2Started out performing with “The Lord Chamberlain’s Men” BackgroundLivedwrote 37 playsRomeo and JulietJulius CaesarHamletOthelloKing LearMacbethabout 154 sonnetsStarted out performing with “The Lord Chamberlain’s Men”Guess which one is the movie version!?!?
3Background Information Born Stratford-on-AvonWell-to-do, affluent while aliveMost quoted, other than the Bible
4Comedies: light and amusing, usually with a happy ending Tragedies: serious dramas with disastrous endingsHistories: involve events or persons from historyTypes of Plays
5The Globe Many playwrights with nowhere to “play” Barn turned into theatreOriginal Globe was 3 stories and held about 3000 people.Although most of Shakespeare’s plays were held there, he only owned 12% of the theatre.The Globe
6The Globe All classes of people attended plays there. No roof so that they had sunlight.Thus, plays had to be during the day.People often skipped work to go.Was not allowed to be built in the city of London because crowds often became rowdy.
9The Elements of the Theatre and Plays Costumes were often the company’s most valuable assetCostumes were made by the company, bought in London, or donated by courtiersThe Elements of the Theatre and PlaysCostumes
10It would have been indecent for a woman to appear on stage Acting Only men were permitted to performBoys or effeminate men were used to play the womenIt would have been indecent for a woman to appear on stageActingThe Double Switch! Girl is Boy and Boy is Girl!
11Wealthy people got to sit on benches SpectatorsWealthy people got to sit on benchesGroundlings, poor people, had to stand and watch from the courtyardWomen not allowed (had to dress up as men to attend)Threw rotten vegetables at bad performanceThere was much more audience participation than todayWill Ferrell is the most famous alumnus of the comedy improvisational group called “The Groundling” based in Los Angeles
12London During Elizabethan Era Poor Sewer SystemBathing considered dangerousBody odor strongLondon During Elizabethan EraPersonal hygiene/healthQueen Elizabeth
13London During Elizabethan Era DiseasesChildhood diseasesChildren often died before 5 yearsSmall PoxBubonic Plague
14London During Elizabethan Era Bear-baitingRacesGamblingMusicDrinking/socializingProstitutionEntertainment
15London During Elizabethan Era ClothingOne set used all year long, rarely washedUnderclothing slept in, infrequently changedClothes handed down from rich to poor
17Foreshadowingis the use of hints or clues to suggest what will happen later in literature.Friar Lawrence warns Romeo that his romance with Juliet is rash and hurried.His warnings are an example of Foreshadowing.
18Imageryis language that evokes one or all of the five senses: seeing, hearing, tasting, smelling, touching.Queen Mab is described in great detail—she’ll visit you while you dream!
19IronyDramatic Ironyis when an audience perceives something that a character in the literature does not know.For example, the audience knows that Juliet took a sleeping potion and isn't really dead. Romeo's suicide affects the audience even more because of this knowledge.
20is when an author says one thing and means something else. IronyVerbal Ironyis when an author says one thing and means something else."Two households, both alike in dignity.” When you first read this, you may think that the two families are pretty dignified or honorable. As the play goes on, however, you realize that each family is violently competitive. They are similarly undignified.
21is a discrepancy between the expected result and actual results. Situational Ironyis a discrepancy between the expected result and actual results.Shakespeare's play, the young lovers do end up spending eternity together, but not in the way the audience had hoped.
23A dramatic or literary form of discourse in which a character talks to himself or herself or reveals his or her thoughts without addressing a listener.SoliloquyJuliet speaks to the audience about her love of Romeo from outside of her balcony ; she doesn’t know that he is listening in!
24AsideA piece of dialogue intended for the audience and supposedly not heard by the other actors on stage.Romeo listens in on Juliet while she talks on the balcony and talks to the audience (or himself) about whether he should reveal himself to her or continue to eavesdrop!
25Stage Actionthe stage direction is entered into the dialogue.
26Rapper’s Delight: hip hop a hippie a hippie To the hip hip
27Sonneta poem, properly expressive of a single, complete thought, idea, or sentiment, of 14 lines, usually in iambic pentameter, with rhymes arranged according to one of certain definite schemes.Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate: Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease hath all too short a date: Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimm'd; And every fair from fair sometime declines, By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd; But thy eternal summer shall not fade Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest; Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade, When in eternal lines to time thou growest: So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.Show me your GRILLE, Shakespeare!!!!!
28is rhymed words at the ends of lines. Rhyme Schemeis rhymed words at the ends of lines.My name is Jay-ZAnd now you can seeHow I rhyme like a bee!Zoom, Zoom, STING!
29is a stanza or poem of four lines, usually with alternate rhymes. Quatrainis a stanza or poem of four lines, usually with alternate rhymes.Tyger! Tyger! burning brightIn the forests of the night,What immortal hand or eyeCould frame thy fearful symmetry?
30is a stanza consisting of two rhyming lines Heroic Coupletis a stanza consisting of two rhyming linesYou wait a couple months then you gon' see You'll never find nobody better than me
31is a line of poetry that doesn’t rhyme. Blank Verseis a line of poetry that doesn’t rhyme.How could you be so Dr. Evil, you bringin' out a side of me that I dont know... I decided we weren't gon' speak
32is the repetition of initial sounds in neighboring words. AlliterationAssonanceConsonanceis the repetition of initial sounds in neighboring words.is the repetition of vowel sounds but not consonant sounds.is the repetition of consonant sounds, but not vowels.I said a hip hop a hippie a hippie To the hip hip hop, a you don't stop The rockin' till the bang man woogie say up jumped the boogie to the rhythm of the boogity beat
33Punis the usually humorous use of a word in such a way as to suggest two or more of its meanings or the meaning of another word similar in sound.Yo, Tiger: When drinking, don't drive. Don't even putt !!
34MetaphorSimileis the comparison of two unlike things using the verb "to be" and not using like or as.is the comparison of two unlike things using like or as.All right stop, Collaborate and listen Ice is back with my brand new invention Something grabs a hold of me tightly Flow like a harpoon daily and nightly Will it ever stop? Yo! I don't know Turn off the lights and I'll glow To the extreme I rock a mic like a vandal Light up a stage and watch me jump like a candle.
35is giving human qualities to animals or objects. Personificationis giving human qualities to animals or objects.My bling was a talkin’And was a walkin’My gold was a showin’And they was a known’That my moneys be talkin’
36is putting two contradictory words together. Oxymoronis putting two contradictory words together.She was an open secret;Giving freezer burn to meI was the living dead underneathYo, SHE HURT ME TOO GOOD!!!
37A Love Story for the Ages Romeo and JulietRomeo and JulietA Love Story for the Ages
38A Brief Introduction Romeo and Juliet Written by Shakespeare in 1594 or 1595.The play focuses on the following themes:Love and HateAge and MaturityFateDreams,Omens and forebodings (foreshadowing)
39The Play is a Tragedy:A narrative about serious and important actions that end unhappily.Play ends with the death of main characters
40Establishes the setting Introduces the main characters Explains backgroundIntroduces the characters’ main conflictRomeo and Juliet: Act IExposition
41A Very Brief Plot Summary Act IOverviewAct I – Shakespeare establishes an on-going feud between two families, the Montagues and Capulets.Juliet’s father decides that even though Juliet is only 13 it is time to find her a husband.Romeo (a Montague) and Juliet ( A Capulet) meet and fall in love.
42– –– The Montagues Introspective; upset over being scorned by Rosaline Romeo’s parentsFriend of Romeo; acts as a peacemaker; level-headedThe MontaguesRomeoLord and Lady MontagueBenvolio–––
43The CapuletsJulietLord and Lady CapuletNurseTybaltSampson and GregoryInnocent; her hand in marriage is being sought after by Paris (despite her age only being 13!)Juliet’s parentsJuliet’s attendant; crude and humorouscousin to Juliet; violent and hot-tempered; looking for troubleServants to the Capulets
44Friend of Romeo and relative of the Prince; funny and outgoing; loud MercutioParisPrinceFriar LaurenceFriend of Romeo and relative of the Prince; funny and outgoing; loudHolds rank of Count; seeks Juliet’s hand in marriageUpset over the behavior of the two families; vows that death will be the penalty if his streets continue to be disturbedDoubts whether it is wise for Romeo to seek out Juliet;Helps Romeo in his quest to marry Juliet, because he hopes it will bring the two families together and end the hate
46Two HouseholdsCapuletsJuliet’s HouseMontaguesRomeo’s House
47Both Alike in DignityBoth families are wealthy and important“Dignity,” however, ends up having a double meaning: they are rich, but we learn they lack dignity in many respects
48In fair Verona, where we lay our scene Verona is the setting of the play. It takes place in Verona, Italy
49From Ancient grudge break to new mutiny The Montagues and Capulets have disliked each other many generationsThe source of this dislike is unknownThe two families have had their “grudge” renewed and have been fighting
50Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean Civilians are being killed in the crossfire of the familiesCivilians of Verona are fighting each other
51From the fatal loins of these two foes Both families have children (Romeo and Juliet) who end up falling in love with each otherThe word “fatal” points to the tragic ending of the play
52A pair of star cross’d lovers take their life Both Romeo and Juliet meet a disasterous end: both commit suicide