3Why do you think the presidency is called a Glorious Burden??
4Who assists the President? When George Washington was President, people recognized that one person could not carry out the duties of the President without advice and assistance.
5The President receives help from the: Vice PresidentCabinet MembersHeads of Independent and Executive Agencies.Unlike the powers of the President, their responsibilities are not defined in the Constitution.
15Presidential Succession Eight U.S. presidents have died while in office. One president resigned. In each case, the vice president took the oath of office and became president as provided by the Constitution.
16William H. Harrison, Natural Causes John Tyler, Vice President
17Zachary Taylor, Natural Causes Millard Fillmore, Vice President
18Abraham Lincoln, Assassinated Andrew Johnson, Vice President
19James A. Garfield, Assassinated Chester Author, Vice President
20William McKinley, Assassinated Theodore Roosevelt, Vice President
21Warren Harding, Natural Causes Calvin Coolidge, Vice President
22Franklin D. Roosevelt, Natural Causes Harry Truman, Vice President
23John F. Kennedy, Assassinated Lyndon Johnson, Vice President
24Richard M. Nixon, Resigned Gerald R. Ford Vice President
25Twenty-fifth Amendment adopted in 1967new president nominates a new vice presidentNomination must then be approved by a majority vote of both houses of Congress.
26The Order of Presidential Succession The Vice PresidentThe Speaker of the HouseThe President pro tempore of the SenateMembers of the president’s cabinet in the order in which their departments were created
27Departments in Succession Order Secretary of StateSecretary of the TreasurySecretary of DefenseAttorney GeneralSecretary of the InteriorSecretary of AgricultureSecretary of CommerceSecretary of LaborSecretary of Health and Human ServicesSecretary of Housing and Urban DevelopmentSecretary of TransportationSecretary of EnergySecretary of EducationSecretary of Veterans AffairsSecretary of Homeland Security
287 Major Roles of the President 1.) Chief Executive 2.) Chief Diplomat 3.) Commander in Chief 4.) Political Party Leader 5.) Legislative Leader 6.) Judicial Leader 7.) Chief of State
29Powers and Duties of the President 1.) Chief ExecutiveCarries out the nation’s lawsIssues Executive Orders (rule or command the President issues that has the force of law; usually during time of crisis)Appoints cabinet members, ambassadors, judges, heads of govt. agencies
30Powers and Duties of the President 2.) Chief DiplomatResponsible for making treaties with other countries with Senate approvalMeets with foreign leadersCan make Executive Agreements with leaders of other countriesHas the force of law but does not require Senate approvalResponsible for appointing ambassadors with Senate approvalAn official representative of a country’s government
31Powers and Duties of the President 3.) Commander in ChiefPresident is final authority over all military mattersFounding Fathers believed in civilian control over the military; person elected by the people has final say over all military mattersPresident can use military in times of war.1973: War Powers Act passed by CongressPresident must notify Congress when troops sent anywhereTroops must be brought home after 60 days unlessCongress declares war, or gives approval for troops to stay.Controversial Law which has never been challenged in the Supreme Court; Checks and Balances issue?
32When was the last time the United States passed a Formal Declaration of War? December 8, 1941.JapanGermanyDecember 11, 1941.Italy
33Powers and Duties of the President 4.) Political Party LeaderSupports party members in election campaigns and helps unify the partyAppoints members of party to key govt. jobs
34Powers and Duties of the President 5.) Legislative LeaderProposes legislation and uses many tactics to get the bill passedPrepares the federal budgetApproves or vetoes legislation
35Powers and Duties of the President 6.) Judicial LeaderAppoints judges to Federal Courts and the U.S. Supreme CourtAppoints Justices whose point of view is similar to their own
36Powers and Duties of the President 7.) Chief of State Role is symbolic – President represents all Americans - Gives a human face to American govt. - Can be demonstrated in many waysGreeting heroes
37Powers and Duties of the President 7.) Chief of State (Continued)- Throwing first pitches at baseball games- Inviting musicians to perform at White House
38Powers and Duties of the President 7.) Chief of State (Continued)Attending funeral of another country’s leader.SpeeSpeeches and Ceremonies
40Executive Branch checks on the Legislative Branch Vetoes lawsCalls Congress into special session
41Executive Branch checks on the Judicial Branch Appoints federal judges
42Legislative Branch Checks Powers OVER the President Senate approves treaties and presidential appointmentsThe House of Representatives appropriates money; “power of the purse”Congress can override vetoCongress can impeach and convict the President and Vice President
43Judicial Branch Checks Powers over the President The Supreme Court can rule Executive Acts unconstitutionalHey What Do You Expect..we only have one document to use here! Just follow it!Geez
44Executive Branch Checks Powers over the Legislative Branch Judicial BranchVetoes lawsConvenes (calls) Congress into special sessionNominates Supreme Court Justices and federal judgesGrants pardons and reprievesLegislative Branch Checks Powers over the PresidentJudicial Branch Checks Powers over the PresidentSenate approves treaties and presidentialappointmentsThe House of Representatives appropriatesmoney (Power of the Purse)- Congress can override vetoesCongress can impeach and convict thePresident and Vice President- Grants pardons and reprievesThe Supreme Court can rule ExecutiveActs unconstitutional
45How the president influences policymaking (Laws/legislation)
50Executive Departments Congress has the power to establish, reorganize and to eliminate executive departments
51Executive Departments Each department as a specific area of responsibility
52Executive Departments Heads of the Executive Departments make up the President’s Cabinet
53CabinetNot mentioned in the Constitution, but every President has had a CabinetAdvise the President and help implement federal lawsTitle of most cabinet members is secretaryHead of the Department of Justice is the Attorney General
54Department of the Interior Department of Treasury Department of StateDepartment of DefenseDepartment of JusticeDepartment of the InteriorDepartment of TreasuryDepartment of Health and Human ServicesDepartment of TransportationDepartment of EducationDepartment of LaborDepartment of Veteran’s AffairsDepartment of Housing and Urban DevelopmentDepartment of EnergyDepartment of CommerceDepartment of AgricultureDepartment of Homeland Security
56Independent Agencies and Regulatory Commissions Created by CongressSource of Administrative Laws: Laws not created by Congress, but by an agency Congress has given specific permission to create laws.
57Independent Agencies and Regulatory Commissions Separate from the executive departments because they perform specialized duties.Help to carry out federal laws
58Independent Agencies and Regulatory Commissions Internal Revenue ServiceTasked with collecting taxes from all individuals and businesses in the United StatesFederal Communications Commissionregulates interstate and international communications by radio, television, wire, satellite and cable