Presentation on theme: "Intercepts Intercepts measure where a crystal face hits a crystal axis. The location on the axes corresponding to unit lengths is arbitrary and chosen."— Presentation transcript:
Intercepts Intercepts measure where a crystal face hits a crystal axis. The location on the axes corresponding to unit lengths is arbitrary and chosen for simplicity and convenience Axes usually radiate from the center in a right hand rule arrangement Axes pass through centers or edges
Intercepts are relative sizes “The intercepts of a face have no relation to its size, for a face may be moved parallel to itself for any distance without changing the relative values of its intersections with the crystallographic axes.” K&D p. 133
Miller Indices from Intercepts “The Miller Indices of a face consist of a series of whole numbers that have been derived from the intercepts by inverting, and if necessary by the clearing of fractions.” “The Miller Indices [also] express a ratio ….” K&D p133
Problem: find the Miller Index for a face with intercepts 2a, 2b, 2/3c 1.Invert the indices: ½ ½ 3/2 2. This is a ratio. If we multiply all terms by a constant, the ratio remains the same. Let’s multiply by 2 to clear the fractions: (1 1 3)
Miller Indices for horizontal and vertical faces A face perpendicular to one axis may be considered to intersect the others at infinity. For example, for a face perpendicular to the c-axis (aka a 3 -axis) the [positive side] index would be (001).
Problem: find the Miller Index for this face with intercepts ∞ a 1, ∞a 2, 1a 3 1.Invert the indices: Since 1/∞ = 0 and 1/1 = 1 we have 0/1 0/1 1/1 2. Clear fractions by multiplying through by 1 (0 0 1) The colored face is parallel to a1 and a2, meeting them only at ∞
Miller Indices for faces parallel to two axes A face parallel to two axes may be considered to intersect the other at unity. For example, for a face parallel to the a-axis and c-axis (or a 1 and a 3 ) the [positive side] index would be (010).
Miller Indices for faces parallel to one axis If a face is parallel to one of the crystallographic axes, a zero “0” is used (because 1/infinity = 0) For example, for a face parallel to the a-axis, the [positive side] Miller Index could be (011)
Faces that intersect axes on their negative side. “For faces that intersect negative ends of crystallographic axes, a bar is placed over the appropriate number…. The bar represents the minus sign in a negative number