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Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY.

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Presentation on theme: "Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

2 Saladin

3 Military leader …. “Kurdish” … northern Iraq - defeated the (western) European Crusaders AD … recaptured the city of Jerusalem - would remain in Muslim hands until tolerant … allowed Europeans to leave the Jerusalem … didn’t slaughter them … allowed Jews to resettle in part of Jerusalem … Jerusalem still open to religious pilgrims … Christian & Jewish - Cairo, Egypt … Damascus, Syria … cities protected … fortified walls

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6 One way in which the actions of Alexander the Great, Saladin, and Shaka Zulu are similar is that each implemented (1) military strategies to defeat opponents (2) constitutions to define political powers (3) policies to increase religious persecution (4) legal changes to protect human rights

7 One way in which the actions of Alexander the Great, Saladin, and Shaka Zulu are similar is that each implemented (1) military strategies to defeat opponents (2) constitutions to define political powers (3) policies to increase religious persecution (4) legal changes to protect human rights

8 Osman I (Othman):

9 The Golden Age of the Ottomans

10 Tamerlane ( ) or “Timur, the Lame”

11 Mehmet I:

12 The Ottoman Bureaucracy SULTAN Divans Social / Military Divans Heads of Individual Religious Millets Local Administrators & Military Landowners / Tax Collectors MuslimsJews Christians

13 Mehmet II: ; (“The Conqueror”)

14 The Ottoman Capital -- Constantinople

15 “Golden Horn” – 15c map

16 “Golden Horn” from space

17 “Golden Horn”

18 Sunset on the “Golden Horn”

19 The Fall of Constantinople: 1453

20 Europeans vs. Turks

21 The End of the Byzantine Empire

22 Hagia Sophia

23 Hagia Sophia - interior

24 Siege of Constantinople, 1453

25 Selim I, ”the Grim”:

26 Faith Mosque

27 Suleiman the Magnificent: ( ) Suleiman’s Signature

28 Suleiman the Magnificent ( ) Accomplishments: - House of Osman -3 wives ABSOLUTE -8 sons … “hereditary ABSOLUTE monarchy”

29 Suleiman the Magnificent ( ) Accomplishments: -Longest reigning Sultan (King … absolute monarch) - central control of Ottoman Empire … 46 years - started reign at Age 16 - just like in Europe during Feudalism -Nickname “the Law giver” -Spoke 5 languages

30 Suleiman the Magnificent ( ) Accomplishments: -Nickname “the Law giver” -Sharia (Islamic law) strongly influenced Ottoman Govt. law according to Suleiman -+ BUT ALSO … “Kanun’s” … law according to Suleiman “Kanun-i- Osmani” -- - covered Criminal cases, land tenure + taxation - specific fines … for specific offenses - corrupt officials had their land & property taken away issued 1 Law code - based on previous 9 Sultans (Kings) - eliminated contradictions + yet did NOT violate the Sharia -Religious toleration - protected the Jews

31 Suleiman the Magnificent ( ) Accomplishments: -“Golden Age of Islam” during his reign - - art, literature & architecture - painters, book binders, furriers (fur traders), jewelers, goldsmiths - Suleiman … poet & proverbs … “Everyone aims at the same meaning, but many are the versions of the story” … “The people think of wealth & power as the greatest fete, yet in this world a spell of health if the best state” … What men call sovereignty is a worldly strife & constant war”

32 Suleiman the Magnificent ( ) Accomplishments: -“Golden Age of Islam” during his reign - - city of Constantinople - center of Islamic civilization - bridges, mosques, palaces - over 300 monuments throughout Ottoman Empire - - Jerusalem - “restored” the “Dome of the Rock” - Mecca - renovated “the Kaaba” - Damascus (Syria) … built the city

33 Suleiman the Magnificent ( ) Accomplishments: -Education: - free - largely for boys - schools attached to mosques WAY AHEAD of western Europe -Universities -- graduates become “imams” (religious scholars) & teachers -Educational “centers” often surrounded by: -- courtyards … fountains … soup kitchens … even hospitals

34 Suleiman the Magnificent ( ) Accomplishments: -Military leader -Conquered most of Balkan Peninsula -Including Greece, Yugoslavia, Hungary & Romania - - finally defeated at Vienna, Austria a “formidable” nation / presence in Europe as well as Asia -Ruled most of the Middle East - Iraq, Arabian Peninsula, including Yemen + parts of western Iran - controlled the Red Sea -+ large portions of northern Africa - as far west as Morocco -Contact with Mughal rulers in southern Asia

35 Suleiman the Magnificent ( )

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38 Qur’an Page: Arabic Calligraphy

39 Blue Mosque

40 Blue Mosque - interior

41 Prayer Rug, 16c Ottoman Empire

42 Calligraphy

43 Conversations Between Muslims & Christians

44 Scholars at the Galata Observatory (Suleiman’s Constantinople), 1557

45 Collection of Taxes in Suleiman’s Court

46 Illuminated Qur’an Page

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48 Captured the city of Constantinople in 1453 Benefited from rich trade along the Mediterranean Sea Ruled by Suleiman the Lawgiver 2. Which empire best fits these descriptions? (1) Roman (3) Mongol (2) Ottoman (4) Songhai

49 Captured the city of Constantinople in 1453 Benefited from rich trade along the Mediterranean Sea Ruled by Suleiman the Lawgiver 2. Which empire best fits these descriptions? (2) Ottoman (1) Roman (3) Mongol (2) Ottoman (4) Songhai

50 Akbar the Great, Suleiman the Magnificent, and Louis XIV are all rulers associated with (1) natural rights (3) religious toleration (2) filial piety (4) absolutism

51 Akbar the Great, Suleiman the Magnificent, and Louis XIV are all rulers associated with (1) natural rights (3) religious toleration (2) filial piety (4) absolutism

52 One way in which Suleiman the Magnificent and Akbar the Great are similar is that they both brought about periods of (1) political stability and religious tolerance (2) religious conquest and persecution (3) isolationism and cultural stagnation (4) modernization and political disunity

53 One way in which Suleiman the Magnificent and Akbar the Great are similar is that they both brought about periods of (1) political stability and religious tolerance (2) religious conquest and persecution (3) isolationism and cultural stagnation (4) modernization and political disunity

54 Qur’an Page: Abraham’s Sacrifice of Isaac

55 Qur’an Page: The Angel Gabriel Visits Muhammad

56 Janissaries

57 The Ottoman Empire During the 16 c


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