2Chapter One--Vocabulary Geography—is the study of Earth and the way that people live on it.Continent—is one of Earth’s seven great bodies of land (Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South Africa).Landform- is a natural feature of Earth’s surface which changes over time (like Lake Michigan).
3Vocabulary ContinuedGlacier—giant sheets of ice that move slowly across land.Moraine—a line of low hills formed by rocks that were pushed up by glaciers.Region—is an area with common features. (landforms, climate, history, languages)
4Indiana’s Global Address North AmericaUnited StatesIndiana
5Lakes, Sand Dunes, Caves, Moraines, and Till Plains are land forms found in Indiana.
6Indiana LakesIndiana has several lakes. Lake Michigan, which was formed by glaciers during the Ice Age, is the largest lake in Indiana.
7Sand dunes can be found in the northern part of Indiana. Indiana Sand DunesSand dunes can be found in the northern part of Indiana.
8Indiana CavesIndiana has several caves in the southern portion of the state including Marengo Cave.
9MorainesMoraines are found in the northern portion of Indiana.
10TillsTills, layers of rock, gravel, clay, and soil left behind by glaciers, made the Indiana soil rich for growing crops.
11Region: Northern Lakes and Moraines Lakes and moraines are found in this Indiana region.The steel industry and manufacturing are important to the state economy.
12Region: Central Till Plains Large rivers are found in this region. Terre Haute lies in the Central Till Plains region.This region is known for its rich soil and farming is plentiful.
13Region: Southern Lowlands This region has many forests, caves, rivers and underground rivers.This region is rich with minerals and coal mining is a source of much employment in this region.
15Chapter Two--Vocabulary Climate—pattern of weather in a certain place over many years.Temperature—measures how hot or cold things are.Lake Effect—a change in weather when large bodies of water are near land.Precipitation—amount of rain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls in an area.
16Affected by distance from equator 4 Seasons Indiana ClimateTemperatureAffected by distance from equator4 SeasonsCause by tilt of the EarthPrecipitationTerre Haute gets 42 inches of rain/year.
19Chapter 1 Lesson 3 Vocabulary Resource—something to help us survive.Environment—surroundings where we liveRenewable Resources—resources that can be replacedMineral—found on Earth and does NOT come from plants or animals
20Chapter 1 Lesson 3 Vocabulary Limestone—soft rock crushed to make roadways and buildingsNonrenewable Resource—limited supply
21Natural Resources Natural Resources Forests Coal Water Shale Soil Stone
22Indiana Rivers Wabash River Ohio River Native Americans called it “Pure White”475 miles longImportant for shipping of goodsIt the border between Indiana and Illinois300 miles longForms Indiana’s southern border
25Chapter 1 Lesson 4 Vocabulary Economy—the way a place uses and produces natural resources, goods, and services.Manufacturing—the making of goods by machineryAgriculture—the business of growing crops and raising animals
26Chapter 1 Lesson 4 Vocabulary Productivity—the amount of goods or services made in a period of timeBiotechnology—the science of using natural materials like plants and improving them to make productsPharmaceutical—medicine sold in drugstores
31Chapter 1 Lesson 5 Vocabulary Culture—the way of life shared by a group of people, including their language, beliefs, music, food and holiday traditionsEthnic Groups—people whose ancestors are from the same country or areaHeritage—the history that a group of people shareImmigrants—people who move to a new country to live
32Chapter 1 Lesson 5 Vocabulary Urban—a city and its surroundingsGreat Migration—time when many African Americans moved north to find jobs
33Indiana Culture Indiana has a diverse population Many ethnic and cultural groupsImmigration—people came from another countryGreat Migration—African Americans moved north to find jobsCultural festivals and events
34Reasons for coming to Indiana JobReligious FreedomEquality
35Famous Hoosier Writers Kurt VonnegutBooth TarkingtonTheodore DreiserJames Whitcomb Riley