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Commercial Data Processing Introduction. What is CDP Commercial Data Processing is the use of powerful computer systems to collect and process large volumes.

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Presentation on theme: "Commercial Data Processing Introduction. What is CDP Commercial Data Processing is the use of powerful computer systems to collect and process large volumes."— Presentation transcript:

1 Commercial Data Processing Introduction

2 What is CDP Commercial Data Processing is the use of powerful computer systems to collect and process large volumes of data at high speed.

3 Reasons for CDP Systems They: Process large volumes of data Process data at high speeds –Ability to search through a large number of records quickly Have the ability to do repetitive tasks without errors Process the data fast Ensure very accurate data

4 Management Information CDP provides the managers of companies with information that can them with decisions: Ordering Stock Sales Pricing Decisions

5 Advantages Over a Manual System Orders can be processed much more quickly Errors are less likely because of the checks built into the computer system Direct mailings can be done automatically using a mail merge Maintaining contact with & information about a large number customers

6 An Example Glasgow Airport They process lots of data –The BA computer system processes thousands of pieces of data every second They handle repetitive tasks easily –At peak periods the BA computer systems check in thousands of passengers each day, repeating the same process over and over again

7 They process data at high speeds –Bags are checked in immediately the bar code is entered They ensure very accurate data –Aircraft positions an times are accurately recorded by the computer system They offer instant access to the data –Many authorised staff members in the airport can see the data instantly. The data on arrivals and departures is displayed to the public on large display screens

8 The computer system makes it possible for: –The airport to cope with the thousands of people who travel on the planes –The movement of the planes –All the needs of the planes such as food and fuel –Dozens of airlines to use the airport

9 Lesson Objectives Learn about: –Difference between data and Information –The Data Processing Cycle –Data Collection and Preparation Stage –Data Input Stage

10 Recap – Reasons for CDP They: Process large volumes of data Process data at high speeds –Ability to search through a large number of records quickly Have the ability to do repetitive tasks without errors Process the data fast Ensure very accurate data

11 Data Vs Information Data is a collection of numbers, characters and symbols that a computer can use. It is meaningless to humans unless an explanation is given Information is data that is in a form that means something to humans. e.g e.g What is it? A date

12 The Data Processing Cycle Data Collection & Preparation Data Input Data Processing & Storage Data Output

13 The Data Processing Cycle The 4 Stages: Data Collection and Preparation Data Input Data Processing and Storage Data Output

14 Data Collection & Preparation The first stage in the data processing cycle is to collect and prepare the data so that the computer can understand it. Data can be collected in a variety of different ways for example: Scanning shopping at a supermarket checkout Clocking on at work Filling in a form –Source document

15 The Data Processing Cycle Data Collection & Preparation Data Input

16 Data Input Magnetic stripes Smartcards Bar Codes Mark Sense Cards Magnetic Ink character recognition (MICR) Optical Character Recognition (OCR)

17 Data Input: Magnetic stripes Stripe of magnetic material on the back of cards such as bank cards. Information is held on the magnetic stripe. Simple, quick and accurate way to enter account details. Relatively easy to forge To counter this forgery the smartcard was developed…

18 Data Input: Smartcards (Chip&Pin) Have a microchip & on-board memory instead of using the magnetic stripe to hold the information Holds a lot more data and harder to forge than magnetic stripes

19 Data Input: Bar Codes A set of lines varying in widths that represent a number They are read by passing a light pen or bar code reader across them. Contain information about the product such as: Item code, manufacturer, country of origin, size, etc.

20 Data Input: Mark Sense Cards Sheet that contains boxes that a line is marked for a choice. Good for multiple choice options like the National Lottery

21 Data Input: Magnetic Ink Character Recognition (MICR) Uses magnetic ink to print information on cheques Harder to forge than using normal ink

22 Learn about: –Error Checking –Interactive Processing –Backup & Updating –Files, Records & Fields –Data Output Lesson Objectives

23 Recap – Reasons for CDP Process large volumes of data Process data at high speeds Repetitive tasks without errors Process the data fast Ensure very accurate data

24 Recap – Data Input Magnetic stripes Smartcards Bar Codes Mark Sense Cards MICR

25 Data Input: Optical Character Recognition (OCR) Optical Character Reader recognises letters and characters. With special software a scanner can do OCR Widely used by the Post Office to sort mail.

26 Error Checking Ensuring the data entered is correct Types: –Validation Check Digit Range check Length check –Verification Enter it twice

27 The Data Processing Cycle Data Collection & Preparation Data Input Data Processing & Storage

28 File –Organised collection of related data Record –A group of related data items that could be considered as one unit Fields –One bit of information within a record

29 Data Processing & Storage Interactive Processing –Computer system process the data immediately it is entered –The results are then fed back to the users immediately Updating –When a file is changed then it is updated Backup –At least one spare copy of the data should be kept

30 The Data Processing Cycle Data Collection & Preparation Data Input Data Processing & Storage Data Output

31 Data Output Paper –Bills –Statements –Tickets Screen –Online bills –Information screens

32 The Data Processing Cycle Data Collection & Preparation Data Input Data Processing & Storage Data Output

33 Learn about: –E-Commerce –EFT / EPOS –Job Types –Economic Implications –Security & Privacy Lesson Objectives

34 E-Commerce Using networks to buy and sell products & services Shopping online –EBay, Amazon, Tesco, etc Online banking –Allows you to keep track of accounts

35 EFT/EPOS Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT) –A way of paying for goods without using cash –The amount of money is transferred directly from your bank to the shop’s bank account Electronic Point of Sale (EPOS) –Computerised system that collects data from checkout

36 EFTPOS Advantages –Less cash so less chance for theft Better for both customer & business –Less paperwork Disadvantages –Expensive to install –Easy to overspend when not using cash

37 Effects on Business New jobs are have been created since computers became used for CDP that didn’t exist before.

38 Job Types & Careers Programmer Systems Analyst Engineer Network Manager Computer Operator

39 Systems Analyst Looks at the manual tasks carried out by a company and decides whether these would be better or even possible by using computers instead.

40 Programmer When the System Analyst is finished they consult with the Programmer to discussed requirements The Programmer then writes the code for the programs required.

41 Engineer / Technician The person responsible for the maintenance and repairs of all the equipment.

42 Network Manager Controls who has access to network Controls installation of software & hardware

43 Computer Operator This person is involved with the day to day running of the complete computer system. They run the programs that process the data previously input.

44 Economic Implications Initial Cost –Buying & setting up the system is expensive Running Cost –Paper, –ink, –Electricity, –Maintenance

45 Security & Privacy Information must be accurate & up to date Files must be kept private Sale of mailing lists –Companies can sell the customer details to other companies –The person must be told and must give permission for their information to be passed on.

46 Task Answer questions pg 193 of book –Foundation KU –Foundation PS –General KU –General PS

47 Learn about: –E-Commerce –EFT / EPOS –Job Types –Economic Implications –Security & Privacy Lesson Objectives


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