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The Executive Branch. Today’s Essential Question:

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Presentation on theme: "The Executive Branch. Today’s Essential Question:"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Executive Branch

2 Today’s Essential Question:

3 Why do you think the presidency is called a Glorious Burden??

4 Who assists the President? When George Washington was President, people recognized that one person could not carry out the duties of the President without advice and assistance.

5 The President receives help from the: Vice President Cabinet Members Heads of Independent and Executive Agencies. Unlike the powers of the President, their responsibilities are not defined in the Constitution.

6 The Executive Branch President Cabinet The Heads of the 15 Executive Departments. Federal Agencies Created by Congress Vice President Member of the President’s Cabinet

7 The Presidency. A Glorious Burden. November Election Night. November Election Night.

8 Not Just President Obama…

9 Presidency Qualifications Native born citizen At least 35 years old U.S. Resident for 14 years I need to have all these Qualifications!!!!

10 Presidency Term of Office Elected to a 4 year term No term limits in the Constitution 22 nd Amendment set a 2 term limit

11 Presidency Salary and Benefits $400,000 a year plus $50,000 allowance Use of Air Force One and a fleet of cars and helicopters White House and Camp David

12 Presidency Qualifications Native born citizen At least 35 years old U.S. Resident for 14 years Term of Office Elected to a 4 year term No term limits in the Constitution 22 nd Amendment set a 2 term limit Salary and Benefits $400,000 a year plus $50,000 allowance Use of Air Force One and a fleet of cars and helicopters White House and Camp David

13 The Vice President You have a distinct old man smell, get away from me…… As soon as these cameras are gone so am I….

14 Vice President Qualifications Must meet same Constitutional requirements as President Duties and Responsibilities Takes over if the President dies or is removes from Office Presides over the Senate Salary and Benefits $186,300 annual salary plus $10,000 allowance

15 Presidential Succession Eight U.S. presidents have died while in office. One president resigned. In each case, the vice president took the oath of office and became president as provided by the Constitution.

16 William H. Harrison, Natural Causes John Tyler, Vice President

17 Zachary Taylor, Natural Causes Millard Fillmore, Vice President

18 Abraham Lincoln, Assassinated Andrew Johnson, Vice President

19 James A. Garfield, Assassinated Chester Author, Vice President

20 William McKinley, Assassinated Theodore Roosevelt, Vice President

21 Warren Harding, Natural Causes Calvin Coolidge, Vice President

22 Franklin D. Roosevelt, Natural Causes Harry Truman, Vice President

23 John F. Kennedy, Assassinated Lyndon Johnson, Vice President

24 Richard M. Nixon, Resigned Gerald R. Ford Vice President

25 Twenty-fifth Amendment adopted in 1967 new president nominates a new vice president Nomination must then be approved by a majority vote of both houses of Congress.

26 The Order of Presidential Succession The Vice President The Speaker of the House The President pro tempore of the Senate Members of the president’s cabinet in the order in which their departments were created

27 Departments in Succession Order Secretary of State Secretary of the Treasury Secretary of Defense Attorney General Secretary of the Interior Secretary of Agriculture Secretary of Commerce Secretary of Labor Secretary of Health and Human Services Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Secretary of Transportation Secretary of Energy Secretary of Education Secretary of Veterans Affairs Secretary of Homeland Security

28 7 Major Roles of the President 1.) Chief Executive 2.) Chief Diplomat 3.) Commander in Chief 4.) Political Party Leader 5.) Legislative Leader 6.) Judicial Leader 7.) Chief of State

29 Powers and Duties of the President 1.) Chief Executive  Carries out the nation’s laws  Issues Executive Orders (rule or command the President issues that has the force of law; usually during time of crisis)  Appoints cabinet members, ambassadors, judges, heads of govt. agencies

30 Powers and Duties of the President 2.) Chief Diplomat  Responsible for making treaties with other countries with Senate approval  Meets with foreign leaders  Can make Executive Agreements with leaders of other countries  Has the force of law but does not require Senate approval  Responsible for appointing ambassadors with Senate approval  An official representative of a country’s government

31 Powers and Duties of the President 3.) Commander in Chief President is final authority over all military matters o Founding Fathers believed in civilian control over the military; person elected by the people has final say over all military matters President can use military in times of war. 1973: War Powers Act passed by Congress  President must notify Congress when troops sent anywhere  Troops must be brought home after 60 days unless Congress declares war, or gives approval for troops to stay. Controversial Law which has never been challenged in the Supreme Court; Checks and Balances issue?

32 When was the last time the United States passed a Formal Declaration of War? December 8, Japan December 11, Italy Germany

33 Powers and Duties of the President 4.) Political Party Leader Supports party members in election campaigns and helps unify the party Appoints members of party to key govt. jobs

34 Powers and Duties of the President 5.) Legislative Leader Proposes legislation and uses many tactics to get the bill passed Prepares the federal budget Approves or vetoes legislation

35 Powers and Duties of the President 6.) Judicial Leader Appoints judges to Federal Courts and the U.S. Supreme Court  Appoints Justices whose point of view is similar to their own

36 Powers and Duties of the President 7.) Chief of State Role is symbolic – President represents all Americans -Gives a human face to American govt. -Can be demonstrated in many ways Greeting heroes

37 Powers and Duties of the President 7.) Chief of State (Continued) - Throwing first pitches at baseball games - Inviting musicians to perform at White House

38 Powers and Duties of the President 7.) Chief of State (Continued) Attending funeral of another country’s leader. Speeches and Ceremonies

39 Checks and Balances

40 Executive Branch checks on the Legislative Branch Vetoes laws Calls Congress into special session

41 Executive Branch checks on the Judicial Branch Appoints federal judges

42 Legislative Branch Checks Powers OVER the President Senate approves treaties and presidential appointments The House of Representatives appropriates money; “power of the purse” Congress can override veto Congress can impeach and convict the President and Vice President

43 Judicial Branch Checks Powers over the President The Supreme Court can rule Executive Acts unconstitutional Hey What Do You Expect..we only have one document to use here! Just follow it! Geez

44 Executive Branch Checks Powers over the Legislative Branch Executive Branch Checks Powers over the Judicial Branch o Vetoes laws o Convenes (calls) Congress into special session o Nominates Supreme Court Justices and federal judges o Grants pardons and reprieves Legislative Branch Checks Powers over the President Judicial Branch Checks Powers over the President -Senate approves treaties and presidential appointments -The House of Representatives appropriates money (Power of the Purse) - Congress can override vetoes -Congress can impeach and convict the President and Vice President - Grants pardons and reprieves -The Supreme Court can rule Executive Acts unconstitutional

45 How the president influences policymaking (Laws/legislation)

46 The Executive Branch influences policymaking (laws) by: Proposing legislation (giving Congress ideas for laws) Giving the State of the Union Address Annual speech to Congress that is an important way for a President’s agenda to be communicated to the public and to Congress

47 The Executive Branch influences policymaking (laws) by: Approving or Vetoing bills

48 The Executive Branch influences policymaking (laws) by: Appointing officials that carry out the laws The President appoints the heads of cabinet departments, independent agencies and regulatory commissions. Appealing directly to the people

49 Executive Departments

50 Congress has the power to establish, reorganize and to eliminate executive departments

51 Executive Departments Each department as a specific area of responsibility

52 Executive Departments Heads of the Executive Departments make up the President’s Cabinet

53 Cabinet Not mentioned in the Constitution, but every President has had a Cabinet Advise the President and help implement federal laws Title of most cabinet members is secretary Head of the Department of Justice is the Attorney General

54 Department of StateDepartment of DefenseDepartment of Justice Department of the Interior Department of TreasuryDepartment of Health and Human Services Department of Transportation Department of EducationDepartment of Labor Department of Veteran’s Affairs Department of Housing and Urban Development Department of Energy Department of Commerce Department of Agriculture Department of Homeland Security

55 Independent Agencies and Regulatory Commissions

56 Created by Congress Source of Administrative Laws: Laws not created by Congress, but by an agency Congress has given specific permission to create laws.

57 Independent Agencies and Regulatory Commissions Separate from the executive departments because they perform specialized duties. Help to carry out federal laws

58 Independent Agencies and Regulatory Commissions Internal Revenue Service Tasked with collecting taxes from all individuals and businesses in the United States Federal Communications Commission regulates interstate and international communications by radio, television, wire, satellite and cable

59

60 The Federal Bureaucracy Formed by the departments and agencies in the executive branch 3 million people work in the bureaucracy Operates under heavy rules and regulations that create “red tape


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