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©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved GHS: The Next Step in the HCS Evolution Greg Whallin Associate District Manager 3E Company
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved
Agenda 1.Overview 2.Status Update 3.Economic Analysis 4.Downstream Market Concerns 5.Operational Readiness 6.Questions
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved GHS Overview Globally harmonized system of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals –A common approach to defining and classifying hazards of chemical substances and mixtures, and conveying information about those hazards on labels and Safety Data Sheets (SDS) –Criteria for hazard classification and hazard communication (Labels and SDSs) are harmonized and standardized. –One system for workers, consumers, transport workers, and emergency responders. –Provides the underlying infrastructure for establishment of national, comprehensive chemical safety programs.
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved GHS Overview Examples where GHS legislation or standards have been passed include: –New Zealand (2001) –Japan (2006) –Korea (2008) –Taiwan (2008) –EU (2008) –Indonesia (2009) –SOLAS (International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea) (2009) –USA (2012) Draft regulations on GHS published: –Malaysia –Philippines
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved Risks and Costs of Non-Compliance Rising as the Regulatory Environment Becomes Increasingly Onerous Major EHS rules and regulations published Authority Control based approach Hazard label regulations Check-list dependent Responsible care & local community relations MSDS/SDS regulations BAT and precautionary principle Green chemistry (EU) ISO and EMAS certifications Quality management End user influence 1970’s 1980’s1990’s Now Next Current and Future Regulatory Drivers EH&S compliance needs are pervasive and persistent across geographies and verticals Globally Harmonized System (GHS) Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Reform Sustainability/Green initiatives Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Governance, Risk and Compliance Total enterprise solution Public reporting Homeland Security Cap & Trade carbon emissions
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved Vast and Complex Regulatory Landscape European Chemicals Agency GHS: Global Harmonization System Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals Health & Safety Commission: UK ChemicalWorkplaceTransportation Environmental Security CriminalLocal
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved United Nations Purple Book …where GHS began in 2003
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved GHS Overview Transition to GHS Format and Content ClassificationReclassify Physical, Health and Environmental standards to new GHS standard LabelingApply new hazard symbols to reclassifications MSDS to SDSMandatory 16-section format with new required data elements and expanded information
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved Current Status October 25, 2011, OSHA sent its final rule on GHS to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). OMB had 90 days to review and finalize with the option to extend (up to 30 days). Late 2011, publication was expected in the CFR in early 2012. January 24, 2012, OMB extended its review period for OSHA’s GHS final rule. On February 21, 2012, OMB completed its review, concluding that OSHA’s revised HCS was “Consistent with Change,” and agreeing with the intent of the rule, but noting it may require some “substantive” revision before promulgation. Final promulgation - March 26th. Full implementation of the OSHA-GHS will be 3 years and one month (from the date of promulgation)
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved Current Status WASHINGTON – Secretary of Labor Hilda L. Solis, joined by Assistant Secretary of Labor for Occupational Safety and Health Dr. David Michaels, will host a press teleconference on March 20 to announce a final rule updating the Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s Hazard Communication Standard. To better protect workers from hazardous chemicals and help American businesses compete in a global economy, OSHA has revised the Hazard Communication Standard so that it is in alignment with the United Nations’ Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals. Other OSHA officials also will participate in the call to answer questions on the updated standard and the globally harmonized system.
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved Current Status US – OSHA Finalizes Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS) On March 20, 2012, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s (OSHA) promulgated its new Hazard Communication Standard (HCS), which adopts the United Nations Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS). The final rule was published in the Federal Register Monday, March 26th http://www.ofr.gov/OFRUpload/OFRData/2012-04826_PI.pdf
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved New Rule Published US – OSHA Publishes Hazard Communication Standard 2012 in the FR On March 26, 2012, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) published its new Hazard Communication Standard (HCS), which adopts the United Nations Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS) in the Federal Register. The final rule became effective on May 25, 2012. http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-03-26/pdf/2012-4826.pdf
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved New Rule Published Effective Dates As of December 1, 2013, employers will be required to train employees on the new label elements and Safety Data Sheet (SDS) format. As of June 1, 2015, chemical manufacturers, importers, distributors and employers will be required to comply with all modified provisions of the final rule, with the exception of distributors, which may ship products labeled by manufacturers under the old system until December 1, 2015. Notable Changes (from the draft version) Classification of pyrophoric gas, simple asphyxiants and combustible dust as physical and health hazards. Will require additional classification criteria and data on labels and the SDS to ensure conformance with HazCom 2012. Pictograms on labels are to be outlined in a red square and set at a point. This is a variation from the UN's GHS, which recommends a black pictogram for domestic distribution. Unused (empty) diamonds NOT permitted
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved GHS update
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved GHS update What does GHS mean for OSHA? Modifying the current Hazcom Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200) 27 States or US territories with OSHA approved plans have 6 months from the publication to adopt comparable versions. Each state plan will remain in effect until the adoption of the final standard is completed Resulting in: More consistent chemical hazard communication data Changed look of MSDS and labels Example is the use of mandatory pictograms Changed classifications
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved Issues of Concern Unclassified Hazards…Questions raised by CSB Chairman Rafael Moure-Eraso The inclusion of an “unclassified hazards” category would substantially improve the ability of the GHS system to provide crucial information to workers and employers about serious hazards that might otherwise not be included in safety data sheets because they do not fit into the current classification categories of the GHS. Over the past eight years, the CSB has conducted five major investigations and one safety study of fatal combustible dust explosions and flash fires. We have found this hazard to be far too common in industry, yet the GHS would be unable to effectively provide information about its presence or prevention without an “unclassified hazards” category. Indeed, both in its own investigations and in many other instances, the CSB found that a large proportion of safety data sheets for combustible dusts did not warn of their explosion hazards.
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved Issues of Concern The addition of Pyrophoric gas, Simple Asphyxiants and Combustible dust to the Physical and Health hazards is very significant as these are not hazards as defined by GHS
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved Pyrophoric gas- “a chemical in a gaseous state that will ignite spontaneously in air at a temperature of 130 degrees F (54.4 degrees C) or below.” - Label (Appendix C.4.30): Danger. Catches fire spontaneously if exposed to air. Simple asphyxiant- “a substance or mixture that displaces oxygen in the ambient atmosphere, and can thus cause oxygen deprivation in those who are exposed, leading to unconsciousness and death.” - Label (Appendix C.4.30): Warning. May displace oxygen and cause rapid suffocation.
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved Combustible dust - No specific definition but refer to OSHA’s guidance Hazard Communication Guidance for Combustible Dusts, OSHA (3371-08-2009), and Combustible Dust National Emphasis Program Directive CPL 03-00-008 –Label elements: Warning. May form combustible dust concentrations in air. –Note: Paragraph (f)(4) may apply to materials shipped in solid form, which create combustible dust when processed
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved Definition of “hazardous chemical” - Any chemical which is classified as a physical hazard or a health hazard, a simple asphyxiant, combustible dust, pyrophoric gas, or hazard not otherwise classified.
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved Based on the 3 rd Revised Edition of GHS Affected 29 CFR Parts 1910, 1915, and 1926 Terminology Changes - GHS definitions for “substance” and “mixture” -Hazard “classification” not “determination” -“Safety data sheets” (SDS) not “material safety data sheets”(MSDS) -GHS language in OSHA regulatory language such as “shall” not “should” -http://www.osha.gov/dsg/hazcom/side-by-side.htmlhttp://www.osha.gov/dsg/hazcom/side-by-side.html
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved (c) Definitions –Physical hazard definitions deleted from paragraph (c), and placed in a new Appendix B on physical hazard classification criteria –Removed and/or Replaced: Combustible liquid, Compressed gas, Explosive, Flammable, Flashpoint, Hazard warning, Identity, Material safety data sheet, Organic peroxide, Oxidizer, Pyrophoric, Unstable (reactive), and Water- reactive
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved (c) Definitions (continued) New definitions: -Hazard category -Hazard not otherwise classified (HNOC) -Hazard statement -Label elements -Pictogram -Precautionary statements -Product identifier -Safety data sheet -Signal word -Substance
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved (c) Definitions (continued) -Label elements: the specified pictogram, hazard statement, signal word and precautionary statement for each hazard class and category -Pictogram: a composition that may include a symbol plus other graphic elements, such as a border, background pattern, or color, that is intended to convey specific information about the hazards of a chemical. Eight pictograms are designated under this standard for application to a hazard category
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved Economic Analysis GHS Authoring Costs: OSHA vs. Industry Analysis OSHA’s Estimated Metrics –$100 million in labor cost to revise 400,000 (OSHA concedes that it may be as high as 800,000) affected MSDS to GHS format –An average time of 5.14 hours to update each document –$47 per hour labor rate –This translates into roughly $250 per MSDS Industry Estimates –Consumer & industrial paints – 7 hours per SDS at cost of $750 minimum –Global chemical mfr – approx 8-20 hours per SDS at cost of $400-1,000 –Paint and coatings formulator – 5 hours at cost of $300-1,000 –Global petrochemical mfr - 6 hours at cost of $375 A Tale of Two Estimates –OSHA: 400K MSDS / 5.14 hours per doc / $250 per MSDS / estimated total cost $100M –Mfgs: >400K MSDS / 9.2 hours per doc / >$600 per MSDS / estimated total cost $250M
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved Implementation Timelines
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved GHS Adoption Responsibilities CategoryManufacturer (upstream) Employer/Workplace (downstream) Hazard Classification Classify hazards to GHS categories Evaluate impact of GHS classification Hazard Communication Update SDS and product labels to GHS standards Ensure updated SDS are available to employees for every product onsite Update secondary container labels Train workers
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved GHS – Upstream Transition Guide 1. Understand Raw Materials - Current list of all products and phys chem data 2. Gather Baseline GHS classification Data 4. Determine Template, Rules, and Phrase for New SDS and Labels 3. Classify Substances & Mixtures 5. Author New SDS and Labels 6. Maintenance Plan
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved Classification: Process Substance or Mixture Determination List raw materials Identify physical and chemical properties Gather special use determination Compile & Prioritize data Accumulate data from various sources Organize dataIdentify data gaps Evaluate Data & Classify Hazards Evaluate data Classify substances based on GHS criteria Classify mixtures based on GHS methods Document & Justify Document decision logic for classification and Data Sources Begin internal and external dialogue
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved Transitioning MSDS to SDS SDS require Section numbers, headings and associated info as defined in Appendix D to §1910.1200 1.Identification 2.Hazard(s) identification 3.Composition/information on ingredients 4.First-aid measures 5.Fire-fighting measures 6.Accidental release measures 7.Handling and storage 8.Exposure controls/personal protection 9.Physical and chemical properties 10.Stability and reactivity 11.Toxicological information 12.Ecological information (non-mandatory) 13.Disposal considerations (non-mandatory) 14.Transport information (non-mandatory 15.Regulatory information (Non-mandatory) 16.Other information, including date of preparation or last revision Section 12-15 will not be enforced by OSHA but “To be consistent with the GHS, an SDS must also include” Section 12-15
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved 1 – Sourcing Updated Supplier SDS 2 – Distributing SDS to Employees 3 – Evaluating SDS Changes 4 – Utilizing New Information 5 – Training (Throughout cycle) GHS – Downstream Transition Cycle
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved GHS classification Impacts Downstream CategoryImpactAction Raw Material Classification Finished goods may become more/less hazardous to manufacturer, store, use, transport, and dispose of. This is the GREAT X-FACTOR that is seldom raised. Reclassified hazards could have significant workplace safety impacts,– especially when hazards increase (e.g. CMR) Evaluation system for identification of less hazardous use chemicals and consumables may need to be developed Regulatory Reporting Hazard re-classifications will impact regulatory reporting responsibilities – A new ‘ carcinogen ’ may create reporting requirements at a state or federal level that did not previously exist. Access to revised regulatory lists will be critical to capture all impacts. Analysis of revised lists with product level ingredients (CAS# and % range) will be of significant value. Waste Disposal Product reclassified as more hazardous Waste holders /generators may need to consider the concentrations of any newly re-classified dangerous substances for use, storage and disposal Purchasing Product classification impacts purchasing decisions as it impacts storage, PPE, disposal, finished goods, and training requirements, amongst others. Ability to analyze alternative, less hazardous products may need to be applied to vendor and product selection s Assess quantity limitations that may drive compliance requirements GHS information can be funneled into the emerging sustainability and green purchasing strategies to help companies buy less toxic and harmful products Training & Awareness GHS classification is very different to current methods used within each country. Stakeholder awareness and training is necessary to educate employees and other downstream users to understand new information, and impacts.
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved Update Labels to GHS GHS Template Product Identifier Pictograms Signal word Precautionary Statements Hazardous Statements Supplemental Information Supplier Identification Current OSHA Template Identity of hazardous chemical Hazard warnings Contact information for manufacturer/importer/responsibl e party.
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved Downstream Concerns GHS Adoption Awareness & Timing: –OSHA’s proposed 3-year adoption period will create a number of downstream challenges with regard to Employee training (December 31, 2013) Document management Data management EH&S systems/process upgrades –Suppliers will not all update SDS at the same time or on time –3E estimates a workload spike at the beginning (early adopters) and end (stragglers) with a handful of organizations missing the deadline
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved Downstream Concerns Cost/Resources: Money, time, and tools –“Do I even know what products I have on site?”…absent an accurate chemical inventory list, it will be difficult to asses GHS impacts –Increased updating effort and tracking volume of inbound SDS –Hazard reclassification challenges Some products that currently do not require an MSDS now, may in the future Increased hazards may result in increased compliance requirements –Hazard reclassification analysis tools Immediate notification of products with revised hazards Electronic integration with revised regulations, at an ingredient level Immediate and accurate regulatory impact analysis at ingredient, product, site inventory levels, with all applicable revised regs –Where/how to store, manage and retrieve GHS documents and data as it arrives
©2012, 3E Company, All Rights Reserved Compliance Strategies Actions: “…..And now what, and with what?” –Outline your compliance framework NOW, predetermining Roles and responsibilities at a corporate, site, field level # of employees to be trained / estimated training hours required # of work sites impacted # of plant managers and safety professionals involved / estimated time requirement # of product MSDS to be revised –Develop a capacity plan to address the transition and all required changes –Conduct a resource assessment –Develop a draft training plan –Analyze required infrastructure revisions and upgrades Expanded data fields GHS symbols/pictograms New label templates for internal containers –Analyze required internal process changes –Evaluate impact of GHS re-classification –Analyze and confirm vendor capabilities to improve compliance
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