2 Risk Assessment – What Is It? A careful examination of what could cause harm to people, so that you can weigh up whether you have taken enough precautions or should do more.• The aim is to make sure that no one gets hurt or becomes ill.It is a legal requirement.
3 What is a Hazard? “Something with the potential to cause harm” Examples: Electricity, Hazardous Substances, Working at Heights, Vehicles.
4 What is Risk? “The likelihood of harm resulting from a hazard” Risk = Severity x ProbabilityRisk can be:High – very likelyMedium – possible, likelyLow – very unlikely
5 Management of Health & Safety at Work Regulations 1999 Legal duty on employers to carry out risk assessments as first steps in ensuring safe and healthy workplaceWritten record (5 or more employees)Identify preventative and protective measuresReview assessments if no longer validRisk assessments must be “Suitable and Sufficient
6 What is “Suitable & Sufficient”? Identify all hazardsIdentify specific regulationsSystematic approachInclude non-routine operationsIdentify who is at riskTake existing control measures into account
7 5 Steps to Risk Assessment 1. Look for and list the hazards2. Decide who might be harmed and how3. Evaluate risks arising from hazards and decide whether existing controls are adequate4. Record the findings5. Review assessment when necessary
8 Step 1: Identify the hazards Walk around the workplace and look afresh at what would cause harmIgnore the trivial and concentrate on significant hazardsAsk your staff what they thinkUse manufacturers instructions or dataRefer to accident/incident records
9 Step 2: Decide who can be harmed Employees are the main group, but don’t forget:Young workers, trainees, new and expectant mothers etc may be at particular riskCleaners, visitors, contractors, maintenance workers etc who may not be in the workplace all the time; andMembers of the public, or people you share a workplace with if there is a chance that they could be hurt by your activities
10 Step 3: Evaluate the risk Consider how likely it is that each hazard could cause you harmEven after all precautions have been taken, some risk usually remainsDecide for each significant hazard whether this remaining risk is high, medium or lowHave you done all the things the law requires you to do?Are there industry standards?
11 Step 3: Evaluate the risk The aim is to make all risks smallIn taking action, the aim is:a) Get rid of the hazard altogetherb) Control the risk so that harm is unlikelyWhen controlling risks, you need to follow the “principles of prevention”
12 Principles of Prevention Try a less risky optionPrevent access to the hazard (e.g. by guarding)Organise work to reduce exposure to the hazardIssue personal protective equipmentProvide welfare facilities (e.g. washing facilities to remove contamination, first aid etc)