Presentation on theme: "Bell Ringer What happened in Haymarket Square during a protest? What did the Pullman company build? Why did the Carnegie Steel Company in Homestead, Pennsylvania."— Presentation transcript:
Bell Ringer What happened in Haymarket Square during a protest? What did the Pullman company build? Why did the Carnegie Steel Company in Homestead, Pennsylvania go on strike?
Objective 5-5 Describe the changing role of government in economic and political affairs
Post Reconstruction Politics Presidential Assassination - James A. Garfield - Shot in a DC train station - because he refuse to give a man a job - Problem with “spoils system” Chester A. Arthur - Become President - vows to change government - helped create the Pendleton Act - Fed. Employees have to be qualified to get govt. jobs - subject performance exams
Post Reconstruction Politics Sherman Antitrust Act - Made it illegal to form monopolies - Govt. trying to regulate big business - Worked to eliminate monopolies
Post Reconstruction Politics Political Machines - Group that controls the political activities of a city - William “Boss” Tweed ran most famous Political Machine - Tammany Hall, NYC building Boss Tweed used to house PM - Graft – use political influence for personal gain (ex. Courthouse project projected cost $10 million, actual cost $ 3million= $7million profit)
Post Reconstruction Politics Tweed Ring Scandal - Tweed steal money from people of New York City - Thomas Nast- drew political cartoons of Tweed Ring - Nast drew “nasty” pictures of Boss Tweed - Public turned away from Tweed because of cartoons - Tweed indicted on 120 counts of fraud (sentenced to 12 years) - served 1 year, quickly arrested on other charges - Broke out of jail (moved to Spain) - Caught because of Nast cartoon
Thomas Nast Political cartoons
Post Reconstruction Politics Credit Mobilier Scandal - Railroad Financial Scandal - Used Grafts to steal money from taxpayers -Charging 2 times actual cost of jobs - Railroad giving money to Congress to look the other way - Major scandal for government
Post Reconstruction Politics Government starts reforms - Secret Ballot- voter choices are secret. No intimidation! - Initiative- petition to vote on an issue - Referendum- vote to accept or reject a particular proposal - Recall- voters can remove elected official from office
Post Reconstruction Politics Election of Grover Cleveland (Dem) - James Blaine (Rep) - Republican Party splits over financial corruption - Mugwumps- Republicans that joined the Democratic Party because of the dislike of James Blaine and his financial corruption -Cleveland wins election Grover Cleveland (Dem) James Blaine (Rep)
Little Lost Mugwump Blaine in 1884
Questions Why was President Garfield assassinated? What was created in response the Garfield's assassination? Who ran a political machine out of Tammany Hall in NYC? Who was the artist who drew pictures of the Tweed ring scandal and actually brought down the PM?
Vocabulary Pendleton Act Sherman Antitrust Act Political Machine Boss Tweed Credit Mobilier