Presentation on theme: "United States Involvement in Southwest Asia (the Middle East)"— Presentation transcript:
1United States Involvement in Southwest Asia (the Middle East) What are the factors that led to the US participation in the Persian Gulf Conflict and the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq?This is a Reagan Durham and Lily Tischner Presentation
2There are 5 Reasons for the US to be in Southwest Asia Regional StabilityIsraelOilPreventing the Spread of Weapons of Mass DestructionHuman Rights and Justice Issues
4Regional Stability“Twin Pillar” strategy – based the promotion of regional stability and the defense of its geostrategic interests on close relationships with two friendly governments in the area, Saudi Arabia and Iran.1979 – Twin Pillar strategy dissolves when the Ayatollah Khomeini takes control of Iran. Very Anti-American.1979 – December – Soviets invade Afghanistan.1980 – Carter Doctrine – if any outside force tries to gain control of the Persian Gulf region will be regarded as an assault of the vital interests of the United States.1980 – Iraq / Iran War – U.S. sides with Iraq. 2 reasons why we supported Iraq – Why?
6Regional Stability Iraq is the perfect example of this Invades Kuwait for their oilSaddam Hussein could have controlled much of the world’s oilBorder nations were afraid they would be nextIn rides the USA!!!
7IsraelRemember that Israel was founded as a safe homeland for the Jews after WWIIThe US is home to millions of Jews as wellIt is the desire of millions for the US to protect IsraelIran has threatened to “annihilate” IsraelAs long as there is a real threat to Israel, the US will defend it
8Israel / IranFrom what we have learned in Mr. Yoder’s class on political cartoons, what can you tell me about the pictures on the stamps and the picture of Ahmadinejad of Iran?
9Oil We did not invade Iraq for its oil We did invade Iraq to protect the flow of oilIf we had attacked for the oil we would be a very rich nation right nowIf the oil had been shut off, we would be a very poor nation right now
10Preventing the Spread of Weapons of Mass Destruction It was thought that Iraq’s dictator, Saddam Hussein was trying to build weapons that would kill thousands at a time.This included nuclear, chemical, and germ weapons.While it is true that he was trying to get these weapons at one time, we now know he was probably not doing this when we invaded in 2003.
11Human Rights and Justice Issues Hussein killed hundreds of thousands of people in his own nation because they challenged his authority.He even gasses his own people – The KurdsThe government in Afghanistan forces women to wear the burqua and will not allow them to work if their husbands die or leaves them.Most governments are not democratic