2009-10 Volleyball Rules Meeting Presentation Michigan High School Athletic Association Gina Mazzolini, Assistant Director (VB) 1661 Ramblewood Drive East Lansing, MI 48823 517.332.5046 – 517.332.4071-fax www.mhsaa.com
Rules Changes 2009/10 2-1-1: Clarifies the court and the adjacent playable area must be flat, smooth and free of obstructions other than required equipment and padding. Rationale: Clarifies court requirements for playable area.
Rules Changes 2009/10 3-2-1: Beginning in 2010-11, the game ball may be either solid white or a maximum combination of three colors (with each panel being a solid color) and of which at least one-third of the panels shall be solid white. Rationale: Allows for the optional use of the colored- panel ball beginning with the 2010-11 season. The colored-panel ball makes it easier to track for players/spectators and adds excitement to the game.
The volleyball must have an NFHS authenticating mark. REMEMBER … There are so many volleyballs to choose from - It’s like going to the Candy Store.
8-1-09 Gleason slides from NFHS July 2009 Meeting With an authenticating tattoo, even Wilson is ready for some action!
Rules Changes 2009/10 4-1-5: Unadorned bobby pins, no longer than 2 inches, may be worn to control a player's hair. Rationale: Allows players a practical means of dealing with hair control.
Rules Changes 2009/10 5-3-4d: Prior to the deciding set, captains will be called for the coin toss by the R1 and then teams shall be released to their team bench. Note: ESVBOA prefers that the R1 defers the coin toss to the R2 so they need not leave the stand. Rationale: Releasing teams to their bench rather than the end line during the deciding-set coin toss will allow coaches to provide instruction and facilitate players being ready to take the court for the final set.
New Deciding Game Mechanics 1.) R1 Whistles to stop play Signals violation and drops hands before signaling point to opponent. 2.) R1 Whistles and then Signals end of set (#23) and sending teams to their end line.
New Deciding Game Mechanics R2 lets R1 know the score is verified; R1 gives the informal captains signal, who report (near the stand) for the coin toss. 3.) R1, after calling captains, Whistles to release teams to their benches. R1 requests R2 to conduct the coin toss. (one captain from each team)
Based on results of the coin toss, 4.) R1 whistles and signals to release teams to the same bench or rotate sides (# 24); R1 then visually directs the timer to start the clock for the 3 minute interval between sets. R2 helps direct teams and reminds timer to start the clock if they didn’t see the R1 signals.
Rules Changes 2009/10 9-4-5: A legal contact is a touch of the ball by any part of the player's body. (Top of Head to Tips of Toes) Rationale: In today's fast-paced game, allowing legal contact of the ball by any part of the player's body will assist in keeping the ball in play and provide longer and more exciting rallies.
Ball Handling - Legal contact Touch of the ball by player’s body – Ball does not visibly come to rest – Does not involve prolonged contact – The ball should not be caught, thrown or carried. – Players can not change direction of the ball.
BALL HANDLING - CONCLUSION A referee must use good judgment in determining illegal hits. A referee must “see” the illegal hit to be able to blow the whistle Spin, sound, speed, body position, poor technique, should not impact the judgment or the referee when determining illegal handling of the ball Be consistent, do not let fan, players, or coaches reactions influence decisions Avoid the automatic, premature call. Better late than a replay. Officials should look ahead of the ball and see the ball contacted by the hand to make the appropriate call.
LEGAL CONTACT – Legal contact is a touch of the ball by a player ’ s body which does not allow the ball to VISIBLY come to rest or involve prolonged contact. – The greatest controversy during a match arises over the interpretation or judgment of legal and illegal ball handling!
Judging Legal Contact The only valid criterion for judging illegal hits is VISION. Official need to actually observe the illegal contact. “ If you didn ’ t see it, it didn ’ t happen. ” Consistency through out the match is imperative.
Court Influences The following are not criteria to determine illegal handling of the ball: – Spin of the ball – Sound of the contact – Speed of the ball – Body position at contact – Player technique when playing the ball
Outside Influences The following should definitely not impact the officials judgment when determining the legal handling of the ball: – Crowd reaction to the contact – Coaches expectations – Players reaction to the contact
Officials Techniques When judging the legality of the contact the following should be considered: – Look ahead of the ball & see the ball contacted by hands or other body parts. – There should not be prolonged contact. – The ball shall not visibly come to rest. – The ball shall not be caught, thrown or carried.
The Quadrant Technique The body is divided into quadrants (4 sections) using imaginary lines: – One line at the nose backwards – One line at the ears A player may not make contact with the ball in one quadrant and release across the body or behind/in front of the body.
Principles in Judging Ball Handling D id the contact result in: Lifting Pushing Holding Throwing Carrying Rolling 2 nd contact (ex: 1 st contact)
CONCLUSION HINTS Contact with any part of the body is legal. The ball may not visibly rest or have prolonged contact on any body part. Watch pre-match warm-ups. Consistency through out the match in your calls will make you a referee every team respects!
Points of Concern Referee should give the benefit of the doubt to the player if there is any uncertainty about the legality of the hit. Ugly is not illegal. Obvious violations must/need to be called. If there is doubt, play should be continued.
Rules Changes 2009/10 10-2-3: If more than one substitution is to occur, the substitutions shall be made in succession. One pair of players after another and only one substitute shall be in the substitution zone at a time. Rationale: The procedure of recording multiple substitutions becomes easier for the scorer to record. This will speed up the substitution process and assist in maintaining the tempo of play.
Rules Changes 2009/10 12-2-5: Clarifies when an assistant coach may stand and actions the coach may perform. Rationale: Clarifies the role and bench decorum of the assistant coach now that the head coach has the privilege to stand during the match.
Libero The libero may not complete an attack on a ball that is completely above the height of the net anywhere on the court The libero may not use overhead finger action while in front of or on the 10’ line if the next contact by a teammate is a completed attack of the ball while it is completely above the height of the net The libero may not block or attempt to block The coach can designate a different libero for each game noted on lineup sheet
Libero Serving Review If the libero is in the game and the coach wants the libero to serve, the libero must go directly to the service position when replacing the player rotating into the service position
Libero Moves to Serve 121025c18L772L7L2 Double replacement: two non-liberos exchange over the sideline
43 LTS: Libero Cannot Serve in Rotation 1; Replacement Central HS21 18 5c 2 10 12 7 L2 L7 Libero can only serve in rotation 4
Central HS 21 2 5 18 7 12 10 L 2 On libero’s 1 st serve, put a triangle on rotation position. This is the only position in which the libero may serve in this set. Libero Serves – Add Triangle Add Triangle 1 L
46 LTS: A Normal Replacement Central HS21 18 5c 2 10 12 7 L2 L L Replaces 7 7L
Scoresheet: Libero Serves for Point & Loss of Rally 2 5 1818 7 12 On libero’s 1 st serve, put a triangle on rotation position. This is the only position in which the libero may serve in this set. Central HS 21 1 2 3 4 7 56 8 When the libero serves points are enclosed in a triangle in both the individual and running score columns.
Libero Serving Review Know that the libero is not required to serve every time in the rotation The coach can have the starting player, a substitute or the libero serve during the game whenever that position in the serve order moves into the service position
Libero Serving Review The coach does not have to specify that the libero will serve on the lineup sheet The coach still has to indicate the number of the libero for that game on the lineup sheet There can be a different player designated as the libero for each game for the match
Libero Serving What you’ll see in a libero replacement for serve: Umpires and assistant scorers will need to get used to the idea of 2 teammates in the same- color uniform top switching on-off the court behind the attack line This happens because the previous right front will be coming off the court and a teammate will go in to take the place of where the libero would have been
51 Libero Moves to Serve 121025c18L772L7L2 Double replacement: two non-liberos exchange over the sideline
Lib 2 7 7 12 10 2 5 L 18 L Libero Rotates to Serve
Central HS 21 2 5 18 7 12 10 L 2 L 1 2 Replaces L L Replaces 7 Shows Two Replacements
Libero – 1 st Serve of Game You might encounter a libero serving the opening point of the game That is allowed — however, the team still has to follow the libero replacement protocol Libero – 1 st Serve of the Set
Libero – 1 st Serve of Game If the libero is to serve the set's first point, the libero starts on the sideline, in the replacement zone Once the umpire checks the serving order for both teams and rolls the ball to the server, then the libero may replace the right-back for the first serve Libero – 1 st Serve of the Set
Improving Communication: Partner to Partner R2 with Scorekeeper/Libero Tracker R2 with Coach and Bench
Starting the Season Off Right Pre-match Conference Proactive Officiating Techniques Positive Communication
Starting the Season Off Right Pre-match Conference Partner *Pre-match Briefing *Pre-match Briefing - Discussion topics - Eye Communication - Professional - Enjoyable - Departing – Toot & Scoot - Debriefing Coach/Captain *Pre-match Meeting *Pre-match Meeting - Introductions/Floor Capt. - Ground Rules - Jewelry/Uniforms/Legal - Sportsmanship Expectations - “Other” - Warm-up times - Q & A - Coin toss - “Good match”
Starting the Season Off Right Pre-match Conference Discussion topics Discussion topics 1.Ground rules = 1 pt 2.Protocols: checking net/ball, greeting coaches, etc. = 1 pt 3.Signaling antenna faults R2 = 1 pt 4.Signaling touches (rally/end of play) = 1 pt 5.Scorekeeper and Libero Proficiency = 1 pt 6.Line judges and shaggers expectations = 1 pt 7.R2 movement and using discrete signals = 1 pt 8.Ball down, seen by R2, not sure by R1 = 1 pt
Starting the Season Off Right Pre-match Conference Discussion topics Discussion topics 9. Location of host management & trainer = 1 pt 9. Location of host management & trainer = 1 pt 10. BackRow & libero situations = 2 pts 11. Sportsmanship, bench decorum & sanctions = 2 pts 12. Signals: Illegal hit and Resume play = 2 pts 13. Signal: Discrete game/match pt. and four-hit preference or not & body location = 3 pts 14. Ball down, seen by R2, not sure by R1, R2 disagrees with line judge down or in/out call = 3 pts 15. Crew communication – sharing information regarding a play/situation = 3 pts
Starting the Season Off Right Proactive Officiating Techniques “As proactive relates to officiating …a technique, a mechanic, a verbal comment or statement, a non-verbal cue that produces and encourages fairness and demonstrates involvement or participation resulting in a positive outcome (change); that is constructive and of educational benefit for all participants; that shows we care.” * * Ellen Townsend 7/1/08
Officiate without the whistle whenever possible Officiate without the whistle whenever possible Perception and awareness of situations Perception and awareness of situations Ability to recover and re-focus Ability to recover and re-focus Experience, collaborating and training Experience, collaborating and training
Starting the Season Off Right Proactive Officiating Techniques Officiate without the whistle = preventive officiating Officiate without the whistle = preventive officiating - Before the match Scorekeeper & Libero Tracker & Line Judges Play up…Part of crew Quizzing OJT (Benefit ??) - During play - Dead ball and Timeouts - Between games - WHO??
Starting the Season Off Right Proactive Officiating Techniques Perception and awareness Perception and awareness – Know the situation…have recall – Anticipate the question from the coach – Address one “Coach” …the HEAD coach – Use “Book Language” – Be concise ?? ??
Starting the Season Off Right Proactive Officiating Techniques The road to “Recovery” The road to “Recovery” I, _______________, pledge to do the following: 1.To make that call next time… to “Just do it!” 2.To expect a reaction when I DO call it and will be prepared for any consequences. 3.To accept that I can’t take that whistle back. 4.To limit replays in my mind and just let it go. 5.To recognize the mistake and be determined not to repeat it. 6.To zoom in and re-focus and to judge the contact. 7.To own each call.
Starting the Season Off Right Positive Communication Portray the “Positive” Portray the “Positive” – Display positive body language – Give off a positive attitude – Make eye contact with Coach/Captains/Partner/Crew – Be aware of non-verbal cues – Practice good mechanics/proper signals Practice good listening skills Practice good listening skills Be approachable Be approachable Provide accurate information Provide accurate information
Starting the Season Off Right Positive Communication Allow the Coach to be heard WITHOUT delaying the game Allow the Coach to be heard WITHOUT delaying the game Know when to: Know when to: Listen and respond quickly Listen and respond quickly Listen and ignore (file it) Listen and ignore (file it) Listen and engage in a full response (short and concise) Listen and engage in a full response (short and concise) Listen and penalize (yellow-red-eject) Listen and penalize (yellow-red-eject) Know the really tough part is … Know the really tough part is … …Trying to do all of this while quite possibly being “cross-examined”, criticized, berated, yelled at…..booed by fans...!!
Starting the Season Off Right Wrap-up Suggestions for Success – Gain experience through hands-on practice and training Rules clinics and Association meetings Rules clinics and Association meetings Scrimmages and pre-season tournaments Scrimmages and pre-season tournaments Debriefings Debriefings – Invite experienced officials to share their techniques and scenarios Apply the techniques by recreating the “scene of the crime” Apply the techniques by recreating the “scene of the crime” Use email, Web sites, magazines and other sport scenarios Use email, Web sites, magazines and other sport scenarios Create your own “scenes” for use in training Create your own “scenes” for use in training
Starting the Season Off Right Wrap-up Officiate without the whistle whenever possible. Officiate without the whistle whenever possible. Get ready for the season early…like NOW! Get ready for the season early…like NOW! Key ingredients of an effective official are great communication skill and sense of humor. Key ingredients of an effective official are great communication skill and sense of humor. Knowledge is power, absorb the “Rules” like a sponge Knowledge is power, absorb the “Rules” like a sponge Be a diplomat – a mediator or facilitator. Be a diplomat – a mediator or facilitator. HAVE FUN OUT THERE! HAVE FUN OUT THERE! Thank you!! Thank you!!
Starting the Season Off Right R1 and R2 communication with Line Judges, Scorer, and Libero Tracker R1 review LJ duties in the hallway or adjacent area R1 review LJ duties in the hallway or adjacent area R2 review duties with scorekeeper R2 review duties with scorekeeper R2 Back up to score table, be aware of other bench R2 Back up to score table, be aware of other bench R2 Ask for verbal response when subs enter R2 Ask for verbal response when subs enter – “yes”, “I got it”, “okay”, or “ready” R2 Don’t take eyes off of the action on the court R2 Don’t take eyes off of the action on the court R2 Pro-active with libero replacements R2 Pro-active with libero replacements
Starting the Season Off Right R1 and R2 communication with Line Judges, Scorer, and Libero Tracker R2 Pro-active with libero replacements R2 Pro-active with libero replacements – Back up to table and verbalize: “libero serving on the right”or – “Libero replacement on the left” and ask for verbal verification! R2 Pro-active during time-outs: Check: Clock? Is it started! R2 Pro-active during time-outs: Check: Clock? Is it started! Does scorer agree with what is on the board? Does scorer agree with what is on the board? Number of time outs and communicate same with R1 and coach if final time out Number of Subs used by both teams Number of the next server Numbers of front row/back row if alignment issues
Starting the Season Off Right R1 and R2 communication with Line Judges, Scorer, and Libero Tracker R1 Pro-active with libero replacements R1 Pro-active with libero replacements – Note patterns to help R1 R1 Pro-active with Line Judges R1 Pro-active with Line Judges – Eye contact – Positive reinforcement – smile, thumbs-up, acknowledgement of attention – Verbal reinforcement during time-outs – good call and judgment – Help with players not on court (Not flagged under NFHS Rules) – Feedback on unruly fans – Feedback on coaches negative comments – Use to send discrete message to partner
Starting the Season Off Right R1 and R2 communication with Head Coach, Assistant Coaches, Captains R1 and R2 Pro-active with captains R1 and R2 Pro-active with captains – Match protocol issues – Player behavior issues – Clarifying specific play situations for players and coaches R1 and R2 Pro-active with Coaches R1 and R2 Pro-active with Coaches – Eye contact (if possible) – Reselling calls – Verbal reinforcement during time-outs – number of time outs used, number of substitutions used, clarifying rules or specific play situation – Help with unruly fans or to alert site supervisor (if available) – Directly answering questions (if action of set allows)
Starting the Season Off Right Scenarios and R2 Responses The head coach keeps wandering into the substitution zone. What do you do? Say?
Starting the Season Off Right Scenarios and R2 Responses The head coach wanders closer to the side line than the six feet allowed by rule during play. What do you do? Say?
Starting the Season Off Right Scenarios and R2 Responses The assistant coach or co-coach is standing during play at the same time as the head coach is standing. What do you do? Say?
Starting the Season Off Right Scenarios and R2 Responses The assistant coach or coach asks about a ball handling call that your partner just made. How do you respond? Say?
Starting the Season Off Right Scenarios and R2 Responses Other situations? How do you respond?
General Considerations when presented with an “Unusual Situation” 1.Gather information about the situation from all appropriate sources a. Coaches b. Officiating partner and line judges c. Administrator on duty d. Scorer e. Tracker f. Medical staff 2.Safety of the participants is always a priority 3.R1 and R2 should confer privately and agree on a solution once the information has been reviewed 4.Use conflict resolution techniques when necessary 5. R1 should make his/her decision fairly and decisively
SITUATION #1—Crowd Contol During the match, a fight breaks out between two students in the bleachers. No school administrator is present. It is unclear if the students are from the same school or from opposing schools.
SITUATION #2—Libero Tracker The home team does not use the libero and does have a tracker available. The visiting team has only 7 players and wants to use the libero. The visiting team does not have any personnel / parents available to serve as the tracker.
SITUATION #3—Facility Because the facility is being used for a multiple match tournament, the team benches for the matchers are located on the end of the court instead of the sideline. The coaches question the substitution procedure and the coaches right to stand in the replacement zone during play.
SITUATION #4—Facility During play, a bad rain/hail storm causes excessive noise on the metal roof of the gym. The visiting coach complains that the playing conditions are unsafe since the players cannot hear. The visiting team is behind 2 sets to 1.
SITUATION #5—Scoring At the start of the match, #5 on Team S is listed as the first server on the submitted lineup and the scorebook. The R2 verifies that #5 is the proper first server. Following The third loss of service by Team S, #5 moves to the left front position where it is discovered that her uniform number is really #15. There is a #5 sitting on the Team S bench.
SITUATION #6—Facility Upon entering the gymnasium, the contracted officials observe several pieces of equipment (wrestling mats and basketball practice equipment) that is against the wall but a possible danger to volleyball participants. The visiting coach wants the equipment moved into the entry of the gym. The host management states that the fire marshal will not allow exits to be blocked by the equipment.
SITUATION #7—Injury/Disruption of Play During play, a storm knocks out the power in the gym and the gym becomes black. For a few seconds the gym is dark. When the emergency lights come on, it is discovered that a player from Team A is injured. Team B served the ball prior to the blackout. Team A has only six players on the Roster.
Odds and Ins Expand our training for Line Judges Beyond SALT & PEPPER Acronym Line Judging 102 for Officials Brian Smith MBVO LJ article adapt to NFHS Work with schools promoting LJ Training
Odds and Ins Expand our training for Scorekeeping and Libero Tracking Mentor “one at a time” Scrimmages and “Training Tournaments” Have Clinic in association with team scrimmages Promote the sport and recruit volleyball people
Odds and Ins Line Judge “Ready Rest” Position High Tech vs. Low Tech Teaching VB Concepts Using Magnetic Board to teach “libero” and alignment Mechanics Game
Odds and Ins Teaching alignment and libero replacement using active officials with caps and ribbon! Informal Signals being taught? Numbers? Other Non – Technical Techniques? Panel Discussions – With Coaches Unusual situations – How to Handle
Odds and Ins Topic Suggestions Meeting Ideas How else can we improve our volleyball education program?
Thank you Have a great summer – stay cool! Best wishes for the fall season LET ’ S PLAY BALL