditions Ethnic Groups—people whose ancestors are from the same country or area Heritage—the history that a group of people share Immigrants—people who move to a new country to live
Chapter 1 Lesson 5 Vocabulary Urban—a city and its surroundings Great Migration—time when many African Americans moved north to find jobs
Indiana Culture Indiana has a diverse population Many ethnic and cultural groups Immigration—people came from another country Great Migration—African Americans moved north to find jobs Cultural festivals and events
Reasons for coming to Indiana Job Religious Freedom Equality
Famous Hoosier Writers – Kurt Vonnegut – Booth Tarkington – Theodore Dreiser – James Whitcomb Riley
Famous Hoosier Songwriters – Cole Porter – Hoagy Carmichael
Famous Hoosier Artists – Janet Scrudder – Twyla Tharp
Famous Hoosier Athletes – Wilma Rudolph – Oscar Robertson – Larry Bird