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Mervat mousli.  In the first part we’ll talk about two types of conditionals and make sure we understand how to use them and when.  In the second part.

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Presentation on theme: "Mervat mousli.  In the first part we’ll talk about two types of conditionals and make sure we understand how to use them and when.  In the second part."— Presentation transcript:

1 mervat mousli

2  In the first part we’ll talk about two types of conditionals and make sure we understand how to use them and when.  In the second part we’ll see ways of making negative sentences using not necessarily “not”.

3  We may use “if” to show a possibility. Then we are talking about a “future” situation. A: Are you coming to the party tonight? B: If I have time, I will come. Present SimpleWill + 0 Form

4  Whenever you want to talk about future plans that depend on a situation, use type 1 of conditionals. But remember they are most probable to happen. 1. My exams end on January 20 tops. 2. Some friends of mine will go on a picnic on January 22.  If I finish on January 20 th, I will join you guys.

5  In exams, whenever you find present simple with “if”, complete the sentence with “will + 0 form” and vice versa. 1. If I get the money on time, ___________. 2. I will pick Religious Studies if ________.

6 Remember:  Never use “will” in the “if” clause: If I am to choose an extracurricular course, … If I will choose an extracurricular course, … X  Use a comma between the two parts of the sentence when you start with the “if” clause: If I have time, I will come. I will come if I have time.

7  We may use “if” to show a probability. Then we are talking about a “future” situation which may not happen. A: Are you coming to the party tonight? B: If I had time, I would come. Past SimpleWould + 0 Form

8  Whenever you want to talk about future plans that depend on a situation, use type 2 of conditionals. But remember they are less probable to happen. 1. My exams end on January 20 tops. 2. Some friends of mine will go on a picnic on January 19.  If I finished before January 19 th, I would join you on the picnic.

9  In exams, whenever you find past simple with “if”, complete the sentence with “would + 0 form” and vice versa. 1. If I got a new car, ___________. 2. I would bring her a gift if __________.

10 Remember:  Never use “would” in the “if” clause: If I had a car, … If I would have a car, … X  Use a comma between the two parts of the sentence when you start with the “if” clause: If I had time, I would come I would come if I had time.

11  We may use “if” to show an unreal situation. Then we are talking about a “present” situation which is not true. A: Let me see the pictures, come on! B: If I had the laptop, I would show you some. Past Simple Would + 0 Form

12 Remember: Always use “were” with all pronouns and subjects: If I were you, … If I was you, … X More examples: If I were you, I would tell my father about the accident. If the windows were not broken, we would go out. If my mother were here, she would make us a delicious soup.

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14  There are many ways to make a sentence negative. The most popular way is to use “not”: I do not want to go. I am not speaking to you again. I have not seen Joe since Monday.

15  You may use “never” but for things that you do not do ever or have not done ever. I never eat bananas.  This is something you do not do ever! You hate bananas! I have never eaten star fruit.  This is something you have not done ever before! You would like maybe to taste this type of exotic fruit. ** use “never” before the verb in present simple and before the main verb in present perfect.

16  You may use “nobody” and “nothing” to show absence of people/things. Nobody is at home.  This sentence has a negative meaning but it is affirmative! No “not. Nothing was said.  Compare with: Students did not say anything. Students did not speak a word.

17  You may use “no” instead of “not” to show negation without making the sentence negative in structure, only in meaning. I found no students in class 1.  Compare with: I did not find any students.

18 Exercise no.10 is a different story. Check if you know how to do it right from the first time.

19 For any questions, send me s or ask me next time.


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