8 What is a Phrase?A group of words without a subject and verb, used as one part of speech.
9 Prepositional PhraseIncludes a preposition, a noun or pronoun (that is called the object of the preposition) and any modifiers.Grammaruntied.com
10 We are in the big house. prep article adjective noun (object of the preposition)house.
11 You can press those leaves under glass. Fred stood beside us You can press those leaves under glass. Fred stood beside us. The books in my green backpack are heavy.
12 Aboard About Above Across After Against Along Common PrepositionsAboard About Above Across After Against AlongAmong Around As At Before Behind Below
13 Beneath Beside Between Beyond By Down During Common PrepositionsBeneath Beside Between Beyond By Down DuringExcept For From In In front of Inside
14 Instead Into Like Near Next to Of Off On Out Out of Over Past Since Common PrepositionsInstead Into Like Near Next to Of OffOn Out Out of Over Past Since
15 Common Prepositions Through Throughout Till To Toward Under Underneath Unlike Until Up Up to Upon With Within Without
16 The Prepositional Phrase as Adjective The phrase usually answers one of the following questions about the word it modifiesWhich one?What kind?How Many?Whose?Grammaruntied.com
17 Prepositional Phrase as Adverb The phrase usually tellsHowWhenWhereUnder what conditionGrammaruntied.com
18 Examples of Prep. Phrases A vase of flowers sat on the table. I ran like a cougar. She was pretty as a picture.
19 Preposition or Adverb?To be a preposition, the word MUST have an object (a noun), which is why you need to include the object in the sentence.Grammaruntied.com
20 Preposition or Adverb?To decide if it is a preposition or adverb, say the word followed by whom or what.
21 Preposition or Adverb?If a noun (or pronoun) answers the question, the word is a preposition.
22 For example…If you want to see the eclipse, you will need to go outside.OUTSIDE tells you WHERE you will need to go, so it is an adverb.Grammaruntied.com
23 FOR EXAMPLE…When the same word is a preposition, the entire prepositional phrase acts as an adverb modifying the verb.Dorothy colors outside the lines.OUTSIDE THE LINES is an adverbial phrase and OUTSIDE is a preposition.NOTE: LINES is the object of the prepositionGrammaruntied.com
24 I walked up the beach. Up what? PRACTICEI walked up the beach. Up what?Grammaruntied.com
25 PRACTICE You can press those leaves under glass. Fred stood beside us. The books in my green backpack are heavy.
26 Where’s the prep phrase? As I walked, I thought about school.
27 Where’s the prep phrase? She invited me inside the house.
28 Where’s the prep phrase? Above the trees, the sky looked like a blanket of stars.
29 MODIFIERSHow to make sure we put them in the right place
30 What is ‘wrong’ with these sentences? My husband asked me if we might considerhaving another baby during our friends’baby shower.I found a new scratching post for my cat, whichwas on clearance at the pet store.
31 Does this make more sense? During our friends’ baby shower, my husband asked me if we might consider having another baby. I found a new scratching post, which was on clearance at the pet store, for my cat.
32 What is ‘wrong’ with these sentences? She served sandwiches to the children on paper plates.She saw a puppy and a kitten on the way to the store.He bought a horse for his sister they call Prince.