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Study on Carbon Budget for Ecosystems of China: Aspects and Progress Yao Huang Institute of Atmospheric Physics Chinese Academy.

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Presentation on theme: "Study on Carbon Budget for Ecosystems of China: Aspects and Progress Yao Huang Institute of Atmospheric Physics Chinese Academy."— Presentation transcript:

1 Study on Carbon Budget for Ecosystems of China: Aspects and Progress Yao Huang Institute of Atmospheric Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences

2 1.How do C sources and sinks vary over time for different ecosystems? 2.How do patterns of C sources and sinks distribute regionally? 3.Key factors driving the processes of C cycling in different ecosystems? SCIENTIFIC THEMES FOR CHINESE SCIENTISTS

3 4.Responses of different ecosystems to the global change? 5.Options that can enhance the C storage and/or reduce the C emissions from different ecosystems? SCIENTIFIC THEMES FOR CHINESE SCIENTISTS

4 Projects Study on Carbon Budget in Terrestrial and Marginal Sea Ecosystems of China, CBTSEC launched by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (2001~2005) Carbon Cycle and Driving Mechanisms in China Terrestrial Ecosystems, CCDMCTE supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (2003~2007)

5 Objectives of the CBTSEC 1.To clarify the characteristics of C fluxes and reservoirs for different ecosystems 2.To address the role of climate, soil and human actions playing in the terrestrial C cycling processes

6 3.To compile an inventory of current C budget regarding to the terrestrial ecosystems of China 4.To evaluate the potential response of ecosystems to projected global change

7 5.To assess the contribution of land-use and land-cover change (LUCC) to C sink/source relationship during the last 100-year period 6.To develop techniques that can enhance the C storage and/or reduce C emissions

8 I: Measurements of C fluxes and reservoirs Eddy covariance, Static chamber/GC system, RS ) Characteristics of C fluxes and reservoirs for typical ecosystems I: Measurements of C fluxes and reservoirs Eddy covariance, Static chamber/GC system, RS ) Characteristics of C fluxes and reservoirs for typical ecosystems III: History of C cycling: LUCC II: Biogeochemical processes of C cycling: Responses of C cycling to climate, soil and human activities II: Biogeochemical processes of C cycling: Responses of C cycling to climate, soil and human activities IV: C Model: Assimilation & Respiration V: Patterns of C sources/ sinks and options 1. Seasonal variation of C sources/sinks: 1. Seasonal variation of C sources/sinks: Model output 2. Regional distribution of C sources/sinks: 2. Regional distribution of C sources/sinks: Model + GIS + RS output 3. Response of ecosystems to projected global change: 3. Response of ecosystems to projected global change: C-model+GCM+GIS output 4. Potential in enhancing C storage 5. Options for mitigating C emissions and/or enhancing C storage V: Patterns of C sources/ sinks and options 1. Seasonal variation of C sources/sinks: 1. Seasonal variation of C sources/sinks: Model output 2. Regional distribution of C sources/sinks: 2. Regional distribution of C sources/sinks: Model + GIS + RS output 3. Response of ecosystems to projected global change: 3. Response of ecosystems to projected global change: C-model+GCM+GIS output 4. Potential in enhancing C storage 5. Options for mitigating C emissions and/or enhancing C storage Framework of the CBTSEC

9 Topics and Progress of the CBTSEC 1 Carbon fluxes and reservoirs in typical Chinese terrestrial and marginal sea ecosystems Key aspects: Observations and measurements in situ Eddy covariance Static chamber/GC system Remote sensing

10 Establishment of ChinaFlux network Eddy covariance, Static Chamber/GC, Remote Sensing

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12 Observations and measurements in situ (Eddy Covariance)

13 Temperate conifer-broadleaved forest (42°24N, 128°28E, 763m) Higher NEE in forest Cropland (36°57N, 116°36E, 20m) Higher NEE in cropland High-frigid brush (37°45N, 101°12E, 3200m) Lower NEE in high-frigid brush

14 Observations and measurements in situ Static chamber

15 Respiration from forest soil is higher than that from soils of cropland and grassland

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17 Increased atmospheric CO 2 concentration enhanced CH 4 emission from rice paddy FACE Ambient CO 2

18 Identification of land cover from RS Percentage of land cover from RS Annual NPP from RS

19 2 Biogeochemical processes of C cycling in different ecosystems of China Key aspects: Decomposition and retention of the litter-C in forest ecosystems as influenced by climate Processes of C cycling in typical pasture ecosystems such as temperate grass and high- frigid meadow grass Key factors and mechanisms regulating organic C balance in agricultural soils

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21 Carbon released from litter decomposition accounted for ~30% of soil respiration in temperate conifer-broadleaved forest

22 Some 17% of net photosynthesis of maize and soybean is released through rhizospheric respiration

23 Crop dark respiration increased with tissue N concentration

24 Plant root contributes greatly to soil carbon in grassland

25 3 Patterns of C sinks and sources and the response to global change Key aspects: Modeling C emission/assimilation Integration of C models with GCMs, GIS and RS Geographical and temporal patterns of C sources and sinks Response of different ecosystems to the global change

26 Models are developed for the sections of forest, grassland, cropland and wetland, respectively. Upscaling: integration of models and GIS and RS

27 Upscaling: daily weather (10km× 10km

28 Upscaling: soil parameter (10km× 10km

29 Upscaling: cropping system (10km×10km

30 4 LUCC and mitigation options Key aspects: Contribution of LUCC to the C cycling Options for mitigating C emissions and/or enhancing C storage

31 Arable land increased from 1661 to 1950 while decreased thereafter

32 There is a great potential for enhancing C storage in agricultural soils Fengqiu (after12-year) Yingtan (after14-year)

33 Institutes are involved in the CBTSEC Institute of geography science and resource Institute of Atmospheric Physics Institute of Applied Ecology Institute of Soil Sciences Institute of Botany Sciences Institute of Remote Sensing Center of Ecology and Environment Sciences Chinese Ecosystem Research Network …

34 Thank You


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