Presentation on theme: "Chapter 6 The Executive Branch"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 6 The Executive Branch Section 1: The PresidencySection 2: Powers and Roles of the PresidentSection 3: Executive Departments and the CabinetSection 4: Independent Agencies and Regulatory Commissions
2 Section 1: The Presidency The Main IdeaThe president and the vice president are required to have certain qualifications.Reading FocusWhat are the qualifications and terms of office for the presidency?What are the duties of the vice president?What are the rules of succession for the presidency?
3 Qualifications for the presidency: Section 1: The PresidencyQualifications for the presidency:Native-born U.S. citizenAt least 35 years of ageA resident of the United States for at least 14 years
4 The Electoral College & Qualifications for President [02:26]
5 Terms of office: Section 1: The Presidency Four-year term and may be elected to a second termSalary of $400,000 per year plus $50,000 nontaxable allowance
7 Duties and terms of office of the vice president: Section 1: The PresidencyDuties and terms of office of the vice president:Takes over if the president dies, resigns, or is removed from officePresides over the SenateMust meet the same constitutional qualifications as the presidentSalary of $186,300 per year plus $10,000 taxable allowance
8 The order of presidential succession: Section 1: The PresidencyThe order of presidential succession:The vice presidentThe Speaker of the HouseThe president pro tempore of the SenateMembers of the president’s cabinet in the order in which their departments were created
9 Vice President SECTION 1 Question: What are the term of office and the duties of the vice president?Vice PresidentTerm of OfficeDuties preside over the Senate remain prepared to assume presidency help presidential candidate get electedfour years four years
10 Section 2: Powers and Roles of the President The Main IdeaThe powers and roles of the U.S. president affect not only the citizens of the United States but also people throughout the world.Reading FocusWhat are some of the leadership roles of the president?What powers does the president have?
11 The President and the Legislative Process Section 2: Powers and Roles of the PresidentThe President and the Legislative ProcessRecommends laws to Congress in speeches, writing, or through State of the Union AddressSends Congress an economic messageInfluences legislation with veto power
12 Congress and the Commander in Chief Section 2: Powers and Roles of the PresidentCongress and the Commander in ChiefOnly Congress can declare war.The president has the power to send troops into foreign lands.1973—War Powers Act: requires troops to be recalled within 60 days unless approved by Congress to stay longer
13 President’s duties as foreign-policy leader and chief of state: Section 2: Powers and Roles of the PresidentPresident’s duties as foreign-policy leader and chief of state:Appoints officials to represent the United States abroadTravels to foreign nations to meet with leaders and representatives of other countriesServes as the nation’s chief diplomat and assumes final responsibility for treatiesSymbolizes the United States and its peoplePerforms ceremonial duties
14 SECTION 2Question: What are the duties of the president as foreign-policy leader and chief of state?President’s Duties as Foreign Policy Leader and Chief of State secure friendly relations with foreign governments preserve the security of the United States appoint officials to represent the United States inforeign countries meet with leaders of foreign countries travel abroad to meet with foreign leaders assume responsibility for treaties with foreigncountries
15 Section 3: Executive Departments and the Cabinet The Main IdeaThe executive branch of the U.S. government is divided into several departments, each of which has certain duties.Reading FocusWhat is the Executive Office of the President, and what is the cabinet?What are the purposes of the Department of State and the Department of Defense?What are the other executive departments in the federal government?
17 The Executive Office of the President Section 3: Executive Departments and the CabinetThe Executive Office of the PresidentEstablished in 1939 and reorganized by each presidentContains agencies and offices that advise the president on current issuesThe White House Office keeps the presidential schedule, writes speeches, and maintains relations with Congress, the press, and the public.
18 The 15 executive departments work to improve life for all Americans. Section 3: Executive Departments and the CabinetThe 15 executive departments work to improve life for all Americans.Department of:Agriculture (USDA)Commerce (DOC)Defense (DOD)Education (ED)Energy (DOE)Health and Human Services (HHS)Homeland Security (DHS)* * newest executive departmentHousing and Urban Development (HUD)Justice (DOJ)Labor (DOL)State (DOS)Interior (DOI)TreasuryTransportation (DOT)Veterans Affairs (VA)
19 SECTION 3Question: What are the fourteen department secretaries included in the president’s cabinet?Cabinet MembersSecretary of StateSecretary of TreasuryAttorney GeneralSecretary of the InteriorSecretary of AgricultureSecretary of CommerceSecretary of LaborSecretary of DefenseSecretary of Health and Human ServicesSecretary of Housing and UrbanDevelopmentSecretary of TransportationSecretary of EnergySecretary of EducationSecretary of Veterans AffairsSecretary of Homeland Security
20 The Main Idea Reading Focus Section 4: Independent Agencies and Regulatory CommissionsThe Main IdeaThe Independent Agencies and Regulatory Commissions of the U.S. government perform specialized duties.Reading FocusWhat are some examples of independent agencies, and what duties do they perform?What are regulatory commissions, and who runs them?What makes up the federal bureaucracy?
22 Section 4: Independent Agencies and Regulatory Commissions Perform specialized duties that do not fit into regular departmentsSome serve all of the departments and some assist the work of the entire government.Examples:U.S. Commission on Civil RightsFarm Credit AdministrationSmall Business AdministrationNational Aeronautics and Space Administration
23 Regulatory Commissions Section 4: Independent Agencies and Regulatory CommissionsRegulatory CommissionsIndependent agencies make rules and bring violators to court.Commission heads are appointed by the president and approved by Congress to serve long terms.Commissions are independent in order to freely do their jobs.
26 The Federal Bureaucracy Section 4: Independent Agencies and Regulatory CommissionsThe Federal BureaucracyFormed by the departments and agencies of the executive branchAlmost 3 million workersOperates under heavy rules and regulations that create “red tape” but allow the executive branch to function
27 Commission on Civil Rights Farm Credit Administration SECTION 4Question: What are some of the independent agencies and regulatory commissions of the federal government?Independent AgenciesCommission on Civil RightsFarm Credit AdministrationRegulatory CommissionsFederal Election CommissionConsumer Product Safety CommissionSecurities and Exchange CommissionNational Labor Relations BoardNational Aeronautics and Space AdministrationSmall Business AdministrationOffice of Personnel ManagementGeneral Services Administration
28 Chapter 6 Wrap-Up1. What is the vice president’s role in the government?2. What limitation did the Twenty-second Amendment place on the terms of the presidency?3. What is the purpose of the State of the Union Address?4. How does the president participate in the legislative process?5. How does the Executive Office of the President serve the president?6. What other position do the executive department heads hold?7. Why are the independent agencies separate from the executive departments?