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The Philippines. Historical Background Mix of Indonesian and Malaysian Later affected by Chinese and Muslim traders Conquered by Spanish in 1571 Named.

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Presentation on theme: "The Philippines. Historical Background Mix of Indonesian and Malaysian Later affected by Chinese and Muslim traders Conquered by Spanish in 1571 Named."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Philippines

2 Historical Background Mix of Indonesian and Malaysian Later affected by Chinese and Muslim traders Conquered by Spanish in 1571 Named after Spanish king Philip II Used as a center for trans-Pacific trade

3 Spanish Influence Catholicism became dominant religion Unification of islands in early 1800s Free trade by mid-1800s Enlightenment and revolutionary ideas spreading into upper Filipino classes Wealthy Filipino family – 19 th century

4 Growth of Nationalism 3 major groups Spanish (conservative, led by Catholic leaders) Ilustrados (upper class, educated Filipinos) Revolutionaries (lower class uneducated Filipinos and minority groups) Ilustrado leaders Jose Rizal, Marcelo del Pilar, and Mariano Ponce

5 Growth of Nationalism Liga Filipina Led by Jose Rizal National nonviolent political organization Katipunan Secret society committed to winning independence Emilio Aguinaldo led rebellion in 1896 Defeated 1897 Andres Bonifacio, founder of Katipunan Trans: “Revolution – Towards Change” Emilio Aguinaldo

6 Nationalist Wars US vs Spain 1898 Filipinos fought with the US, expected independence as reward US refused US vs Philippines Won by US

7 American Control Phase “teaching” Major parties Progressives Nacionalistas Phase “transition” Included Japanese occupation “Uncle Sam – well sonny, what is it? Philippines – where do I come in on this?”

8 Independence July 4, 1946 First President Manuel Roxas 1957 – Carlos Garcia Filipinos First movement Manuel Roxas (above) Carlos Garcia (left)

9 Nationalist Problems Communist movements Throughout 1960s and 1970s Hukbalahap (Huks) Muslim south alienated by Christian north Difficulty working with other Asian countries Nationalist dictators Ferdinand Marcos Luis Taruc – Huk leader Ferdinand Marcos

10 8-rayed sun – 8 original provinces that began 1896 revolution Three small stars – three main island groups White equilateral triangle – equality and fraternity Blue stripe – peace, truth and justice Red stripe – patriotism and valor


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