Fully Linked Economic and Ecological Models Economic Model Land Use Change and Ag Management Optimal Land Use Practice Ecological Model Assessment NPP Greenhouse Gas Fluxes
Advantages All land use options can be assessed All land use options can be assessedDisadvantages Complex model Complex model Excess computer time Excess computer time Vulnerable to errors Vulnerable to errors
Economic Models Drive Ecological Models Use FASM U.S. Agricultural Model to predict biofuel land use change Expansion of ag land into: Expansion of ag land into: 1.CRP 2.Grassland 3.Forests
Economic Models Drive Ecological Models DayCent Model simulated ecosystem response Plant production Plant production N 2 O fluxes N 2 O fluxes Soil C changes Soil C changes Change in crop acreage Corn vs. Soybean vs. Wheat Corn vs. Soybean vs. Wheat
Ecological Models Drive Economic Models Use ecological models to drive response surfaces used in economic models N 2 O vs. Fertilizer N 2 O vs. Fertilizer Yield vs. Fertilizer Yield vs. Fertilizer Soil C vs. Land Use and Fertilizer Soil C vs. Land Use and Fertilizer
Beach, R.H., B.J. DeAngelo, S. Rose, C. Li, W. Salas, S.J. DelGrosso. 2008. Mitigation potential and costs for global agricultural greenhouse gas emissions. Agricultural Economics 38: 109–115.
Biofuel Crop Specific Greenhouse Gas Budget Pennsylvania Switchgrass Switchgrass Corn/Soybean Corn/Soybean Popular Popular Illinois/Iowa Switchgrass Switchgrass Miscanthus Miscanthus
Adler, P.R., S.J. Del Grosso, and W.J. Parton. 2007. Life cycle assessment of net greenhouse gas flux for bioenergy cropping systems. Ecol. Appl. 17(3):675–691.
Greenhouse gas sources and sinks from bioenergy cropping systems in the near-term Adler, P.R., S.J. Del Grosso, and W.J. Parton. 2007. Life cycle assessment of net greenhouse gas flux for bioenergy cropping systems. Ecol. Appl. 17(3):675–691.
Observed and DAYCENT N 2 O for Biofuel Cropping Systems in Pennsylvania
Summary Fully linked models are difficult to use Offline linking of models works well Net greenhouse gas balances are a function of: Specific biofuel crop Specific biofuel crop Perennial vs. annualPerennial vs. annual Land use prior to start of biofuel crop Land use prior to start of biofuel crop Existing croplandExisting cropland CRP/mature grassland?CRP/mature grassland? Tillage and fertilizing practice Tillage and fertilizing practice