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Overview of agencies & Standards

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Presentation on theme: "Overview of agencies & Standards"— Presentation transcript:

1 Overview of agencies & Standards
Approval Agencies Overview of agencies & Standards

2 Indian Approval Agencies

3 B I S BIS: The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), an Autonomous Institution under Ministry of Consumer Affairs, empowered through a legislative Act of the Indian Parliament, known as the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986, operates a product certification scheme, and has granted more than 30,000 licenses to manufacturers covering practically every industrial discipline from Agriculture to Textiles to Electronics. The certification allows the licensees to use the popular ISI Mark, which has become synonymous with Quality products for the Indian and neighboring markets over decades.

4 STQC STQC: Standardization, Testing and Quality Certification (STQC) Directorate is an attached office under the Department of Information Technology, Government of India. STQC provides International level Assurance Services in Quality, Safety and Security. Established in year 1980, STQC started its services in the area of Testing and Calibration based on the need of small and medium sized electronic industry in the country. From a mere Testing, Calibration and Quality Assurance Support to Electronics Hardware Sector, STQC has positioned itself as a prime Assurance Service Provider to both Hardware and Software sectors.

5 W P C Wireless and Planning Commission (WPC): WPC controls the Wireless/ RFID approval in India. It grants Approvals/ Licenses on the basis of EMC compliance. For import and use of wireless devices in India WPC Approval/ License is a mandatory requirement. Local representation becomes compulsory as WPC Approvals/ Licenses are granted in the name of an India Company only.

6 B E E Bureau for Energy Efficiency (BEE): BEE is a statutory body under the ministry of power that controls the energy efficiency schemes of STAR RATINGS on electrical products.

7 BEE The Bureau of Energy Efficiency is an agency of the Government of India, under the Ministry of Power created in March 2002 under the provisions of the nation's 2001 Energy Conservation Act. The agency's function is to develop programs which will increase the conservation and efficient use of energy in India.[1] The government has proposed to make it mandatory for all appliances in India to have ratings by the BEE starting in January 2010.[2] The mission of Bureau of Energy Efficiency is to "institutionalize" energy efficiency services, enable delivery mechanisms in the country and provide leadership to energy efficiency in all sectors of the country. The primary objective would be to reduce energy intensity in the economy

8 T E C Telecom Engineering Centre under Department of Telecommunications imparts TEC Approvals for Telecom Equipment requiring connection to public networks or interface with them. Standards followed are drafted by TEC but are generally adopted International standards. Visit to manufacturer premises is required as a part of approval process. Local Representative of the manufacturer is mandatory.

9 World Wide Agencies

10 National Electric Code - US
2005 National Electrical Code . Already directly adopted in many states, this important NEC ® edition is fully up-to-date with industry practices, new equipment, and advancements in technology. It's the vital link between electrical equipment installation and safe use by consumers.

11 National Electric Code - US
Explanations about NEC intent and practical use. Commentary from Code experts covers every article, from grounding to installation of special equipment. New commentary that brings you up-to-speed on the 2005 NEC's first-time articles and major changes, such as the revised AFCI and GFCI requirements. More than 500 full-color illustrations, wiring diagrams, and equipment photographs. Handbook users say the graphics are especially useful for discussing installation requirements with building owners, subcontractors, and inspectors.

12 National Electric Code - US
Electrical dangers such as shock, electrocution, arc flash, and arc blast will always be present on the job, but proper training and safety strategies can minimize the likelihood of injuries and fatalities. NFPA 70E: Electrical Safety in the Workplace covers the full range of electrical safety issues, from work practices to maintenance, special equipment requirements, and installation. OSHA evaluates compliance with its electrical safety regulations, OSHA 1910 Subpart S and OSHA 1926 Subpart K, using the comprehensive information in NFPA 70E . While OSHA tells you what to do to avoid electrical dangers, this vital Standard tells you how .

13 National Electric Code - US
Satisfy OSHA mandates and avoid penalties. You'll understand the reasoning behind safe work practices and the possible ramifications of noncompliance. Establish an electrically safe work condition. Expert insights and advice help you ensure that critical processes involved in removing hazards are performed properly, such as lockout/tagout procedures that shut off power allowing work without risk of electrocution. Head off accidents with vital knowledge. Commentary explains in a practical sense the many unique definitions, such as limited approach boundary and arc rating, and how each applies to a particular work environment. Protect workers from unsafe exposures by selecting the right PPE. Handbook discussions point out the operating limits for personal protective clothing and equipment under various types of conditions.

14 National Electric Code - US
Creating a safe workplace prevents injuries, reduces service interruptions, protects capital investment, and increases operations uptime. Based on NFPA 70E and OSHA requirements, The Electrical Safety Program Book provides the detailed blueprint you need to develop a program that maximizes electrical safety--and the related benefits it generates.

15 Underwriters Laboratories - US
UL has developed more than 800 Standards for Safety. Our Standards for Safety are essential to helping ensure public safety and confidence, reduce costs, improve quality and market products and services. Millions of products and their components are tested to UL’s rigorous safety standards with the result that consumers live in a safer environment than they would have otherwise.

16 Underwriters Laboratories - US
UL's Standards Department web site, contains information about UL Standards. Information available includes: Current Catalog of Standards, Standards pricing information, Standards bulletins, Scopes of UL Standards, Scopes of all UL Outlines, Harmonization Information, Industry File Review Status, Keyword Product Search for UL Standards and National Electric Code (NEC) changes and proposals to STP

17 Underwriters Laboratories - US
UL 1 Scope 1.1 This International Standard applies to switches (mechanical or electronic) for appliances actuated by hand, by foot or by other human activity, to operate or control electrical appliances and other equipment for household or similar purposes with a RATED VOLTAGE not exceeding 440 V and a RATED CURRENT not exceeding 63 A.These switches are intended to be operated by a person, via an ACTUATING MEMBER or by actuating a SENSING UNIT. The ACTUATING MEMBER or SENSING UNIT can be integral with or arranged separately, either physically or electrically, from the switch and may involve transmission of a signal, for example electrical, optical, acoustic or thermal, between the ACTUATING MEMBER or SENSING UNIT and the switch.Switches which incorporate additional control functions governed by the switch function are within the scope of this standard.This standard also covers the INDIRECT ACTUATION of the switch when the operation of the actuating member or SENSING UNIT is provided by a remote control or a part of an appliance or equipment such as a door.Electronic switches may be combined with mechanical switches giving FULL DISCONNECTION or MICRO-DISCONNECTION.Electronic switches without a mechanical switch in the supply circuit provide only ELECTRONIC DISCONNECTION. Therefore, the circuit on the load side is always considered to be live.For switches used in tropical climates, additional requirements may be necessary.Attention is drawn to the fact that the standards for appliances may contain additional or alternative requirements for switches.Throughout this standard, the word "appliance" means "appliance or equipment".This part of IEC is applicable when testing incorporated switches. When other types of switches for appliances are tested, this part is applicable together with the relevant IEC This part may, however, be applied for other types of switches which are not mentioned in IEC , provided that the electrical safety is not disregarded.

18 Underwriters Laboratories
This new UL Recognized Component Mark,which became effective April 1, 1998, may be used on components certified by UL to both Canadian and U.S. requirements. Although UL had not originally planned to introduce a combined Recognized Component Mark

19 Underwriters Laboratories other standards
Management System Registration Verified Performance Sanitation Environmental & Public Health Gas-Fired Marine Security Signaling Water Quality

20 CE - European Committee
CE Marking is most probably required if you export to the 25 European Union (EU) and 3 European Free Trade Association (EFTA) member states the following 22 groups of products -

21 CE - European Committee
No./Code of Directive Title of Directive 73/23/EECLow voltage 87/404/EEC Simple pressure vessels 88/378/EEC Safety of toys 89/336/EEC Electromagnetic compatibility 89/686/EEC Personal protective equipment 90/384/EEC Non-automatic weighing instruments 90/385/EEC Active implantable medical devices 90/396/EEC Appliances burning gaseous fuels

22 CE - European Committee
93/15/EECExplosives for civil uses 93/42/EEC Medical devices 94/9/EC Equipment and protective systems intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres 94/25/EC Recreational craft 95/16/EC Lifts 96/48/ECInteroperability of the Trans-European high-speed rail system 97/23/EC Pressure equipment 98/37/EC Machinery 98/79/EC In vitro diagnostic medical devices 99/5/EC Radio and telecommunications terminal equipment

23 CE - European Committee
Conformity Assessment Procedures as listed below: Module A: internal production control Module Aa: intervention of a Notified Body Module B: EC type-examination Module C: conformity to type Module D: production quality assurance Module E: product quality assurance Module F: product verification Module G: unit verification Module H: full quality assurance

24 Underwriters Laboratories
The International "emc-Mark" appears on products meeting the electromagnetic compatibility requirements of Europe, the United States, Japan, Australia, or any combination of the four.

25 Other Agencies - World Wide

26 Other Agencies - World Wide

27 International Standards Organization
The ISO 9000 and ISO families are among ISO's most widely known standards ever. ISO 9000 and ISO standards are implemented by some organizations in 154 countries. ISO 9000 has become an international reference for quality management requirements in business-to-business dealings, and ISO is well on the way to achieving as much, if not more, in enabling organizations to meet their environmental challenges.

28 International Standards Organization ISO 9000
The ISO 9000 family is primarily concerned with "quality management". This means what the organization does to fulfil: - the customer's quality requirements, and - applicable regulatory requirements, while aiming to - enhance customer satisfaction, and - achieve continual improvement of its performance in pursuit of these objectives.

29 International Standards Organization ISO 9000
Principle 1 Customer focus Principle 2 Leadership Principle 3 Involvement of people Principle 4 Process approach Principle 5 System approach to management Principle 6 Continual improvement Principle 7 Factual approach to decision making Principle 8 Mutually beneficial supplier relationships

30 International Standards Organization ISO 9000
Principle 1 Customer focus Organizations depend on their customers and therefore should understand current and future customer needs, should meet customer requirements and strive to exceed customer expectations.

31 International Standards Organization ISO 9000
Principle 2 Leadership Leaders establish unity of purpose and direction of the organization. They should create and maintain the internal environment in which people can become fully involved in achieving the organization's objectives.

32 International Standards Organization ISO 9000
Principle 3 Involvement of people People at all levels are the essence of an organization and their full involvement enables their abilities to be used for the organization's benefit.

33 International Standards Organization ISO 9000
Principle 4 Process approach A desired result is achieved more efficiently when activities and related resources are managed as a process.

34 International Standards Organization ISO 9000
Principle 5 System approach to management Identifying, understanding and managing interrelated processes as a system contributes to the organization's effectiveness and efficiency in achieving its objectives.

35 International Standards Organization ISO 9000
Principle 6 Continual improvement Continual improvement of the organization's overall performance should be a permanent objective of the organization.

36 International Standards Organization ISO 9000
Principle 7 Factual approach to decision making Effective decisions are based on the analysis of data and information

37 International Standards Organization ISO 9000
Principle 8 Mutually beneficial supplier relationships An organization and its suppliers are interdependent and a mutually beneficial relationship enhances the ability of both to create value

38 International Standards Organization ISO 14000
The ISO family is primarily concerned with "environmental management". This means what the organization does to: - minimize harmful effects on the environment caused by its activities, and to - achieve continual improvement of its environmental performance.

39 International Standards Organization
The vast majority of ISO standards are highly specific to a particular product, material, or process. However, the standards that have earned the ISO 9000 and ISO families a worldwide reputation are known as "generic management system standards".

40 International Standards Organization
"Generic" means that the same standards can be applied: - to any organization, large or small, whatever its product - including whether its "product" is actually a service, - in any sector of activity, and - whether it is a business enterprise, a public administration, or a government department. "Generic" also signifies that no matter what the organization's scope of activity, if it wants to establish a quality management system or an environmental management system, then such a system has a number of essential features for which the relevant standards of the ISO 9000 or ISO families provide

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