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April 2013 First Steps into the Labour Market The move that matters
© 2013 Deloitte Central Europe Background Third edition of the international survey of students and recent graduates across Central Europe 2010 edition focused on Poland 2011 edition covers five countries: Czech Republic Latvia Lithuania Slovakia Poland First Steps into the Labour Market 20132
© 2013 Deloitte Central EuropeFirst Steps into the Labour Market 2013 First steps into the labour market 2013 Focused on 11 countries (Albania, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia) Survey period: 10 October – 31 December 2012 Research that takes a close look at students’ and recent graduates’ experience, competencies and attitudes to work Focused on “talents” (students from big cities, good universities, business faculties) Responses from 4,144 “talents” (18 – 26 years old) 3 Baltics Visegrád Group Balkans
© 2013 Deloitte Central Europe Report’s objectives It’s critical for universities, employers and students to begin an open three-way discussion to ensure that the vast pool of talent in Central Europe is being properly cultivated and supported at all levels. Gavin Flook, Talent Partner, Deloitte Central Europe Key tool for employers seeking insight into how to attract the region’s best and brightest young talents Important role in encouraging closer cooperation between universities, employers and policy-makers as they seek to streamline the transition between education and work, for benefit of the region’s economies 4First Steps into the Labour Market 2013
© 2013 Deloitte Central EuropeFirst Steps into the Labour Market 2013 Highlights from key findings Students are not a homogenous group that share a similar attitude to work. The diversity of opinion expressed in the survey highlights the dangers inherent in oversimplifying and stereotyping this generation as a whole (Generation Y / Millennnials) Work remains important in the hierarchy of respondents’ values Students are critical about the system of education in their country and the way their universities prepare them for future jobs and the job-seeking process. Students rated their universities more highly than the higher education system as a whole. Most of the surveyed students look for opportunities to gain professional experience and have already had an internship or a job 5
© 2013 Deloitte Central Europe Highlights from key findings Not remuneration but gaining experience is key when analysing internship offers. When looking for a job, the money matters significantly Very different attitudes towards entrepreneurship among students (Baltics vs. Balkans) Majority of students is willing to relocate to a different city or abroad Internet is key source of information 6First Steps into the Labour Market 2013
Regional perspective 7
© 2013 Deloitte Central Europe What is education really worth? Universities evaluated better in terms of preparation for work than the higher education system as a whole. First Steps into the Labour Market Preparation for future professional dutiesPreparation for the process of looking for a job Educational systemOne’s own universityEducational systemOne’s own university 15.90%34.60%8.60%22.70% 44.10%27.20%62.20%41.3%
© 2013 Deloitte Central Europe What is education really worth? Surveyed do not feel well prepared for the job-seeking process (universities again rated better than the system as a whole however students considerably more critical) 9First Steps into the Labour Market 2013 How, in your opinion, do higher education institutions in your country prepare their graduates for the process of looking for a job? Well and fairly well Poorly and quite poorly Czech Republic Hungary PolandSlovakia Visegrad Group EstoniaLatviaLithuania Baltics AlbaniaBulgariaRomaniaSlovenia Balkans
© 2013 Deloitte Central Europe What is education really worth? Most respondents think that graduates of their own faculty are sought after on the labour market (62%) They also believe that their own qualifications are valuable for employers (63%) 10First Steps into the Labour Market 2013 Do you think that graduates of your faculty/specialization are sought after by employers? Yes Fairly sought after Neither no nor yes Not particularly No How valuable do you think qualifications from your specific university are to employers? Valuable Quite valuable Average Below average Not valuable
© 2013 Deloitte Central Europe The state of the nation Only about 10% of students see the economic situation of their countries in a positive light Over one third evaluated it as average, while the majority of students (54%) provided negative answers 11First Steps into the Labour Market 2013 How do you assess current economic situation in your country? GoodFairly goodAverageFairly poor Poor
© 2013 Deloitte Central Europe The state of the nation Students seeking an internship or a job were also asked about their chances of finding an interesting job within 12 months. Based on the survey, 21% assess their chances as high and 27% as fairly high 12First Steps into the Labour Market 2013 Respondents even less optimistic about the situation in the labour market How do you assess the current situation on the job market in your country? Good Fairly good AverageFairly poorPoor
© 2013 Deloitte Central Europe The state of the nation Students from the Baltics states most optimistic among all (Lithuania and Latvia giving the highest scores) 13First Steps into the Labour Market 2013 How do you assess current economic situation in your country? Czech Republic HungaryPolandSlovakia Visegrad Group EstoniaLatviaLithuania Baltics AlbaniaBulgariaRomaniaSlovenia Balkans Good and fairly good Poor and fairly poor
© 2013 Deloitte Central Europe A question of experience Nearly 40% of respondents worked or participated in internships during the actual survey period Great majority (72%) did so at some point during the studies Most students (60%) have gained one or two stints of professional experience 14First Steps into the Labour Market 2013 Did you gain professional experience in the form of internship/job/self- employment during your studies? Yes No Czech Republic HungaryPolandSlovakia EstoniaLatviaLithuaniaAlbaniaBulgariaRomaniaSlovenia Visegrad GroupBalticsBalkans
© 2013 Deloitte Central Europe A question of experience There is a large gap between the proportion of students gaining particular sorts of experience and how highly they value these opportunities 15First Steps into the Labour Market 2013 Experience gained vs perceived usefulness Perceived usefulness Experience gained Job/internship in your country related to the field of study Temporary or seasonal jobs in your country Additional educational programmes offered by employers Job searching training/workshops Volunteering Job/internship in your country unrelated to the field of study Student organisation (e.g. AIESEC) Student government Student mobility programme Special interest group Temporary or seasonal jobs abroad Job/internship abroad unrelated to the field of study Self-employment Job/internship abroad related to the field of study
© 2013 Deloitte Central Europe What are students really worth? Students highly assess their competencies 1.Ability to learn new things effectively 2.Communication skills 3.Teamwork 4.Self-organisation 5.Ability to analyse information and to think logically Students more critical of competencies related to entrepreneurship and initiative, delegating tasks and resistance to stress 16First Steps into the Labour Market 2013
© 2013 Deloitte Central Europe What are you really worth? When asked to evaluate their competencies in comparison with those of other candidates, most students assessed themselves better or somewhat better 17First Steps into the Labour Market 2013 How do you rate your competency levels with those of your job-seeking competitors? Higher Somewhat higher Similar (neither higher nor lower) Somewhat lower Lower
© 2013 Deloitte Central Europe Live to work or work to live? When asked about the importance of work in their lives, most students answered that it was important (59%) or fairly important (37%) Work is most important for Albanians, of whom 90% call it an important value in their lives. By way of contrast, under 50% of Lithuanians, Hungarians and Slovenes selected this answer 18First Steps into the Labour Market 2013 How are the following values important in your life - Work Important Fairly important Czech Republic HungaryPolandSlovakia Visegrad Group EstoniaLatviaLithuania Baltics AlbaniaBulgariaRomaniaSlovenia Balkans
© 2013 Deloitte Central Europe What really matters when it comes to making choices When selecting internships, the most important selection criterion was the opportunity to develop. This was also the criterion that students most often chose as the second most important, followed by the opportunity to gain professional experience. The factors most often placed third were opportunities to gain experience, to develop professionally and to perform interesting and inspiring projects 19 First Steps into the Labour Market 2013 First choice - the most important factor when choosing an internship Opportunity to develop and learn and acquire new skills Opportunity to gain professional experience Interesting and inspiring projects High salary Cooperation with top experts 0 First choice - the most important factor when choosing a job Opportunity to develop and learn and acquire new skills High salary Interesting and inspiring projects Opportunity to gain professional experience Work-life balance
© 2013 Deloitte Central Europe The things that matter most Most attractive type of work is that which enables people to excel in what they enjoy doing. The second most attractive aspect is the opportunity to learn permanently, while an international environment and the opportunity to use foreign languages are placed third If their performance was good, most students would expect to be promoted after a year of employment Respondents appear to find it difficult to plan how long to stay with an employer. Generally, they selected from one to three years, with only an insignificant number planning to move on in under a year 20First Steps into the Labour Market 2013
© 2013 Deloitte Central Europe The things that matter most Insufficient recognition was the most often mentioned possible reason for changing a job 21First Steps into the Labour Market 2013 What reasons would you possibly have for leaving your first or current job within a year of employment? Insufficient recognition / appreciation for work done Insufficient development opportunities Low career prospects Negative relations A better financial offer of a competitor Stress / pressure No pay rise Routine work Insufficient time for personal life The company doesn’t care about me Negative brand image of the employer High requirements Necessity to work with older generation
© 2013 Deloitte Central Europe Counting up the money The salary expected for their first jobs by students in most countries exceeded the average salaries in their countries. Only in Albania and Estonia were expectations lower than average salaries 22First Steps into the Labour Market 2013 What is your expected monthly net salary for your internship / job (40h/week)? Czech Republic HungaryPolandSlovakia Visegrad Group EstoniaLatviaLithuania Baltics Albania BulgariaRomaniaSlovenia Balkans Internship First job
© 2013 Deloitte Central Europe Counting up the money The results show clear differences between students’ expectations regarding remuneration for internships and employment 23First Steps into the Labour Market 2013 Difference in salary expectations between internship and first job Lithuania Hungary Latvia Poland Albania Estonia Slovakia Czech Republic Bulgaria Romania Slovenia
© 2013 Deloitte Central Europe Mapping out the future While most students would like to work in the field of their academic specialisation, around 40% of respondents would like some time to decide what they really want to do in life 24First Steps into the Labour Market 2013 I'd like to work directly in the area of my study specialization Yes Preferably Probably not No I don’t know I need some more time to decide what do I want to do professionally Yes Preferably Probably not No I don’t know
© 2013 Deloitte Central Europe On the move The great majority of students are ready to move to a different town or city, either locally (69%) or abroad (70%) for an interesting job offer Only 7% of students were not willing to relocate at all 25First Steps into the Labour Market 2013 Are you ready to move abroad in response to an interesting job offer? Czech Republic HungaryPolandSlovakia Visegrad Group EstoniaLatviaLithuania Baltics Albania BulgariaRomaniaSlovenia Balkans Yes and probably No and probably not
© 2013 Deloitte Central Europe Entrepreneurship Respondents from Lithuania, Albania, the Czech Republic and Latvia are the most experienced at running their own businesses In Baltics and Bulgaria, the highest number of students declared that they would like to set up their own business 26First Steps into the Labour Market 2013 Have you already decided on your future profession? I want to establish my own company Czech Republic HungaryPolandSlovakia Visegrad Group EstoniaLatviaLithuania Baltics Albania BulgariaRomaniaSlovenia Balkans
© 2013 Deloitte Central Europe The chances of landing the dream role Two third of respondents were looking for some form of employment while studying, ranging from part-time internships to full-time jobs Big multinational corporations were most commonly selected by applicants, followed by industry leaders 27First Steps into the Labour Market 2013 At present you are looking for: A full-time job A part-time job A full-time internship A part-time internship I’m not looking for job or internship
© 2013 Deloitte Central Europe Job-hunting Students mainly look for jobs on recruitment portals and employer websites, although there were certain regional differences Press advertisements remain popular source of information, particularly in Albania and Lithuania 28First Steps into the Labour Market 2013
“Deloitte” is the brand under which tens of thousands of dedicated professionals in independent firms throughout the world collaborate to provide audit, consulting, financial advisory, risk management, and tax services to selected clients. These firms are members of Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited (DTTL), a UK private company limited by guarantee. Each member firm provides services in a particular geographic area and is subject to the laws and professional regulations of the particular country or countries in which it operates. DTTL does not itself provide services to clients. DTTL and DTTL member firm are separate and distinct legal entities, which cannot obligate the other entities. DTTL and each DTTL member firm are only liable for their own acts or omissions, and not those of each other. Each of the member firms operates under the names "Deloitte," "Deloitte & Touche," "Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu," or other related names. Each DTTL member firm is structured differently in accordance with national laws, regulations, customary practice, and other factors, and may secure the provision of professional services in their territories through subsidiaries, affiliates, and/or other entities. Deloitte Central Europe is a regional organization of entities organized under the umbrella of Deloitte Central Europe Holdings Limited, the member firm in Central Europe of Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited. Services are provided by the subsidiaries and affiliates of Deloitte Central Europe Holdings Limited, which are separate and independent legal entities. The subsidiaries and affiliates of Deloitte Central Europe Holdings Limited are among the region’s leading professional services firms, providing services through more than 3,800 people in 41 offices in 17 countries. Deloitte provides audit, tax, consulting, and financial advisory services to public and private clients spanning multiple industries. With a globally connected network of member firms in more than 150 countries, Deloitte brings world-class capabilities and deep local expertise to help clients succeed wherever they operate. Deloitte's approximately 195,000 professionals are committed to becoming the standard of excellence. © 2013 Deloitte Central Europe
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