2What is an Epic?A long narrative poem about a legendary hero who represents the cultural values of a nation.formal and dignified tone.Supernatural elements are frequently present.
3HomerPoetHe was thought to be blind, but describes events as a seeing person.Lived around 1200 B.C.
4HomerWrote The Iliad and The Odyssey - stories about the war between the Trojans and the Greeks.
5The Illiad Story of the last year of the Trojan War War had lasted 10 years.Troy was defeated when Ulysses and his men were able to get inside the walls of Troy concealed within the body of the Trojan horse.
7The OdysseyThe story of the journey of Ulysses and his men trying to get home after the Trojan War.The journey takes 10 yearsAn epic about humans on the journey of life overcoming temptations along the way.
8The OdysseyToday, The Odyssey has been reinterpreted into several different works of film and television.
9ThemesThe Power of guile over StrengthThe Pitfalls of Temptation
11ULYSSESThe main character is called either Ulysses (Latin), Odysseus (Greek), or Ulixes (Roman). Also known as Olysseus, Oulixeus, or Oulixes.Ulysses is the king of Ithaca and the husband of Penelope. When he left to fight the Trojan War, he left Penelope pregnant with his son, Telemachus.Ulysses is well-known for his resourcefulness and guile and is known by his epithet, “Ulysses the Cunning.”
12ULYSSESThe Iliad and The Odyssey are not the only stories that Ulysses is mentioned in!The Romans hated the guy and in Virgil's, Aeneid, the story of the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who traveled to Italy and became the ancestor of the Romans, Ulysses is referred to as “cruel Odysseus” or “deceitful Odysseus.”Although Ulysses’ cunning and deceit were admired by the Greeks, the Romans saw it as dishonorable.
13Penelope Wife of Odysseus and mother of Telemachus. Penelope spends her daysin the palace pining for thehusband who left for Troy twenty years earlier and never returned. Homer portrays her as sometimes flighty and excitable but also clever and steadfastly true to her husband.
14Telemachus (Tell-e-mack-us) Odysseus’s son. He is a natural obstacle to the suitors desperately courting his mother, but despite his courage and good heart, he initially lacks the poise and confidence to oppose them.
15EURYLOCHUS (Your-E-Low-Cuss) Ulysses’ second in command. Cowardly and unpleasant, he frequently undermines Ulysses’ authority and causes trouble.Relative of Ulysses through marriage.
16Antinous The most arrogant of Penelope’s suitors. Antinous leads the campaign to have Telemachus killed.
17EurymachusA manipulative, deceitful suitor. Eurymachus’s charisma and duplicity allow him to exert some influence over the other suitors.
18Eumaeus & Philoetius The loyal shepherd and the cowherd They help Odysseus reclaim his throne after his return to Ithaca.
19Eurycleia The aged and loyal servant who nursed Odysseus and Telemachus when they were babies. Eurycleia is well informed about palace intrigues and serves as confidante to her masters.
20TiresiasA Theban prophet, Tiresias meets Odysseus when Odysseus journeys to the underworld. He shows Odysseus how to get back to Ithaca and allows Odysseus to communicate with the other souls in Hades.
22ZeusAlso known as Jupiter or Jove.Ruler of all the Gods.
23PoseidonGod of the sea. He despises Odysseus and constantly hampers his journey home.
24Athena Daughter of Zeus Goddess of wisdom, purposeful battle, and the womanly arts.Athena assists Odysseus and Telemachus throughout the epic,she speaks up for them in the councils of the gods on Mount Olympus.