Presentation on theme: "Prepositional Phrases"— Presentation transcript:
1Prepositional Phrases Mrs. HensonEnglish III AP* Adapted from Sentence Composing for High School Students by Don Killgallon
2Overview Begins with a preposition. Ends with the object of the preposition.Used to describe people, places, and things.Sentences may contain single or consecutive prepositional phrases.
3Common Prepositions In Under With Before Around Toward After Of At IntoForDownAgainstAcrossNearIn case ofInsideThroughIn spite ofOutsideToUnderneathBetweenLikeIn betweenWithinExceptIn front ofBehindOverBesideOnUpByWithout
4Important!!Prepositions serve as either an adjective or adverb in a sentence.Just as with modifiers, prepositional phrases MUST be placed in close proximity to the item being modified.If not placed properly, your sentence will have reference problems and be confusing to your reader!!!
5Models Without Prepositions With Prepositions All children grow up. He groped out and began to sob.All children, except one, grow up.J.M. Barrie, Peter PanHe groped out for me with both of his own arms, like a drowning man, and began to sob against my stomach.Stephen King, “The Mouse on the Mile”
6Placement of Prepositional Phrases Single PhrasesWith a quick, guilty hand, she covered the tear, her shoulders bunching to hide her face.Zenna Henderson, The Believing ChildConsecutive PhrasesIn a hole in the ground, there lived a hobbit.J.R.R. Tolkein, The HobbitSentence OpenersThrough the fence, between the curling flower spaces, I could see them hitting.William Faulkner, The Sound and the Fury
7Placement of Prepositional Phrases Subject-Verb SplitsBearded men, in sad-colored garments and gray, steeple-crowned hats, intermixed with women.Nathaniel Hawthorne, The Scarlet LetterSentence ClosersThe sea is high again today, with a thrilling flush of wind.Lawrence Durrell, Justine
8Unscrambling #1 across the ripples it was morning and the new sun sparkled goldof a gentle seaIt was morning and the new sun sparkled gold across the ripples of a gentle sea. -Richard Bach, Jonathon Livingston Seagull
9Unscrambling #2 the boy felt good in his mouth of ham and biscuit with the flavorWith the flavor of ham and biscuit in his mouth, the boy felt good. -William H. Armstrong, Sounder
10Unscrambling #3 in one of Colin’s books with the ivy behind her she wasand with her nice fresh face smiling across the greenerywith the sunlight through the treesdappling her long blue cloaklike a softly colored illustrationWith the ivy behind her, with the sunlight through the trees dappling her long blue cloak, and with her nice fresh face smiling across the greenery, she was like a softly colored illustration in one of Colin’s books. -Frances Hodgson Burnett, The Secret Garden
11Prepositions Practice Unscramble each set of sentence parts to create 2 different sentences.Write 1 sentence of your own imitating each of the sentences found in the “Other Models” sectionPractice 3Combine each set of sentence parts into 1 sentence which imitates the model.Then write 1 sentence of your own imitating each of the models.