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The Persian Empire Hector Gaona & Daniel Mickunas.

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Presentation on theme: "The Persian Empire Hector Gaona & Daniel Mickunas."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Persian Empire Hector Gaona & Daniel Mickunas

2 Key Terms.  Cyrus the Great : died 529 BC) King of Persia and founder of the Persian Empire; he defeated the Median army and united the Persians and Medians under his rule.  Darius I : (550–486 BC) King of Persia from 522 to 486 BC; he reorganized and strengthened the Persian Empire by reforming the army and the government.  Satraps : governors of ancient Persia.  Xerxes: (c. 519–465 BC) King of Persia; his armies invaded Greece but were eventually defeated by the Greeks.

3  Zoroaster: (c. 628–c. 551 BC) Religious teacher and prophet of ancient Persia; he founded a religion known as Zoroastrianism based on the idea that people have free will and can act as they choose.  Dualism : the belief that the world is controlled by two opposing forces, good and evil.

4 The Persian Empire  The Persians formed one of the largest and best governed empires in the world at that time and made great cultural achievements.

5 Growth and organization Persia under the Medes Persians allowed to keep their own leaders as long as they did not rebel

6 Cyrus the Great  Cyrus the Great (Cyrus II)  Defeated Medes in 559 BC  Expanded Persian Empire  On his death in 530 B.C. he ruled the largest empire in the world.  His son, Cambyses II became emperor after his fathers death and expanded his empire into Egypt  He was killed on his way back to Persia to stop a rebellion that was taking place and Persia was without a ruler.

7 Persia in Decline  Rule of Darius high point of Persian culture  Son, Xerxes, failed to conquer Greece  Last strong ruler of Persia


9 Zoroastrianism  During the reigns of Cyrus and Darius, a new religion called Zoroastrianism took hold, based on the teachings of Zoroaster.  Spread  Much of Persian Empire  Darius worshipped Ahura Mazda  Other religions discouraged  The Greeks converted the Persians  Zoroastrianism never completely disappeared.

10 Zoroastrianism  Teachings  Ahura Mazda, source of good(World was created by him).  Ahriman, evil spirit  Dualism = world is controlled by good and evil  Free will  The Avesta  End of time

11 Persian Achievements Blended Culture  Cyrus and Darius encouraged cultural unity  Shared culture led to peace and a blending into a single Persian Culture.  People worked together to improve empire

12 Art and Architecture Animals a common subject in their art. Persepolis, monument to Persia’s glory Greatest example of Persian architecture


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