2 The Wireless LAN Market Wireless local area network (WLAN) market. Expected to reach US$4.6 billion by 2005. WLAN product shipments should increase by over US$600 million per year from 2001 to 2005. The 802.11b products have been especially successful in penetrating the education, hospitality, healthcare and financial environments.
3 History of Wireless LANs 1830: Professor Joseph Henry transmitted the first practical electrical signal. 1969: The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) of the U.S. DoD was the world's first operational packet Switched network.
4 History of Wireless LANs 1970: ALOHAnet was developed at the University of Hawaii. First wireless packet-switched network. First network to connect to the ARPANET in 1972. Star topology using 9600 Baud modems. Shared signal system using carrier sense multiple access. The ALOHAnet used two 100 kHz "channels" at 407.350 MHz and 413.475 MHz.
5 History of Wireless LANs 1985: Federal Communication Commission (FCC). Authorized license- free spread spectrum wireless equipment in three ISM bands. 900 MHz band, (900 to 928 MHz range) 2.4 GHz band, (2.4 to 2.483 GHz range) 5 GHz band, (5.725 to 5.850 GHz range)
6 History of Wireless LANs 1997: Federal Communication Commission (FCC). Authorized license- free spread spectrum wireless equipment in three U-NII bands. 5.15 to 5.25 GHz 5.25 to 5.35 GHz 5.725 to 5.825 GHz
7 Today’s Wireless LAN Standards 1865: The International Telecommunication Union. Radiocommunication (ITU-R) Telecommunication Standardization (ITU-T) Telecommunication Development (ITU-D)
8 Today’s Wireless LAN Standards 1934: The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent United States government agency. FCC is charged with regulating interstate and international communications by radio, television, wire, satellite and cable.
9 Today’s Wireless LAN Standards Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., IEEE, (Eye-triple-E). IEEE is non-profit, technical professional association of more than 380,000 individual members in 150 countries. IEEE has nearly 900 active standards with 700 under development.
10 Today’s Wireless LAN Standards 1999: The Wi-Fi Alliance is a nonprofit international association formed to certify interoperability of wireless Local Area Network products based on IEEE 802.11 specification. 210 member companies from around the world 865 products have received Wi-Fi® certification. The goal of the Wi-Fi Alliance's members is to enhance the user experience through product interoperability.
11 Today’s Wireless LAN Standards 1997: IEEE 802.11 Original wireless LAN standard Up to 2Mbps in the 2.4GHz band Modulation: FHSS or DSSS Security: WEP & WPA Compatible with b and g
12 Today’s Wireless LAN Standards 1999: IEEE 802.11b Up to 11Mbps in the 2.4GHz band Modulation: DSSS with CCK Security: WEP & WPA “Wi-Fi Certified” Compatible with 802.11 and g
13 Today’s Wireless LAN Standards 1999: IEEE 802.11a Up to 54Mbps in the 5GHz band Modulation: OFDM Security: WEP & WPA “Wi-Fi Certified” Not Compatible with 802.11, b and g
14 Today’s Wireless LAN Standards 2003: IEEE 802.11g Up to 54Mbps in the 2.4GHz band Modulation: OFDM above 20Mbps, DSSS with CCK below 20Mbps Security: WEP & WPA “Wi-Fi Certified” Compatible with 802.11 and b
15 Today’s Wireless LAN Standards 1998: Bluetooth Up to 2Mbps in the 2.45GHz Modulation: FHSS Security: PPTP, SSL or VPN The Infrared Data Association, IrDA, is a nonprofit organization whose goal is to develop globally adopted specifications for infrared wireless communication.
16 Three-Tier Network Design Model A hierarchical network design model described by Cisco Systems, Inc. Core Layer Distribution Layer Access Layer
17 Access Layer Access Layer: The layer in which users connect to the rest of the network. The access layer usually includes a relatively large number of low- to medium-speed access ports. This is the layer where many wireless devices and protocols reside. Access Layer
18 Access Role Access Point Network Server Network Printer Clients Wired Network Wireless Network Admin Host
19 Distribution Layer The Distribution Layer distributes network traffic between related access layers, it is often the layer in which you define subnets. For wireless… think bridging. Distribution Layer
20 Distribution Role Point-to-Point Links Transmission Path Building #1 Building #2 Antenna #1 Antenna #2
21 Core Layer The Core Layer facilitates the efficient transfer of data between interconnected distribution layers. The core layer typically functions as the high-speed backbone of the enterprise network. Core Layer
22 Core Role Access Point Network Server Network Printer Clients Network Core Wireless Network Admin Host Poor Speed and Resiliency
23 Network Extension Access Point First Floor Second Floor Third Floor
24 Last Mile Data Delivery WISP Antenna Residential Homes Shopping Mall Hot Spot WISP Antenna
25 MobilityMobility Access Point Network Server Sales Office Wired Network Warehouse Roaming
26 Small Office – Home Office Wall or Divider Laptop Access Point Workstation Internet Connection
27 Mobile Office Campus Main Building Portables Point-to-Multipoint Links
28 SummarySummary Wireless Networking History Advances in Wireless Networking Reduced costs and increased availability FCC, IEEE, WI-FI Alliance IEEE – 802.11, 802.11a, 802.11b, 802.11g Wireless Networking: Core, Distribution and Access Layers WISP