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A merican C ivicsHOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON1 Chapter 6 The Executive Branch Section 1:The Presidency Section 2:Powers and Roles of the President Section.

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Presentation on theme: "A merican C ivicsHOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON1 Chapter 6 The Executive Branch Section 1:The Presidency Section 2:Powers and Roles of the President Section."— Presentation transcript:

1 A merican C ivicsHOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON1 Chapter 6 The Executive Branch Section 1:The Presidency Section 2:Powers and Roles of the President Section 3:Executive Departments and the Cabinet Section 4:Independent Agencies and Regulatory Commissions

2 A merican C ivicsHOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON2 Chapter 6 OBJECTIVES What are the qualifications and terms of office for the presidency? What are the qualifications and terms of office for the presidency? What are the duties and terms of office for the vice president? What are the duties and terms of office for the vice president? What is the order of presidential succession? What is the order of presidential succession? Section 1:The Presidency

3 A merican C ivicsHOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON3 Chapter 6 Qualifications for the presidency: Native-born U.S. citizen Native-born U.S. citizen At least 35 years of age At least 35 years of age A resident of the United States for at least 14 years A resident of the United States for at least 14 years Section 1:The Presidency

4 A merican C ivicsHOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON4 Chapter 6 Terms of office: Four-year term and may be elected to a second term Four-year term and may be elected to a second term Salary of $400,000 per year plus $50,000 nontaxable allowance Salary of $400,000 per year plus $50,000 nontaxable allowance Section 1:The Presidency

5 A merican C ivicsHOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON5 Chapter 6 Duties and terms of office of the vice president: Takes over if the president dies, resigns, or is removed from office Takes over if the president dies, resigns, or is removed from office Presides over the Senate Presides over the Senate Must meet the same constitutional qualifications as the president Must meet the same constitutional qualifications as the president Salary of $186,300 per year plus $10,000 taxable allowance Salary of $186,300 per year plus $10,000 taxable allowance Section 1:The Presidency

6 A merican C ivicsHOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON6 Chapter 6 The order of presidential succession: The vice president The vice president The Speaker of the House The Speaker of the House The president pro tempore of the Senate The president pro tempore of the Senate Members of the presidents cabinet in the order in which their departments were created Members of the presidents cabinet in the order in which their departments were created Section 1:The Presidency

7 A merican C ivicsHOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON7 Chapter 6 OBJECTIVES How is the president involved in the legislative process? How is the president involved in the legislative process? How does Congress limit the presidents powers as commander in chief? How does Congress limit the presidents powers as commander in chief? What are the presidents duties as foreign- policy leader and as chief of state? What are the presidents duties as foreign- policy leader and as chief of state? Section 2:Powers and Roles of the President

8 A merican C ivicsHOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON8 Chapter 6 The President and the Legislative Process Recommends laws to Congress in speeches, writing, or through State of the Union Address Recommends laws to Congress in speeches, writing, or through State of the Union Address Sends Congress an economic message Sends Congress an economic message Influences legislation with veto power Influences legislation with veto power Section 2:Powers and Roles of the President

9 A merican C ivicsHOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON9 Chapter 6 Congress and the Commander in Chief Only Congress can declare war. Only Congress can declare war. The president has the power to send troops into foreign lands. The president has the power to send troops into foreign lands. 1973War Powers Act: requires troops to be recalled within 60 days unless approved by Congress to stay longer 1973War Powers Act: requires troops to be recalled within 60 days unless approved by Congress to stay longer Section 2:Powers and Roles of the President

10 A merican C ivicsHOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON10 Chapter 6 Presidents duties as foreign-policy leader and chief of state: Appoints officials to represent the United States abroad Appoints officials to represent the United States abroad Travels to foreign nations to meet with leaders and representatives of other countries Travels to foreign nations to meet with leaders and representatives of other countries Serves as the nations chief diplomat and assumes final responsibility for treaties Serves as the nations chief diplomat and assumes final responsibility for treaties Symbolizes the United States and its people Symbolizes the United States and its people Performs ceremonial duties Performs ceremonial duties Section 2:Powers and Roles of the President

11 A merican C ivicsHOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON11 Chapter 6 OBJECTIVES What is the Executive Office of the President, and what is its purpose? What is the Executive Office of the President, and what is its purpose? How are the heads of the executive departments and the members of the cabinet related? How are the heads of the executive departments and the members of the cabinet related? What are the 14 executive departments? What are the 14 executive departments? Section 3:Executive Departments and the Cabinet

12 A merican C ivicsHOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON12 Chapter 6 The Executive Office of the President Established in 1939 and reorganized by each president Established in 1939 and reorganized by each president Contains agencies and offices that advise the president on current issues Contains agencies and offices that advise the president on current issues The White House Office keeps presidential schedule, writes speeches, and maintains relations with Congress, the press, and the public. The White House Office keeps presidential schedule, writes speeches, and maintains relations with Congress, the press, and the public. Section 3:Executive Departments and the Cabinet

13 A merican C ivicsHOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON13 Chapter 6 The 14 executive departments work to improve life for all Americans. Department of State Department of State Department of Justice Department of Justice Department of Treasury Department of Treasury Department Transportation Department Transportation Department of Labor Department of Labor Department of Energy Department of Energy Department of Commerce Department of Commerce Department of Defense Department of Defense Department of the Interior Department of the Interior Department of Health and Human Services Department of Health and Human Services Department of Education Department of Education Department of Veterans Affairs Department of Veterans Affairs Department of Housing and Urban Development Department of Housing and Urban Development Department of Agriculture Department of Agriculture Section 3:Executive Departments and the Cabinet

14 A merican C ivicsHOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON14 Chapter 6 OBJECTIVES What are independent agencies, and why are they separate from the executive departments? What are independent agencies, and why are they separate from the executive departments? What is the purpose of regulatory commissions, and who runs them? What is the purpose of regulatory commissions, and who runs them? What is the federal bureaucracy? What is the federal bureaucracy? Section 4: Independent Agencies and Regulatory Commissions

15 A merican C ivicsHOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON15 Chapter 6 Independent Agencies Perform specialized duties that do not fit into regular departments Perform specialized duties that do not fit into regular departments Some serve all of the departments and some assist the work of the entire government. Some serve all of the departments and some assist the work of the entire government. Examples: Examples: U.S. Commission on Civil Rights U.S. Commission on Civil Rights Farm Credit Administration Farm Credit Administration Small Business Administration Small Business Administration National Aeronautics and Space Administration National Aeronautics and Space Administration Section 4: Independent Agencies and Regulatory Commissions

16 A merican C ivicsHOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON16 Chapter 6 Regulatory Commissions Independent agencies make rules and bring violators to court. Independent agencies make rules and bring violators to court. Commission heads are appointed by the president and approved by Congress to serve long terms. Commission heads are appointed by the president and approved by Congress to serve long terms. Commissions are independent in order to freely do their jobs. Commissions are independent in order to freely do their jobs. Section 4: Independent Agencies and Regulatory Commissions

17 A merican C ivicsHOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON17 Chapter 6 Regulatory Commissions (continued) Examples: Examples: Federal Election Commission Federal Election Commission Consumer Product Safety Commission Consumer Product Safety Commission Securities and Exchange Commission Securities and Exchange Commission National Labor Relations Board National Labor Relations Board Section 4: Independent Agencies and Regulatory Commissions

18 A merican C ivicsHOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON18 Chapter 6 The Federal Bureaucracy Formed by the departments and agencies of the executive branch Formed by the departments and agencies of the executive branch Almost 3 million workers Almost 3 million workers Operates under heavy rules and regulations that create red tape but allow the executive branch to function Operates under heavy rules and regulations that create red tape but allow the executive branch to function Section 4: Independent Agencies and Regulatory Commissions


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