2 ZeusZeus is the supreme god and ruler of Olympus. He is the undisputed master of the universe, and he causes rain, drought, good weather and bad weather. Nobody dares challenge his fearsome thunderbolts. He is somewhat unpredictable. His daughter is Athena.
3 AthenaThe great Athena is the goddess of wisdom and war. Unlike the god of war, Ares, she takes no pleasure from battle, and she prefers intelligence over brute strength. She frequently intervenes on Odysseus’ behalf, often in disguise.
4 PoseidonPoseidon is the brother of Zeus, and he rules over the seas and oceans of the world. The great Poseidon is nearly equal to his brother in power and dignity, and he is feared and worshipped by the Greeks. He is the father of the Cyclops, and seeks revenge on Odysseus for blinding his son.
5 CalypsoCalypso is a goddess nymph. She holds Odysseus captive for 7 years, hoping to marry him, and releases him only at Zeus’ order.
6 CirceCirce is the witch visited by Odysseus and his crew. She turns some of Odysseus’ crew into swine, and then reverses the spell and becomes Odysseus’ lover for a year.
7 AeolusMaster of the winds, he helps Odysseus get within viewing distance of Ithaca but abandons him, concluding that anyone so unlucky must be cursed.
8 HermesHermes is the son of Zeus. He is the fastest of the gods, and he serves as the gods’ messenger. Also, Hermes guides the souls of the dead down to the Underworld and protects traders, merchants and thieves.
9 ApolloApollo is the god of prophesy, music and healing. Like most of his fellow Olympians, Apollo did not hesitate to intervene in human affairs. He helped Paris kill Achilles during the Trojan War.
10 MONSTERS: Polyphemus (a.k.a. Cyclops) One-eyed cannibal giant who traps Odysseus and a scouting party in his cave, and is blinded when they escape.