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The Philippines.

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Presentation on theme: "The Philippines."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Philippines

2 Historical Background
Mix of Indonesian and Malaysian Later affected by Chinese and Muslim traders Conquered by Spanish in 1571 Named after Spanish king Philip II Used as a center for trans-Pacific trade Info from

3 Spanish Influence Catholicism became dominant religion
Unification of islands in early 1800s Free trade by mid-1800s Enlightenment and revolutionary ideas spreading into upper Filipino classes Wealthy Filipino family – 19th century

4 Growth of Nationalism 3 major groups
Spanish (conservative, led by Catholic leaders) Ilustrados (upper class, educated Filipinos) Revolutionaries (lower class uneducated Filipinos and minority groups) Ilustrado leaders Jose Rizal, Marcelo del Pilar, and Mariano Ponce

5 Growth of Nationalism Liga Filipina Katipunan Led by Jose Rizal
National nonviolent political organization Katipunan Secret society committed to winning independence Emilio Aguinaldo led rebellion in 1896 Defeated 1897 Andres Bonifacio, founder of Katipunan Emilio Aguinaldo Trans: “Revolution – Towards Change”

6 Nationalist Wars US vs Spain
1898 Filipinos fought with the US, expected independence as reward US refused US vs Philippines Won by US

7 American Control Phase 1 Phase 2 1901-1935 “teaching” Major parties
Progressives Nacionalistas Phase 2 “transition” Included Japanese occupation “Uncle Sam – well sonny, what is it? Philippines – where do I come in on this?”

8 Independence July 4, 1946 First President Manuel Roxas
1957 – Carlos Garcia Filipinos First movement Manuel Roxas (above) Carlos Garcia (left)

9 Nationalist Problems Communist movements
Throughout 1960s and 1970s Hukbalahap (Huks) Muslim south alienated by Christian north Difficulty working with other Asian countries Nationalist dictators Ferdinand Marcos Luis Taruc – Huk leader Ferdinand Marcos

10 Blue stripe – peace, truth and justice
8-rayed sun – 8 original provinces that began 1896 revolution Three small stars – three main island groups Red stripe – patriotism and valor White equilateral triangle – equality and fraternity

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