Presentation on theme: "Mission & Organization of the USN and USNR"— Presentation transcript:
1Mission & Organization of the USN and USNR INTRO TO NAVSCIMission & Organization of the USN and USNR“The Navy of the United States is the right arm of the United States and is emphatically the peacemaker.”– Theodore Roosevelt.
2Learning Objectives The student will know . . . (1) the operational and administrative chains of command within the DON.(2) the missions of the USN and USMC(3) the concept of amphibious warfare(4) the USMC unrestricted and restricted line career paths, opportunities (joint duty)(5) the organization and importance of the Naval Reserve as a component of mobilization readiness.
3Learning Objectives The student will know . . . (6) the role the Naval Reserve plays in the total force concept(7) the role of the active forces in the training of the Naval Reserve(8) the importance of channeling personnel serving with or under their leadership into the Naval Reserve should they decide to leave active service.
4The United States NavyWhat is our mission? What are our guiding principles? (What are we about?)Forward From the Sea (1994)Our “Corporate Mission Statement”Naval forces must be sufficient forforward-presence operations in peacetimecredible enough to act as a significant deterrentbe able to fight from the sea in time of war.Combines efforts of the Navy & USMC
5The Department of the Navy Guided by Forward From the Sea, the mission of the DON is toorganize, train, equip, prepare, and maintain readiness of the US Navy & Marine Corps.Support Navy and Marine forces when assigned to unified commands.
6DON Composition (3 parts) Navy DepartmentSECNAVCNO, CMC, (Commandant of USCG)Operating ForcesShips, Aircraft, SubmarinesMarinesDirect-support basesShore establishments (NROTC, recruiting)
7Secretary of the NavyCivilian head of the Navy (appointed by President)Assistant Secretaries head offices ofLegislative affairsprogram appraisalresearch & developmentmanpoweretc.
8Chief of Naval Operations FUNCTIONS:Senior military officer in the NavyMember of the JCSPrinciple advisor to SECNAV and PresidentIn command of all administrative & training commands
9Your role as a Commissioned Officer Take an oath to uphold and defend the constitution…….The President has “special trust and confidence” in the competence and abilities of officers in the armed forces. You will render yourself fully capable to lead men and women into war in the interest of their country.
11Five roles of the US Navy Projection of power from sea to landSea control and maritime supremacyStrategic DeterrenceStrategic SealiftForward Naval Presence
12Projection of power from sea to land ObjectivesDeliver and support troops ashoreSecure land from the enemyDestroy offensive capability of opponentHarassment/Intimidation
13Projection of power from sea to land TacticsAmphibious assault (WWII, Korea, Grenada)Naval bombardment/Precision missiles (Desert Storm/OIF/OEF)Tactical air projection (Vietnam, Libya, Arabian Gulf)SSBN deterrent patrol
14Projection of power from sea to land Forces used in power projectionMarinesCarrier air wingsNaval bombardment (used to with BB’s)Cruise missiles (Tomahawk)
15Sea Control and Maritime Supremacy ObjectivesMaintain use of the sea while denying its use to the enemy.Control SLOC’s (Sea lines of communication)Ensure industrial supply lines remain openReinforce/resupply military forces overseasProvide wartime economic/military supplies to alliesProvide safety for naval forces projecting power ashore
17Sea Control and Maritime Supremacy TacticsSortie control“Bottle up” the enemy in port through blockadeChoke point controlUse geographic choke points to hinder enemyOpen-area operationsseek out and neutralize enemy on the open oceanLocal engagement
18Sea Control and Maritime Supremacy Forces used in sea controlCarrier air wingsSurface combatantsAttack subsMines
19Strategic Deterrence Objectives Deter all-out attack on US or allies To pose the threat of unacceptable losses to a potential aggressorTo maintain a stable international political environment
20Strategic Deterrence Background Navy is responsible for one part of the nuclear triadUS Strategic Command with B-1’sLand-based missiles (MX, Minuteman, Midgetman)Seagoing nuclear-powered Ohio-class SSBN’sWith the end of the Cold War, SSBN’s are the primary mode of deterrence today.
22Strategic Deterrence Tactics Assured second strike Controlled response Trident missile - 4,000+ mile range. 24 per subSubmarine is a survivable and credible deterrentControlled responseAttack plans can be changed in case of partial attack.CVN, Tomahawk strike capabilityDeter Third-World powersMaintain balance of power
23Strategic Sealift Objective To deliver U.S. (and allied) forces and sustaining supplies to any part of the world whenever needed
24Strategic Sealift Tactics Prepositioning Surge Sustainment Allows U.S. to place fuel, ammunition, etc. near crisis areas for deliverySurgeInitial deployment of U.S.-based equipment and supplies in support of a contingencySustainmentTransport of resupply cargo to stay abreast of force consumption rates and build up reserves
25Forward Naval Presence ObjectivesTo deter actions not in the interests of the United States or its alliesTo encourage actions that are in the interests of the United States or its allies
33Mission of the US Naval Reserve Primary:To provide trained units and qualified individuals for active duty in time of war or national emergency and at other times required by national securitySecondary:Assist active force in accomplishing its peacetime mission as a by-product of training for mobilization
34Total Force ConceptIncludes all the resources available to perform national defense missions.Budgetary constraints do not allow for an active force capable of handling all contingencies.Reserve training MUST be meaningful and mobilization enhancing.
35Today’s Naval Reserve Made up of 198,000 Officer and Enlisted 82,500 paid Selective Reservists116,100 Individual Ready Reservists
36Naval Reserve Categories Ready ReserveConsists of:Selected Reserve“One weekend per month, 2 weeks in the summer.”Individual Ready ReserveNot required to trainCan be called up for active duty for up to six months
37Naval Reserve Categories Training and Administration of Reserves (TAR)Reservists serving in a full-time active duty status in support of Naval Reserve units
39Naval Reserve Units Commissioned Units Reinforcing Units Sustaining Units“There are times when the ideal of success should be replaced by the ideal of service”– Albert Einstein.
40Naval Reserve Training Consists ofRegularly scheduled drill (weekends)Rate trainingOfficer Professional DevelopmentShipboard Simulators
41Possible Test Questions Which document outlines the mission of the US Navy?What is our mission?What are the five roles of the US Navy?What are the objectives of each of these roles?What is the mission of the Naval Reserve?
42Possible Test Questions Describe the Total Force Concept.Name the principal ships involved in a CSG.
43Rev. test questions What act of Congress created the DoD? What are the SECDEF’s responsibilities?Who makes up the JCS?What is a unified command? Specified command?What is the mission of the Army? Air Force? Coast Guard?What are some of the functions of the Army? Air Force? Coast Guard?