Presentation on theme: "Prof. S. Sathikh Formerly Professor, Production Engineering (PG) College of Engineering, Guindy Director, MIT Dean, PG studies, Anna University Vice Chancellor,"— Presentation transcript:
Prof. S. Sathikh Formerly Professor, Production Engineering (PG) College of Engineering, Guindy Director, MIT Dean, PG studies, Anna University Vice Chancellor, University of Madras Now Chairman, Governing Council M A M group of Engineering Institutions
CREATIVITY CREATIVITY 1. WHAT IS IT? 2. WHO POSSESSES IT? 3. CAN IT BE DEVELOPED? 4. WHAT IS CR. PROCESS? 5. WHAT ARE FACTORS THAT HELP? HINDER? HINDER? 6. WHAT METHODS ARE THERE TO GENERATE CR. IDEAS? GENERATE CR. IDEAS?
YOU CAN WIN They Do Things Differently Shiv Khera Winners Don’t Do Different Things
Divide a Square into 4 identical parts using 2 Straight lines in as many ways as possible
PROGRAMMED FOR CREATIVITY When people are given a list and asked to choose the best description of what they enjoy about doing and what they enjoy most – reading, climbing mountains, playing chess – the answer most frequently chosen is “designing or discovering something new”.
PROCESS & PRODUCT At first, it seems strange that dancers, rock climbers, and composers all agree that their most enjoyable experiences resemble a process of discovery. But the evidence suggests that at least some people should enjoy discovering and creating(itself) creating(itself) above all else.
For many people happiness comes from creating new things and making discoveries. Enhancing one’s creativity may therefore enhance well-being.
DON’T WAIT TILL ROPE BREAKS! THINK AHEAD
NEEDS OF CREATIVITY NEEDS OF CREATIVITY 1. CURIOSITY 2. INQUISITIVENESS * SCIENTIFIC PRINCIPLES * TECHNICAL INFORMATION 3. INTELLIGENCE
NECESSITY IS … NECESSITY IS … NECESSITY IS THE MOTHER OF INVENTION. But … WHO IS THE FATHER? WHO IS THE FATHER? IMAGINATION IS THE FATHER
NEEDS OF CREATIVITY NEEDS OF CREATIVITY 1. CURIOSITY 2. INQUISITIVENESS 3. 3. INTELLIGENCE * SCIENTIFIC PRINCIPLES * TECHNICAL INFORMATION 4. IMAGINATION 4. IMAGINATION
YET ACTION PRODUCESTHE RESULT IMAGINA[C]TION…. ! IMAGINATION IS THE FATHER
NEEDS OF CREATIVITY NEEDS OF CREATIVITY 1. CURIOSITY 2. INQUISITIVENESS * SCIENTIFIC PRINCIPLES * TECHNICAL INFORMATION 4. IMAGINATION 4. IMAGINATION 3. INTELLIGENCE 5. ACTION
Some secrets of my Success BE BE V Standard V Standard IV Form IV Form BE Sports BE Sports –SCR –EC
KEY FACTOR FOR SUCCESS P 1 PERCEPTIONAwareness P 1 PERCEPTIONAwareness P 2 PREPARATION P 2 PREPARATION P 3 PRACTICE P 3 PRACTICE P 4 PARTICIPATION P 4 PARTICIPATION P 5 PERFORMANCE P 5 PERFORMANCE P 6 PRIZE WINNING P 6 PRIZE WINNING PARTICIPATION IS THE KEY FOR SUCCESS PARTICIPATION IS THE KEY FOR SUCCESS
INTELLECTUAL ABILTIY (I) VS CREATIVITY (C) INTELLIGENCE IS NOT A GOLDEN KEY FOR CREATIVITY I(B) I(A) C(B) C(A) Time T1T1
CREATIVITY CREATIVITY RAREST RAREST & HIGHEST FORM OF MENTAL ACTIVITY HUMAN HUMAN ENDEAVOUR WITH UNDERSTANDING OF HUMAN EXPERIENCES AND VALUES FRESH FRESH & RELEVANT ASSOCIATION OF HETHERTO UNRELATED THOUGHTS, FACTS, IDEAS, ACTIONS.. INTO A NEW CONFIGURATION WITH MEANING “BEYOND THE SUM OF THE PARTS” THAT IS SYNERGY
UNDERSTANDING UNDERSTANDING LANGUAGES SKILLS 1 TAMIL 2 ENG 3 HINDI SPEAK READ WRITE
LANGUAGES SKILLS 1 TAMIL 2 ENG 3 HINDI SPEAK READ WRITE UNDERSTAND ? ? ?
CREATIVE ACT- “Combination of previously unrelated structures, words,paintings… in such a way as to get more out of the emergent whole than what was put in”
WISDOM WISDOM COMES NOT BY OLD AGE, BUT BY OBSERVATION REASON REASON CAN ANSWER QUESTIONS; BUT IMAGINATION HAS TO ASK THEM A A CHILD IS HIGHLY CREATIVE UNTIL HE STARTS TO SCHOOL Random Remarks on Creativity
Random Remarks on Creativity continued MIND IS NOT A VESSEL TO FILL.BUT A FIRE TO KINDLE FIRE TO KINDLE IT IS BETTER TO RUN OUT RATHER THAN RUST OUT RUST OUT NO NEED EVEN TO TEACH CREATIVITY TO CHILDREN. BETTER GET AWAY FROM TO CHILDREN. BETTER GET AWAY FROM THEM. THEM.
CREATIVE PROCESS CREATIVE PROCESS IRRITATION NEED PROBLEM CONFRONTATION PREPARATION CONCENTRATION INCUBATION ILLUMINATION VERIFICATION ACTION
IS THERE A SILLY THING? In the sphere of creativity there is nothing like silly and sensible, small and big, little and large, trivial and tall, narrow and broad things. Every thing plays EQUAL roles. Keep all things, therefore, ready in mind
VIOLATION OF Archimedes Principle VIOLATION OF Archimedes Principle “Heavy things float in mind. Light things sink! Violations are not uncommon in Creativity Small things add to perfection. But perfection is not a small thing”
FACTORS AFFECTING CREATIVITY FACTORS AFFECTING CREATIVITY 1. H OME / FAMILY 2. S CHOOL / EDUCATION 3. C HURCH / RELIGION 4. E ARLY EXPERIENCE
POSITIVE FACTORS POSITIVE FACTORS 1. STATE 1. STATE OF MIND (ATTITUDE / MOTIVATION) 2. 2. CONDITIONS OF CIRCUMSTANCES (ENVIRONMENT) ----- CURIOSITY / INQUISITIVENESS
POSITIVE FACTORS continued POSITIVE FACTORS continued OPEN MIND / FREEDOM FROM PAST AND PRESENT EVALUATIONS / JUDGEMENTS (FREEDOM FROM FEAR OF BEING WRONG) SENSITIVITY TO SMELL THAT PROBLEM EXISTS
BARRIERS 1. PERSONAL 2. SOCIAL 2. SOCIAL AND CULTURAL 3. ORGANISATION
PERSONAL PERSONAL 1. FUNCTIONAL FIXEDNESS 2. PRATICAL MINDEDNESS 3. HABIT TRANSFER 4. OVER SPECIALISATION 5. DEPENDENCE ON AUTHORITY 6. FEAR OF RIDICULE 7. EMOTION
Various Aspects and Kinds of Good Luck Term Used to Describe the Quality involved I. SERENDIPITY II. ALTAMIRAGE
Good Luck is the Result of I. a An Accident I. b General Exploratory Behavior I. c Sagacity II. a Personalized Action Classification of Luck Chance I Chance II Chance III Chance IV
“Blind” luck. Chance happens, and nothing about it is directly attributable to you, the recipient Chance I Classification of Luck Elements Involved Personality Traits You Need None
The Disraeli Principle. Chance favors the individualized action. Fortuitous events occur when you behave in ways that are highly distinctive of you as a person. Classification of Luck Elements Involved Chance IV Distinctive hobbies, personal life styles, and activities peculiar to you as an individual especially when they operate in domains seemingly far removed from the area of discovery. Personality Traits You Need
The Kettering Principle. Chance favors those in motion. Events are brought together to form “happy accidents” when you diffusely apply your energies in motions that are typically nonspecific. Classification of Luck Elements Involved Chance II Curiosity about many things, persistence, willingness to experiment and to explore Personality Traits You Need Classification of Luck Elements Involved Personality Traits You Need
The Pasteur Principle. Chance favors the prepared mind. Some special receptivity born from past experience permits you to discern a new fact or to perceive ideas in anew relationship. Classification of Luck Elements Involved Chance III A background of knowledge, based on your abilities to observe, remember, and quickly form significant new associations. Personality Traits You Need
Enhancing Your Creativity – And Happiness Here are few suggestions for enhancing your personal creativity and happiness Try to be surprised by some –thing every day Try to surprise at least one person every day Write down each day what surprised you and how you surprised others When something strikes a spark of interest, follow it. Recognize that if you do anything will it becomes enjoyable. To keep enjoying something, increase its complexity Make time for reflection and relaxation Find but what you like and what you hate about life. Start doing more of what you love and less of what you hate Find a way ‘O express what moves you. Look at problems from as may viewpoints as possible Produce as many ideas as possible. Try to produce unlikely ideas
IDEA GENERATION TECHNIQUES 2. IDEATION 1. IMMAGINEERING 3. FUNCTIONAL VISUALISATION 4. IDEA DIAGRAM 5. IDEA MATRIX (MORPHOLOGY)
GROUP TECHNIQUES NO CRITICISM WILD THINKING (FREE – WHEELING) LARGE NUMBER OF IDEAS TRANSPOSE THOUGHTS & COMBINE IDEAS SYNECTICS - FEW IDEAS - GREATER DETAILS BRAIN STORMING:
CHECK LIST -NEW WAYS AS IS. -OTHER WAYS IF MODIFIED - WHAT ELSE LIKE THIS - WHAT TO COPY - WHAT TO EMULATE - WHAT PAST PARALLEL - WHAT DOES IT LEAD TO - NEW TWIST - CHANGE MEANING COLOUR, MOTION, SOUND,ODOR, FORM, SHAPE, SIZE. OTHER … - WHA TO ADD, MORE TIME,GREATER FREQ, -STRONGER, HIGHER LONGER, EXTRA VALUE PLUS INGREDIENT DUPLICATE / MULTIPLY - SUBTRACT - CONDESED, LOWER - MINIATURE SHORTER - LIGHTER, OMIT - UNDERSTATE, SPLIT-UP. 1.OTHER USES 2. ADAPT 3. MODIFY 4. MAGNIFY 5. MINIFY
- WHO; WHAT- ELSE -- OTHER – INGREDIENT -- MATERIAL, PROCESS, POWER, PLACE -- VOICE -- OTHER APPROACH -- OTHER PATTERN, LAYOUT,SEQUENCE -- INTERCHANGE COMPONENTS -- TRANSPOSE – CAUSE & EFFECT -- CHANGE PACE -- CHANGE SCHEDULE -- TRANSPOSE +VE, - VE -- OPPOSITES -- BACKWARD, UPSIDE DOWN, REVERSE ROLE. -- CHANGE SHOES -- TURN TABLES -- TURN OTHER CHEEK -- BLEND, ALLOY, ASSORT -- ASSEMBLE -- COMBINE UNITS -- COMBINE PURPOSE -- COMBINE APPEALS -- COMBINE IDEAS 6. SUBSITUTE 7. REARRANGE 9. COMBINE 8. REVERSE
TEACHER THE GREAT TEACHER THE GREAT What all great teachers appear to have in What all great teachers appear to have in common is LOVE OF THEIR SUBJECT, an obvious. SATISFACTION in arousing this love in. obvious. SATISFACTION in arousing this love in. (the minds of) their students, and an ABILITY to convince them that what they are learning / convince them that what they are learning / taught is deadly serious”. Epstein.
FACTSDOTSDATA KNOW WHAT KNOW -- HOW DO HOW WISDOM COMMON SENSE EXPLAINPICTUREINFN SKILL DEMON -STRATE MEAN- ING KNOW- LEDGE KNOW WHY INS- PIRE INSIGHT