Presentation on theme: "Parts of Speech- Prepositions English 9 2014. Prepositions: A preposition is a word that relates a noun or pronoun that appears with it to another word."— Presentation transcript:
Parts of Speech- Prepositions English
Prepositions: A preposition is a word that relates a noun or pronoun that appears with it to another word in the sentence. The following chart lists several of the most commonly used prepositions. About behind during on to Above below except onto toward Across beneath for opposite under After beside(s) from out underneath Against between in outside until Along beyond inside over up Amid but into past upon Among by like since with Around concerning near through within At despite of throughout without Before down off till
Compound Prepositions Although most prepositions are single words, some prepositions are made up of two or three words. These prepositions are called compound prepositions. Some compound prepositions are spelled without a space between them, such as without, throughout, into, underneath, and outside. Other compound prepositions are spelled as separate words, as shown in the chart below: According toBecause ofIn place ofNext to Ahead ofBy means ofIn regard toOn account of Apart fromIn addition toIn spite ofOut of Aside fromIn back ofInstead ofOwing to As ofIn front ofIn view ofPrior to
Prepositional Phrases A prepositional phrase is a group of words that includes a preposition and a noun or pronoun. The noun or pronoun generally found after a preposition is called the object of the preposition. Most prepositional phrases contain two or three words. However, they may be longer, depending on the number or words modifying the object and the length of the preposition. Near the tall, gently swaying trees. On account of the rain. PrepositionsObjects of the Prepositions Near Before According to Me The storm her
Preposition or Adverb? Remember that prepositions always have objects: adverbs do not. If a word that can be used either as a preposition or as an adverb has an object, the word is acting as a preposition. For a word to act as a preposition, it must have an object and be part of a prepositional phrase. In the following examples, only the first and third sentences show prepositions with objects. Preposition: The ball flew through the net. Adverb: We were waved right through. Preposition: We play behind the school. Adverb: Leave your worries behind when you go on vacation.