Presentation on theme: "Chapter 6 The Executive Branch"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 6 The Executive Branch American Civics4/1/2017Chapter 6 The Executive BranchSection 1: The PresidencySection 2: Powers and Roles of the PresidentSection 3: Executive Departments and the CabinetSection 4: Independent Agencies and Regulatory CommissionsChapter 6
2 OBJECTIVES Section 1: The Presidency Chapter 6Section 1: The PresidencyOBJECTIVESWhat are the qualifications and terms of office for the presidency?What are the duties and terms of office for the vice president?What is the order of presidential succession?
3 Qualifications for the presidency: Chapter 6Section 1: The PresidencyQualifications for the presidency:Native-born U.S. citizenAt least 35 years of ageA resident of the United States for at least 14 years
4 Terms of office: Section 1: The Presidency Chapter 6Section 1: The PresidencyTerms of office:Four-year term and may be elected to a second termSalary of $400,000 per year plus $50,000 nontaxable allowance
5 Duties and terms of office of the vice president: Chapter 6Section 1: The PresidencyDuties and terms of office of the vice president:Takes over if the president dies, resigns, or is removed from officePresides over the SenateMust meet the same constitutional qualifications as the presidentSalary of $186,300 per year plus $10,000 taxable allowance
6 The order of presidential succession: Chapter 6Section 1: The PresidencyThe order of presidential succession:The vice presidentThe Speaker of the HouseThe president pro tempore of the SenateMembers of the president’s cabinet in the order in which their departments were created
7 OBJECTIVES Section 2: Powers and Roles of the President Chapter 6Section 2: Powers and Roles of the PresidentOBJECTIVESHow is the president involved in the legislative process?How does Congress limit the president’s powers as commander in chief?What are the president’s duties as foreign-policy leader and as chief of state?
8 The President and the Legislative Process Chapter 6Section 2: Powers and Roles of the PresidentThe President and the Legislative ProcessRecommends laws to Congress in speeches, writing, or through State of the Union AddressSends Congress an economic messageInfluences legislation with veto power
9 Congress and the Commander in Chief Chapter 6Section 2: Powers and Roles of the PresidentCongress and the Commander in ChiefOnly Congress can declare war.The president has the power to send troops into foreign lands.1973—War Powers Act: requires troops to be recalled within 60 days unless approved by Congress to stay longer
10 President’s duties as foreign-policy leader and chief of state: Chapter 6Section 2: Powers and Roles of the PresidentPresident’s duties as foreign-policy leader and chief of state:Appoints officials to represent the United States abroadTravels to foreign nations to meet with leaders and representatives of other countriesServes as the nation’s chief diplomat and assumes final responsibility for treatiesSymbolizes the United States and its peoplePerforms ceremonial duties
11 OBJECTIVES Section 3: Executive Departments and the Cabinet Chapter 6Section 3: Executive Departments and the CabinetOBJECTIVESWhat is the Executive Office of the President, and what is its purpose?How are the heads of the executive departments and the members of the cabinet related?What are the 14 executive departments?
12 The Executive Office of the President Chapter 6Section 3: Executive Departments and the CabinetThe Executive Office of the PresidentEstablished in 1939 and reorganized by each presidentContains agencies and offices that advise the president on current issuesThe White House Office keeps presidential schedule, writes speeches, and maintains relations with Congress, the press, and the public.
13 The 14 executive departments work to improve life for all Americans. Chapter 6Section 3: Executive Departments and the CabinetThe 14 executive departments work to improve life for all Americans.Department of StateDepartment of JusticeDepartment of TreasuryDepartment TransportationDepartment of LaborDepartment of EnergyDepartment of CommerceDepartment of DefenseDepartment of the InteriorDepartment of Health and Human ServicesDepartment of EducationDepartment of Veterans’ AffairsDepartment of Housing and Urban DevelopmentDepartment of Agriculture
14 Chapter 6Section 4: Independent Agencies and Regulatory CommissionsOBJECTIVESWhat are independent agencies, and why are they separate from the executive departments?What is the purpose of regulatory commissions, and who runs them?What is the federal bureaucracy?
15 Chapter 6Section 4: Independent Agencies and Regulatory CommissionsIndependent AgenciesPerform specialized duties that do not fit into regular departmentsSome serve all of the departments and some assist the work of the entire government.Examples:U.S. Commission on Civil RightsFarm Credit AdministrationSmall Business AdministrationNational Aeronautics and Space Administration
16 Regulatory Commissions Chapter 6Section 4: Independent Agencies and Regulatory CommissionsRegulatory CommissionsIndependent agencies make rules and bring violators to court.Commission heads are appointed by the president and approved by Congress to serve long terms.Commissions are independent in order to freely do their jobs.
18 The Federal Bureaucracy Chapter 6Section 4: Independent Agencies and Regulatory CommissionsThe Federal BureaucracyFormed by the departments and agencies of the executive branchAlmost 3 million workersOperates under heavy rules and regulations that create “red tape” but allow the executive branch to function