Presentation on theme: "Brussels 23 February 2009 Michaela Seifert EU-OSHA Working Environment Information Unit EBC - “Under Construction II” - Improving health and safety in."— Presentation transcript:
Brussels 23 February 2009 Michaela Seifert EU-OSHA Working Environment Information Unit EBC - “Under Construction II” - Improving health and safety in construction SMEs Construction in figures
Figures - EU 27 Construction Sector More than 13 million persons employed in construction (10,5% of EU-27) Construction output: decrease due to economic crisis Decreases in construction output in 2008 were recorded in Spain (-23.7%) Sweden (-19.6%) Portugal (-6.2%) Bulgaria and France (both -5,2%) Slovenia (- 4,1%) Germany (-3,4 %)
Figures - EU 27 Construction Sector Increases of output: Romania (+16.1%), Slovakia (+10.3%) Poland (+5.0%) UK (+4.9 %) 434 billion Euro value added in construction sector in EU27 in 2004 (8,5% of non-financial business economy’s value added) Characteristics of the sector (% share of the total number of persons employed, EU-27, 2006) oGender: mainly male workers: 92% oFull-time work: 94 % oAge profile: 15-29: 24.6%; 30-49: 53.8%; 50+: 21.6%
Construction - SMEs 2.4 Mio construction companies in 2004 97% SMEs with fewer than 20 employees 93% have fewer than 10 employees Micro and small enterprises (with less than 50 persons employed) generated 65.7 % of EU ’ s value added in 2002
Characteristics - Construction Sector High proportion of self-employed: about 14%, (highest rate in agriculture – 48 %) High turnover: 12 % work only one year or less – (HORECA the highest) Migrant workers: most non-national workers in construction (17%) Long working hours (over 20%) in construction agriculture and HORECA MSDs remain a concern in Europe and in construction oExposure of workers to vibrations in combination with working in awkard postures and carrying out muscular work 4th European Working Conditions Survey
Monotonous tasks more frequent in construction, agriculture, manufacturing and HORECA Training: very low levels in construction, HORECA, agriculture, retail trade and manufacturing Automatic speed of a machine determines pace of work (24%) – manufacturing the highest (41%) Levels of working impacting on health higher than average (agriculture is the highest) Highest level of exposure to physical risk factors: chemical/biological, ergonomic, noise/temperature 4th European Working Conditions Survey Characteristics - Construction Sector
Accidents EU27, 2005 Construction
Accidents EU27, 2005 – Construction and other sectors
Fatal accidents in construction MS
Construction – fatalities – comparative rates by workers CountryFatality rate Sweden1.1 United Kingdom1.7 France3.4 Spain4.7 Portugal8.0 Source: EU Technology Platform
Accidents in Construction EU15, 2005
Agency’s publications for the sector Workplace exposure to vibration in Europe: an expert review Skin diseases and dermal exposure: policy and practice overview Emerging chemical risks to be published next month E-fact 19 - Prevention of vibration risks in the construction sector E-fact 17 - The prevention of work-related neck and upper limb disorders (WRULDs) in construction E-fact 2 - Preventing vehicle accidents in construction E-fact 1 - Musculoskeletal disorders in construction All 2004 campaign related publications on good practice
Healthy Workplaces Good for you. Good for business. A European campaign on Risk Assessment
What is Risk Assessment? RA is the first step to safer and healthier workplaces and the key to reducing work-related accidents and diseases. RA is the process of evaluating the risks to workers´ safety and health from workplace hazards. It is a systematic examination of all aspects of work that considers: ►What could cause injury or harm, ►Whether hazards can be eliminated and, if not, ►What preventive or protective measures need to be in place to control the risks.
How to do Risk Assessment? There are two principles which should always be born in mind when carrying out an RA: ►Structure the assessment to ensure all relevant hazards and risks are addressed ►First, try to eliminate them. If not possible, reduce them. Five-step approach to RA : 1. Identifying hazards and people at risk 2. Evaluating and prioritising risks 3. Deciding on preventive action 4. Taking action 5. Monitoring and reviewing Remember: RA should be done with the employees’ active involvement
Campaign objectives Raise awareness and encourage to do RA Demystify the process ►Not necessarily complicated or bureaucratic ►Not only for specialists Underline that quality counts ►Involvement of everyone in the workplace ►On-going process (not a one-off) Identify and promote good practices
Partnership approach You help us… Get involved in the campaign We give you… Getting recognition for your efforts
Official Campaign Partners (1) 1 st group (announcement on 13 October 2008) ►BusinessEurope ►ETUC (European Trade Union Confederation) ►CEOC – Confederation of Inspection and Certification Organisations ►ESF (European Safety Federation) ►EMF (European Men’s Health Forum – NGO) ►ETPIS (European Technology Platform on Industrial Safety) ►EuroCOP ►Ideal Standard International ►Johnson & Johnson
Official Campaign Partners (2) 2 nd group (announcement on 4 December 2008) ►Air Liquide ►Baxter ►Eli Lilly ►Confédération Européenne des Syndicats Indépendants (CESI) ►European Federation of National Maintenance Societies (EFNMS) ►European Process Safety Centre (EPSC) ►General Electrics (GE) ►European Association of Industrial Minerals Producers (IMA-Europe)
Official Campaign Partners (3) 3rd group (announcement end February 2009) ►CEFIC (European Chemical Industry Council) ►EBC (European Builders Federation) ►ECTA (European Chemical Transport Association) ►EFBWW (European Federation of Building and Woodworkers) ►ENSHPO (European Network of Safety and Health Professional Organisations) ►ETF (European Transport Workers’ Federation) ►ETSA (European textile Service Association) ►EWEA-AEE (European Wind Energy Association & Asociación Empresarial Eólica) ►FIEC (European Construction Industry Federation) ►FOHNEU (Federation of Occupational Health Nurses) ►HAMILTON SUNDSTRAND CORPORATION ►ISHCCO (International Safety and Health Construction Coordinators Organization) ►KRKA
The Agency is now working on… Sectoral video production Interactive risk assessment tool (IRAT)
Video production 1 Objective: ►To produce more audiovisual material on our subjects --- for our website, for use in our events, conferences and presentations and for promotion to the audiovisual press. Sectors to be filmed: ►Construction ►HORECA ►Cleaning Content ►Typical situations were accidents/ill health are caused ►The contractor to identify (with help from the social partners): an accident / ill health victim a suitable filming location and an expert for interview Next steps: ►By end April the first drafts should be ready
Video production 2 Current status: ►The film for the construction sector should focus on construction falls (falling materials, falling from height) and safe roof works. ►Noise and vibration should also be illustrated in the film, while asbestos should be treated in the full length interview with the expert. ►ESN in contact with companies in Germany and in the UK, the British one being probably the best option.
Interactive Risk Assessment tool (IRAT) - Goal To contribute to the “development of simple tools to facilitate RA” (Community Strategy ) To develop and promote with social partners a practical RA tool in order to help companies in general and SMEs in particular to put in place the RA process; To contribute to demystify the RA process; To provide a tool which illustrates, through a stepwise approach, the RA process
IRAT - Target Audience SME(s). This tool could be used mainly for those SMEs wanting to carry out a RA or complete/review their RA; Our intermediaries (social partners, OSH practitioners, ….) Anyone who would like to have a more practical overview on how to carry out a RA (“pedagogic/training” dimension of the tool).
Checklist, overview of topics and progress
A certain question can filter out (hide) subsequent questions...
... or activate subsequent questions; this view shows all questions within the topic
This view shows one question at a time, plus explanation, image, hyperlinks, progress bar
Room for legal references and a box for additional comments in case of special risks
Questions and answers are shown in a report, which also indicates problem areas
Automatic Action plan, includes hazards, actions, sorting on priority, updateable status
Next steps for 2009 “Internationalize” the tool (adapt the TNO tool to support multilingualism) Translate (into English) and adapt the IRAT intended to SMEs Translate the SMEs IRAT into other EU languages (depending on the expression of interest from FOPs or other national organisations) Develop the sectoral IRATs (in close partnership with the social partners from the sector)
Campaign: Next steps for 2009 ►17 MarchEU Partnership meeting + Official campaign partners “Get together” ►27 AprilCZ EU Presidency conference + GPA ceremony ►26/27 Oct.SE EU Presidency conference ►16/17 Nov.Closing event + Exhibition - Day 1: Networking - Day 2: Conference ►5 big PR projects Journalist excursions (GPA winners) Photo competition EU OSH survey OSH film award 3 OSH TV reports (construction, HORECA, cleaning)
And finally to remind ourselves… 205 million employees in Europe 167,000 fatalities attributed to work-related accidents and diseases in EU-27, and within that: ►159,000 fatalities attributed to work-related diseases 74,000 fatalities attributed to hazardous substances at work (asbestos included) ►7,460 fatalities caused by accidents at work The figures in this presentation are taken from our campaign summary:
…why are we doing this? Every 3.5 minutes, somebody in the EU-27 dies from work-related causes. Every 4.5 seconds, a worker in the EU-27 is involved in an accident that forces him/her to stay at home for at least three working days. The number of accidents at work causing three or more days of absence is huge: over 7 million every year.
This all comes at a huge cost… Human cost for workers and their families (real people behind each statistic) Business costs for organisations/companies (sick leave, insurance costs, productivity, turnover, motivation, competitiveness etc.) Cost for society (increasing burden on healthcare systems)
To all campaign partners… Thank you for helping us spread the Risk Assessment message Without you, we cannot do it!
Contact us if you need more info THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION Corporate Promotions Manager Marta Urrutia Project manager, Risk Assessment Lorenzo Munar Manager, Brussels Liaison Office Brenda O‘Brien European Agency for Safety and Health at Work Gran Vía, Bilbao - Spain Tel Fax