2Ⅰ.American Naturalismliterary movement in the late 19th and early 20threfers to the theory that literary composition should aim at a detached(客观的), scientific objectivity(客观事实) in the treatment of natural man.The movement is an outgrowth of scientist, following the biological determinism(决定论) of Darwin’s theory.
3Ⅱ.Stephen Crane（斯蒂芬·克莱恩) ( )American journalist, poet, and authorNotable American Naturalist
41. Life born in Newark, New Jersey, in 1871 attended the College of Liberal Arts at Syracuse University but did not graduatedied on 5 June 1900, at the age of twenty-eight
52. Works Fictions Maggie: A Girl of the Streets 《街头女郎麦琪》 The Red Badge of Courage《红色英勇勋章》Active Service
62. Works Short stories "The Open Boat"《海上扁舟》 "The Blue Hotel" 《蓝色旅馆》 "An Experiment in Misery" 《不幸的试验》Poems"A Man Said to the Universe"《一个人对上帝说》“A Man Adrift on a Slim Spar”《这个人漂泊在 细细的梁上》The Black Riders 《黑骑手》
83. The Red Badge of Courage Brief introductionan impressionistic(印象派的) novel treated with the meaning of courageone of the most influential war novel in American literature.His writing is notable for its detached and critical style
9Ⅲ. Theodore Dreiser （西奥多·德莱塞） American authoroutstanding representative of naturalismhis novels depictreal-life subjects in a harsh light.
101. Lifeborn in Indiana, in 1871the twelfth of thirteen children in the familyattended Indiana University (1889 – 1890)involved in several campaigns against social injustice.died in 1945
112. Works Novels Sister Carrie 《嘉莉妹妹》 Jennie Gerhardt 《珍妮姑娘》 The Financier 《金融家》An American Tragedy《美国的悲剧》The Titan 《巨人》The Genius《天才》 “欲望三步曲”The Stoic 《斯多葛》
122. Works Autobiography A Book About Myself 《关于我自己的书》 Stories Free 《自由》 Chains 《锁链》A Gallery of Women《妇女群像》
143. Sister Carrie 1. Brief Introduction a novel by Theodore Dreiser about a young country girl who moves to the big city where she starts realizing her own American Dream by first becoming a mistress to powerful men and later as a famous actress
153. Sister Carrie 2. Themes American Dream Change and Transformation Choices and ConsequencesWealth and PovertyIdentitySex