Presentation on theme: "The Safavid Empire blended Persian cultural traditions with Shia Islam."— Presentation transcript:
The Safavid Empire blended Persian cultural traditions with Shia Islam.
A conflict arose over who should be caliph after the death of the prophet Muhammad. Islam split into two groups. The Shia (Shiite) thought that only members of Muhammads family could become caliphs. The Sunni thought it did not matter as long as they were good Muslims and strong leaders.
The Safavid Empire began when the Safavid leader Esmail conquered Persia and made himself shah, or king. He made Shiism the official religion of the empire
Eventually, most of the empire converted to the Shia form of Islam. Most of the worlds Shia Muslims are still located in this area today
*Shah Abbas "the Great"( ) Persian version of Suleiman built Persias first standing army regained territory formerly lost to the Ottoman Empire
Safavids reach their peak of power under Shah Abbas 1. He continued to fight with Ottoman Empire for many years 2. After his death (1629), the Safavid Empire began its decline.
Safavids had vibrant middle class Greatest area of productivity in Safavid Empire was textiles Carpets were prized all over the world