Presentation on theme: "Bellringer In your opinion, what is the best way to decide who is going to be the next ruler of a country and why? Ex. Should it be decided by bloodline,"— Presentation transcript:
1BellringerIn your opinion, what is the best way to decide who is going to be the next ruler of a country and why?Ex. Should it be decided by bloodline, elected, or simply chosen by the current leader.
7Shiite’s vs. Sunni’sIsmail massacred Sunni Muslims when he conquered Baghdad in 1508.Tried to use Shiite faith as unifying force.Shaw claimed himself the “spiritual leader of all Islam” as did the Ottoman Sultan.The Ottomans fought back forcing the Shaw to sign a peace treaty.Moved the capital east from Tabriz to Isfahan.
8Safavid Glory The Safavids reached their high point under Shah Abbas. Created a system much like the Ottoman Janissaries and supplied his army with the latest technology.Moved against Ottomans to regain lost territory.
9The mosque of Najaf in Iraq, holy site for Shi'ite Muslims Safavid DeclineThe Safavid Dynasty lost it’s vigor after Abbas Death in 1629.His successors lacked his talent and political skills.Shiite religious power began to increase at court and in Society.The mosque of Najaf in Iraq, holy site for Shi'ite Muslims
10Religious OrthodoxyThe pressure to conform to traditional religious beliefs.Created less intellectual freedom.Persian women forced into seclusion and forced to were a veil.
11Political and Social Structures Persia under the Safavids was a mixed society of Turks and Persians.The pyramid-shaped political systems placed the :Shaw – TopBureaucracy and landed classes – MiddleCommon people - Low
12The Role of the ShahShiite’s eagerly supported Safavid rule due to the belief that the founder was a descendent of Muhammad.Shiism declared state religion.Shaw’s controlled the power of the landed aristocracy bring new lands under the crowns control.Appointment to the bureaucracy was by merit, not birth.
13Economy and Trade Shahs were active in trade and manufacturing. All goods in the empire traveled by horse or camel.Safavid Empire not as prosperous as the Ottoman Empire or the Mogul.Never successful enough to trade with Europe.
14Safavid CultureKnowledge of science, medicine, and mathematics under the Safavids equaled that of other societies of the region.Persia had an extraordinary flowering of the arts under Shah Abbas.Silk weaving based on new techniques flourished.
15Riza-i-Abbasi The most famous artist of the period. Painted simple subjects such as oxen plowing, hunters, and lovers.Soft colors and flowing movement.
163 Circle Venn DiagramMake a 3 Circle Venn Diagram to compare and contrast the three Muslim Empires:Ottoman EmpireSafavidMogul (Will Cover tomorrow)Be careful to place information in the correct areas.Overlap areas indicate items that all empires have in common