Presentation on theme: "ANALYZING AN EPIC Elements of an Epic Hero. ODYSSEUS AS A CLASSIC GREEK HERO “Sing to me of the man, Muse, the man of twists and turns driven time and."— Presentation transcript:
Odysseus must be willing to FACE DANGER WITH COURAGE. He does not shrink away from his leadership role in times of great peril. From http://www.bulfinch.org/fables/ships/grkship1.htmlhttp://www.bulfinch.org/fables/ships/grkship1.html
What else? Odysseus is also an ARISTOCRAT. He is ROYAL, a member of the ruling class who seeks to recapture his “rightful” place after his long years away at war. He returns to one last battle of revenge on interlopers…rude, crass suitors of Penelope’s affections and possessions…and reasserts his claim to his palace, a beautiful wife and a loyal son to be his proper heir. From http://www.bulfinch.org/fables/ships/grkship1.htmlhttp://www.bulfinch.org/fables/ships/grkship1.html
A few notes on his SPECIAL STATUS…. Yes, like most classic heroes, Odysseus must prove himself again and again and again, and the perceptions others have of him are of vital importance to his heroic stature, but……….. From http://www.bulfinch.org/fables/ships/grkship1.htmlhttp://www.bulfinch.org/fables/ships/grkship1.html
….unlike heroes such as Beowulf who search out the dragon and the danger…. Odysseus is always willing to find another way around the danger if possible. He doesn’t run, but he is willing to hide… behind disguises, behind well-timed silences, amongst sheep and the suitors.
Like tragic heroes, Odysseus has faults that lead to disaster. Unlike tragic heroes, Odysseus is uses his cunning and guile to escape the ultimate price his crew has to pay for his mistakes. A FLAW
Odysseus has voracious appetites and a mortal’s weakness for comfort. He wastes valuable time on Calypso’s island where he indulges in sex, food and a basically hedonistic lifestyle. Finally, he is long removed from the excitement of activity and glory, and he politely leaves for home. On Cyclops’ island, trapped and in severe danger of being eaten down to the last man, Odysseus thinks of a clever ruse to escape the monster. Upon their escape, his appetite for fame makes him careless and he reveals his name. By doing this, he earns Polyphemus’ curse and Poseidon’s wrath. When his men open the bag of winds and slaughter Helios’ flocks, AND when Helios’ cattle are eaten, sleeping Odysseus is responsible for their fall into temptation.
Let’s review…Odysseus Possesses a cunning wit, used more than his aging physical strength. Defeats his enemies with clever deception rather than meet them head-on. Endures many trials and challenges. Takes the hero’s quest to emerge as a new, wiser and more mature man. Overcomes his weaknesses to complete his journey and reclaim his home and family. Interacts with the gods and receives both their favors and their curses. Becomes a heroic figure, a literary icon and an adventurer’s idol. The End
WORKS CITED http://www.bulfinch.org/fables/ships/gr kship1.html http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/odysse y/themes.html Homer. The Odyssey. Translated by Robert Fagles. New York: Penguin Books,1996