Presentation on theme: "Bellringer In your opinion, what is the best way to decide who is going to be the next ruler of a country and why? Ex. Should it be decided by bloodline,"— Presentation transcript:
Bellringer In your opinion, what is the best way to decide who is going to be the next ruler of a country and why? Ex. Should it be decided by bloodline, elected, or simply chosen by the current leader.
The Rule of the Safavids
Think, Pair, Share Yesterday you read The World of Suleyman (pages ) Discuss/review with a partner 3 minutes.
Rise of the Safavid Dynasty Took control of the area extending from Persia to Asia in the 16 th Century. Shiite Muslims (Shia Islam) What were the Ottoman's? Sunnis
Shah Ismail Founder of the Safavid Dynasty. Seized much of Iran and Iraq in A.K.A. the Shaw The king of a new Persian state. Started a conflict that is still being fought today.
Shiite’s vs. Sunni’s Ismail massacred Sunni Muslims when he conquered Baghdad in Tried to use Shiite faith as unifying force. Shaw claimed himself the “spiritual leader of all Islam” as did the Ottoman Sultan. The Ottomans fought back forcing the Shaw to sign a peace treaty. Moved the capital east from Tabriz to Isfahan.
Safavid Glory The Safavids reached their high point under Shah Abbas. Created a system much like the Ottoman Janissaries and supplied his army with the latest technology. Moved against Ottomans to regain lost territory.
Safavid Decline The Safavid Dynasty lost it’s vigor after Abbas Death in His successors lacked his talent and political skills. Shiite religious power began to increase at court and in Society. The mosque of Najaf in Iraq, holy site for Shi'ite Muslims
Religious Orthodoxy The pressure to conform to traditional religious beliefs. Created less intellectual freedom. Persian women forced into seclusion and forced to were a veil.
Political and Social Structures Persia under the Safavids was a mixed society of Turks and Persians. The pyramid-shaped political systems placed the : Shaw – Top Bureaucracy and landed classes – Middle Common people - Low
The Role of the Shah Shiite’s eagerly supported Safavid rule due to the belief that the founder was a descendent of Muhammad. Shiism declared state religion. Shaw’s controlled the power of the landed aristocracy bring new lands under the crowns control. Appointment to the bureaucracy was by merit, not birth.
Economy and Trade Shahs were active in trade and manufacturing. All goods in the empire traveled by horse or camel. Safavid Empire not as prosperous as the Ottoman Empire or the Mogul. Never successful enough to trade with Europe.
Safavid Culture Knowledge of science, medicine, and mathematics under the Safavids equaled that of other societies of the region. Persia had an extraordinary flowering of the arts under Shah Abbas. Silk weaving based on new techniques flourished.
Riza-i-Abbasi The most famous artist of the period. Painted simple subjects such as oxen plowing, hunters, and lovers. Soft colors and flowing movement.
3 Circle Venn Diagram Make a 3 Circle Venn Diagram to compare and contrast the three Muslim Empires: 1. Ottoman Empire 2. Safavid 3. Mogul (Will Cover tomorrow) Be careful to place information in the correct areas. Overlap areas indicate items that all empires have in common