Presentation on theme: "Mission & Organization of the USN and USNR"— Presentation transcript:
1Mission & Organization of the USN and USNR Lesson 2
2Learning Objectives The student will know . . . (1) the operational and administrative chains of command within the DON.(2) the missions of the DON(3) The 5 fundamental roles the Navy fulfills in support of the National Security Strategy
3Learning Objectives The student will know . . . (4) the primary and secondary Mission of the Naval Reserve(5) the role of the active forces in the training of the Naval Reserve(6) the importance of channeling personnel serving with or under their leadership into the Naval Reserve should they decide to leave active service.
4The United States NavyWhat is our mission? What are our guiding principles? (What are we about?)Forward From the Sea (1994)Our “Corporate Mission Statement”Naval forces must be sufficient forforward-presence operations in peacetimecredible enough to act as a significant deterrentbe able to fight from the sea in time of war.Combines efforts of the Navy & USMC
5The Department of the Navy Guided by Forward From the Sea, the mission of the DON is toorganize, train, equip, prepare, and maintain readiness of the US Navy & Marine Corps.Support Navy and Marine forces when assigned to unified commands.
6DON Composition Navy Department Operating Forces SECNAVCNO, CMC, (Commandant of USCG)Operating ForcesShips, Aircraft, SubmarinesMarinesDirect-support basesShore establishments not directly involved in supporting the fleet (NROTC, recruiting)
7Secretary of the NavyCivilian head of the Navy (appointed by President)Under Secretary – chief assistantAssistant Secretaries headoffices ofLegislative affairsprogram appraisalresearch & developmentmanpoweretc.
8Chief of Naval Operations Senior military officer in the NavyMember of the JCSPrinciple advisor to SECNAV and PresidentIn command of all administrative & training commands
11Five roles of the US Navy Projection of power from sea to landSea control and maritime supremacyStrategic DeterrenceStrategic SealiftForward Naval Presence
12Projection of power from sea to land ObjectivesDeliver and support troops ashoreSecure land from the enemyDestroy offensive capability of opponentHarassment/Intimidation
13Projection of power from sea to land TacticsAmphibious assaultNaval bombardmentTactical air projectionSSBN deterrent patrol
14Projection of power from sea to land Forces used in power projectionMarinesCarrier air wingsNaval bombardment (used to with BB’s)Cruise missiles (Tomahawk)
15Sea Control and Maritime Supremacy ObjectivesMaintain use of the sea while denying its use to the enemy.Control SLOC’sEnsure industrial supply lines remain openReinforce/resupply military forces overseasProvide wartime economic/military supplies to alliesProvide safety for naval forces projecting power ashore
16Sea Control and Maritime Supremacy TacticsSortie control“Intercept” the enemy in port through blockadeChoke point controlUse geographic choke points to hinder enemyOpen-area operationsseek out and neutralize enemy on the open oceanLocal engagement
17Sea Control and Maritime Supremacy Forces used in sea controlCarrier air wingsSurface combatantsAttack subsMines
18Strategic Deterrence Objectives Deter all-out attack on US or allies To pose the threat of unacceptable losses to a potential aggressorTo maintain a stable international political environment
19Strategic Deterrence Background Navy is responsible for one part of the nuclear triadUS Strategic Command with B-1’s, B-2’sLand-based missiles (MX, Minuteman, Midgetman)Seagoing nuclear-powered, fleet-ballistic missile submarines (SSBNs)With the end of the Cold War, SSBNs are the primary mode of deterrence today.
20Strategic Deterrence Tactics Assured second strike Controlled response Trident missile - 4,000+ mile range. 24 per subSubmarine is a survivable and credible deterrentControlled responseAttack plans can be changed in case of partial attack.CVN, Tomahawk strike capabilityDeter Third-World powersMaintain balance of power
21Strategic Sealift Objective To deliver U.S. (and allied) forces and sustaining supplies to any part of the world whenever needed
22Strategic Sealift Tactics Prepositioning Surge Sustainment Allows U.S. to place fuel, ammunition, etc. near crisis areas for deliverySurgeInitial deployment of U.S.-based equipment and supplies in support of a contingencySustainmentTransport of re-supply cargo to stay abreast of force consumption rates and build up reserves
23Forward Naval Presence ObjectivesTo deter actions not in the interests of the United States or its alliesTo encourage actions that are in the interests of the United States or its allies
33Mission of the US Naval Reserve Primary:To provide trained units and qualified individuals for active duty in time of war or national emergency and at other times required by national securitySecondary:Assist active force in accomplishing its peacetime mission as a by-product of training for mobilization
34Total Force ConceptIncludes all the resources available to perform national defense missions.Budgetary constraints do not allow for an active force capable of handling all contingencies.Reserve training MUST be meaningful and mobilization enhancing.
35Today’s Naval Reserve Made up of 361,908 Officer and Enlisted 73,341 paid Selective Reservists80,541 Individual Ready Reservists20% of Naval Forces!
36Naval Reserve Categories Ready ReserveConsists of:Selected Reserve“One weekend per month, 2 weeks in the summer.”Individual Ready ReserveNot required to trainCan be called up for active duty for up to 90 days
37Naval Reserve Categories Training and Administration of Reserves (TAR)Reservists serving in a full-time active duty status in support of Naval Reserve units
39Naval Reserve Units Commissioned Units Reinforcing Units Composed of ships, squadrons, construction battalionsComplete units delivered to an operating forceReinforcing UnitsAugment regular Navy commissioned unitsSustaining UnitsReinforce fleet and force support activitiesSurge capabilities
40Naval Reserve Administration OrganizationChief of Naval Reserve – Active duty, reports to CNOCommander Naval Reserve Force – Administration and ManagementElementsSurface – 4% of all commissioned shipsAir Reserve – 6% of the Navy’s aircraft inventoryOther Programs: Intel, Shipbuilding, Supply, Medical, Legal
41Naval Reserve Training Consists ofRegularly scheduled drill (weekends)Rate trainingOfficer Professional DevelopmentShipboard Simulators