Presentation on theme: "A glittering exterior turns out to be a corrupt political core with a wide gap between the rich and poor “All that glitters is not gold…”"— Presentation transcript:
A glittering exterior turns out to be a corrupt political core with a wide gap between the rich and poor “All that glitters is not gold…”
CORRUPT GOVERNMENT -many people saw gov’t job as means of wealth Spoils system (Grant) -graft Illegal use of political influence for personal gain -kickbacks Taking illegal payments for services -fraud Using fake names and the votes of the dead The construction of the New York County Courthouse involved extravagant graft and kickbacks. The project cost taxpayers $13 million, while the actual construction cost was only $3 million. The difference went into the pockets of a political boss and his followers.
POLITICAL MACHINES -party dominates an area Gained control by offering services in exchange for political/financial support -patronage, loyalty, graft Get their people elected, then appoint others with patronage -why did the public allow this system??? Government not helping the poor, city bosses will -boss controlled many jobs, services Jobs, Police, business licenses, courts, etc. “I’ve been called a boss. All there is to it is having friends, doing things for people, and then later on they’ll do things for you…You can’t coerce people into doing things for you—you can’t make them vote for you. I never coerced anybody in my life. Where you see a man bulldozing anybody he don’t last long.” ~”Big Jim” Pendergrass, Kansas City “Boss”
WHY CORRUPTION IS ALLOWED? -most cities lacked services Government will not or cannot provide services -political machines helped those on bottom to gain their voting loyalty Helped immigrants/poor with naturalization, housing, and jobs in return for their votes
TWEED RING William “Boss” Tweed -controlled NYC Democrats, 1868-1871 -Tammany Hall ring lots of graft and corruption Stealing money, corrupt police Notorious -exposed by political cartoonist Thomas Nast Exposed the Tweed Ring corruption through a series of cartoons Broken in 1871, Tweed put in jail for fraud and extortion “I don’t care so much what the papers write about me—my constituents can’t read; but…they can see pictures!” ~”Boss” Tweed on Thomas Nast’s cartoons depicting his Tweed Ring corruption
The Tammany Tiger Loose A bloodthirsty Tammany mascot has mauled the Republic, having broken her shield, the ballot, through corruption. The rotund emperor, Tammany Boss Tweed enjoys the spectacle, sitting among other Democratic politicians. The way Nast drew the rampaging tiger looking directly at the reader, clearly its next victim.
OTHER SCANDALS -Credit Mobilier RR scandal President Grant’s Cabinet scandal with railroads -lobbyists held great influence over Congress for the large trusts Money begins to control Congressmen; big business controls lawmakers Many Americans begin to question the governmental ethics as big businessmen gain more control over Congressmen
CIVIL SERVICE REFORM -patronage system puts unqualified people in positions Leads to graft and corruption -Rutherford Hayes campaigns for political reform Wants to end patronage Wants only qualified government employees -urges the elimination of patronage system and establishment of merit system People should be qualified to hold government offices President Hayes wants to end the corruption seen during the Grant presidency by eliminating the use of the patronage system. Why would some people be against this?
PRESIDENTS AND POLITICS -Hayes leads reform efforts Does not seek reelection -James Garfield continues reforms -Garfield assassinated by job seeker Would not give him a job under the patronage system Angry Charles Guiteau shoots President Garfield Chester Arthur becomes President Must do something to help -Pendelton Act passes Civil service jobs tested Garfield would not give jobs under the patronage system, which angered members of his political party. Only July 2, 1881, as the President was walking through the D.C. train station, he was shot two times by a mentally unbalanced lawyer named Charles Guiteau, whom Garfield had turned down for a job. Now America will seek changes in the patronage system.
TARIFFS DOMINATE POLITICS -Cleveland(1884), Harrison(1888) Cleveland again(1892) Without patronage system, government turns to wealthy business owners -Tariff and reform are major issues Businesses want high tariffs; Cleveland (D) will not pass tariff and is not reelected McKinley raises tariff -Reforms fail as McKinley Tariff passes– highest yet Businesses still dominating politics What is this cartoonist saying about big business and its effects on the government? How can you tell?