UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED Background The Pan-Sahel Initiative (PSI) is a Department of State (DoS) initiative developed in response to the Sahel being identified as the USG’s number two focus in Africa (the “Horn” remains number one) in the War on Terrorism. DoS solicited input on requirements from AMEMB’s on prospective participants Based on those results, and available funding, DoS developed the PSI
UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED MISSION The mission of the PSI is: “To provide enhanced capacity for countries in the Sahel to secure their borders from the threat of infiltration, attack and utilization as basing areas by hostile elements, including but not limited to foreign powers, terrorists groups, local criminal elements and transnational criminal organizations.” Dept of State Congressional Notification on PSI USEUCOM intends to: Train and equip company-sized forces to conduct rapid-reaction operations to stem the flow of illicit arms, goods and people; and to preclude terrorists and terrorist organizations from seeking or establishing sanctuaries in the Sahel.
UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED GOALS / OBJECTIVES End State : PSI participating countries are able to conduct rapid response operations thereby combating the flow of illicit goods, materials, and groups throughout the region. Participating forces will also possess a greater capability to defeat terrorists and terrorist groups in the AOR, by denying sanctuary to these groups or defeating them when discovered. Planning Principles for focus countries: Increase country’s security capability with training spanning from small unit tactics to CT training as determined by assessment and applicable to that country’s particular skill level / capabilities. Training and equipment received through PSI will increase interoperability, mobility, and tactical small unit proficiency Increased future JCETs, MTTs, ‘bi-laterals’, exercises in focus countries.
UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED Pan Sahel Initiative (PSI) Algeria Mali EUCOM EUCOM Focus Countries Focus Countries Niger $6.25 Mil for Counter-Terrorism Mobile Training Teams (MTT) Train & Equip (Vehicles, Communications, Navigation) ($1.05 mil Assessment & Trng, $4.3 mil Equipment, $900k Aircraft Maintenance) Assessments: Mali Nov 4 MTTs FY04 Niger Nov 1 MTT FY04 Chad Dec 1 MTT FY04 Mauritania Dec 1 MTT FY04 Human Rights Vetting HN Units - Feb 03 ACSS Regional CT Seminar (2) - Mar/Oct 03 DOD Team Visit – Feb 03 $6.25 Mil for Counter-Terrorism Mobile Training Teams (MTT) Train & Equip (Vehicles, Communications, Navigation) ($1.05 mil Assessment & Trng, $4.3 mil Equipment, $900k Aircraft Maintenance) Assessments: Mali Nov 4 MTTs FY04 Niger Nov 1 MTT FY04 Chad Dec 1 MTT FY04 Mauritania Dec 1 MTT FY04 Human Rights Vetting HN Units - Feb 03 ACSS Regional CT Seminar (2) - Mar/Oct 03 DOD Team Visit – Feb 03 Terrorist Corridor Terrorist Corridor Mauritania Nigeria.. Chad
UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED Agency Responsibilities in PSI Congress approved $6.25 Million for the Pan-Sahel Initiative to be executed concurrently by three agencies with DoS oversight: EUCOM - $1.05 Million to conduct assessments and training Contractor - $4.3 Million to procure, ship, stage, and train on equipment. DSCA - $900K to support sustainment and training for Mali C-47 and Niger C-130 Programs
UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED Country-by Country Breakdown Mali ($3.5M): 600K Up to four MTT's for rapid response training for company-sized units 1.8M Vehicle support and maint. for approx 50 vehicles and 25K / vehicle 350K Comm equipment and maint for VHF and HF radios 600K Non-lethal equipment and supplies to include GPS, maps, observation gear, flak vests and uniforms 200K Sustainment and training of Mali's C-47 Niger ($1.7M): 150K One MTT for rapid response training for company-sized units 600K Vehicle support and maint. for approx 24 vehicles and spares 100K Comm equipment and maint for VHF and HF radios 150K Non-lethal equipment and supplies to include GPS, maps, observation gear, flak vests and uniforms 700K C-130 spares and technical assistance
UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED Country-by Country Breakdown (cont.) Mauritania ($500K): 150K One MTT for rapid response training for company-sized units 250K Vehicle support and maint. for approx 24 vehicles and 25K / vehicle 50K Comm equipment and maint for VHF and HF radios 50K Non-lethal equipment and supplies to include GPS, maps, observation gear, flak vests and uniforms Chad ($500K): 150K One MTT for rapid response training for company-sized units 250K Vehicle support and maint. for approx 24 vehicles and 25K / vehicle 50K Comm equipment and maint for VHF and HF radios 50K Non-lethal equipment and supplies to include GPS, maps, observation gear, flak vests and uniforms
UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED BASE PLAN PSI PHASES OF THE OPERATION Phase I - Pre-Deployment Operations - PDSS (21-27 SEP 03) - Mission Prep / Staging(thru 11 JAN 04) Phase II - Enabling Operations - Timbuktu(04-30 NOV 03) Phase III - Deployment (08-20 JAN 04) Phase IV - Employment / PSI POI (23 JAN-31 MAR 04) - IVA: In-Processing(03 Days) - IVB: Basic Rifle Marksmanship(05 Days) - IVC: Common Task Training (CTT)(10 Days) - IVD: Patrolling(13 Days) - IVE: Mobility(07 Days) - IVF: PLT STX / Graduation(07 Days) Phase V - Recovery (01-02 APR 04) Phase VI - Re-deployment (03-08 APR 04)
UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED PH IV A – Unit In-Processing (03 Days) In-Processing: Verify unit task organization Insure unit roster matches DOS Human Rights Vetting List Inspect trainees issue equipment Final preparations for training Inspect unit training areas Law of Land Warfare Training
UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED PH IV B – Basic Rifle Marksmanship (05 Days) Basic Rifle Marksmanship (BRM) for the AK-47 : Zero AK-47 rifle Maintenance of the AK-47 rifle Load, fire, reduce stoppage Range fire / qualification
UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED PH IV C – Common Task Training (10 Days) First aid: Performing First Aid for a Bleeding Extremity Clear an object from a Casualty’s throat Evaluate a casualty for Illness or Injury Care and Treatment for a Burn Casualty Care and Treatment for Heat-related Injuries Mouth-to-Mouth Resuscitation Care and Treatment for an Open Abdominal Wound Care and Treatment for an Open Chest Wound Care and Treatment for an Open Head Wound Prevent and Control Shock Perform Individual Preventive Medicine Countermeasures Care and Treatment for a Suspected Fracture Transport a Casualty using Appropriate Methods
UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED PH IV C – Common Task Training (10 Days) Navigation: Mounted Navigation for Vehicle Patrols Land Navigation (Dismounted) Communications: Perform Voice Communications
UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED PH IV D – Patrolling (13 Days) Platoon tasks: Platoon Combat Drills for Movement to Contact Platoon Combat Drills for Reacting to an Ambush Platoon Combat Drills for Reacting to Contact Platoon Combat Drills for Reacting to Fire Mounted / Dismounted Patrolling and Orders: Planning with the Eight Troop Leading Procedures Give an Order and Communicate a Plan Give an Order and Communicate a Plan 2 Patrolling / Conduct Patrols Patrolling / Conduct Patrols 2 Reconnoiter an Area
UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED PH IV E – Mobility (07 Days) Mobility: Conduct Mounted Operations over Varied Distances / Terrain Dismounted Assault (Conducting a Raid) Establish a Roadblock / Checkpoint (Blocking Positions) Conduct Fire & Movement Against a Hasty Defensive Position Conduct Hasty Ambush against an Unsuspecting Enemy Unit Disengage (Dismounted) from Defensive Positions Procedures for Mounting Vehicles Recovering a Wheeled Vehicle Establish Hasty Fighting Positions for an Indefinite Period Hasty Dismount Procedures for Mounted Operations Identify, Bypass or Breach a Minefield
UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED FACTS The initiative supports OSD’s regional goal of promoting combined approaches in the war against terrorism by enhancing regional counter- terrorism capabilities. Nigeria, Niger, Chad, and Algeria signed an agreement in early July on cooperation and joint operations for counter-terrorism and law enforcement Mali and Algeria have agreed in principle to coordinate their CT efforts along their shared borders Mali and Niger have agreed to conduct joint border patrols Mali is working with Mauritania at the tactical level to counter terrorism along their borders This cooperative effort will be long term in duration depending on annual funding