2The Safavid Empire blended Persian cultural traditions with Shia Islam.
3What is Shia Islam?A conflict arose over who should be caliph after the death of the prophet Muhammad.Islam split into two groups.The Shia (Shiite) thought that only members of Muhammad’s family could become caliphs.The Sunni thought it did not matter as long as they were good Muslims and strong leaders.
4The Safavid EmpireThe Safavid Empire began when the Safavid leader Esma’il conquered Persia and made himself shah, or king.He made Shiism the official religion of the empire
5ReligionEventually, most of the empire converted to the Shi’a form of Islam. Most of the world’s Shi’a Muslims are still located in this area today
6Key Leaders Persian version of Suleiman *Shah Abbas "the Great"( )Persian version of Suleimanbuilt Persia’s first standing armyregained territory formerly lost to the Ottoman Empire
7Shah AbbasSafavids reach their peak of power under Shah Abbas 1. He continued to fight with Ottoman Empire for many years 2. After his death (1629), the Safavid Empire began its decline.
8Safavids had vibrant middle class TradeSafavids had vibrant middle classGreatest area of productivity in Safavid Empire was textilesCarpets were prized all over the world