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Bell ringer 1.Get with your groups and be ready to present your political cartoon! 2.Make sure you have all of your papers (role sheets, written description,

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Presentation on theme: "Bell ringer 1.Get with your groups and be ready to present your political cartoon! 2.Make sure you have all of your papers (role sheets, written description,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Bell ringer 1.Get with your groups and be ready to present your political cartoon! 2.Make sure you have all of your papers (role sheets, written description, and cartoon) 3.Get out your Expansion of President Chart (with the five presidents).

2 Presentation time! Presidential Cartoons – On the back of your worksheet: Which President? Summarize what is seen in political cartoon. List the: Type of humor used List the symbols used


4 The Bureaucracy The Invisible Government

5 Bureaucracy A large organization structured hierarchically to carry out specific functions to make it more efficient Bureaucrat A person who works for an organization, has defined duties and responsibilities

6 Features of a Bureaucracy 1. Hierarchical authority – built on a pyramid with a chain of command Benefits: speeds action, reduces conflict over decisions

7 Features of a Bureaucracy 2. Job specialization – bureaucrat has defined duties with a precise division of labor Benefits: each person has own job and gains specialized skills

8 Features of a Bureaucracy 3. Formal rules – does work according to set of regulations and procedures Benefits: decisions based on these, can do things even if people leave

9 The Federal Bureaucracy What is the federal bureaucracy?

10 The Federal Bureaucracy is:  4 million employees; 2.8 million are civilians or “civil servants”  President only appoints 3% (patronage or political appointments)  15 cabinet level departments  200+ independent agencies with 2,000+ bureaus, divisions, branches, etc.  Biggest - Dept. of Defense, U.S. Postal Service, Veterans Administration

11 Bureaucrats at Work

12 Image of Bureaucracy People have a very negative image of government bureaucracy—Why? Faceless Nameless “red tape” (Compare the agent at the DMV to a cell phone customer service rep) (What do we think of when we think of a fireman) “…we expect bureaucracies not merely to expend maximum effort in solving societal problems but to dispose of them entirely, whether solvable or not.” Charles Goodsell

13 The Federal Bureaucracy How is the federal bureaucracy organized?

14 The Federal Bureaucracy Consists of 1.Executive Office of the President 2.Cabinet Departments 3.Independent Agencies Independent Executive Agencies Independent Regulatory Commissions 4.Government Corporations

15 The Name Game Department: agencies of cabinet rank Agency: refers to any governmental body. Identify a major unit headed by a single administrator of near- cabinet status (Environmental Protection Agency) Administration: refers to any governmental body (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) Commission: agencies charged with regulation of business activities (Federal Communications Commissions) Corporation/Authority: agencies that conduct business- like activities (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation)

16 Federal Bureaucracy President Congress Executive Office of the President (Ex: OMB, NSC) Government Corporations (Ex: Amtrack, Postal Service) Independent Regulatory Commissions (Ex: FCC, SEC) Independent Executive Agencies (Ex: CIA, NASA) Cabinet Departments (Ex: State, Defense)

17 Organization of the U.S. Government “No government ever voluntarily reduces itself in size. Government programs, once launched, never disappear. Actually, a government bureau is the nearest thing to eternal life we’ll ever see on this earth!” Ronald Reagan, 1964


19 Bell Ringer Define bureaucracy and explain the three features of it.

20 The Executive Office of the President Why it matters? Composed of President’s closest advisors and several support agencies. Chief executive’s right arm in the formation and execution of nation’s public policies.

21 The White House Office 1.Purpose: Nerve center for entire executive branch 2.Why Critical: Presidents most trusted advisors Influential in determining national policy 3.How Helps: Advisors gather information in area of expertise and present to the President

22 The National Security Council (NSA) 1.Purpose: Advises President on National Security 2.Why Critical: President consults with top advisors in group before making most major steps in foreign affairs 3.How Helps: Help President formulate foreign policy based on President’s priorities

23 Office of Management and Budget 1.Purpose: Prepare federal budget submitted annually to Congress 2.Why Critical: Detailed work plan for conduct of government. Study organization and management Keeps President informed on other agencies 3.How Helps: Allocated to programs according to President’s priorities Helps take stand on legislation



26 Bell Ringer If you were an advisor to the President in the National Security Counsel how would you advise the President to react to the situation in the Ukraine? Explain (3 sentences).

27 Current White House Staff Chief of Staff: Chief of Staff: Dennis McDonough Dennis McDonough Press Secretary: Press Secretary: Jay Carney Jay Carney

28 The Executive Departments Why it matters? Fifteen executive departments carry out much of the Federal Government’s work. The heads of these departments frequently meet with the President and other officials as the Cabinet.

29 Organization Headed by Secretary (or Attorney General) Deputy Secretary aids Secretary Divided into smaller units Agencies have offices around country Largest: Department of Defense Newest: Department of Homeland Security

30 Organization of Homeland Security Agencies after 9/11

31 The Cabinet Who is it? Group of advisors to the President 15 total heads of the Executive Departments Choosing Members: President appoints (confirmed by Senate) Factors: party, experience, abilities, gender, race Cabinet’s Role: Administrative head of one of the executive departments Together advisors to the president

32 Secretary of Ag. Thomas Vilsack Secretary of Commerce Penny Pritzker Secretary of Education Arne Duncan Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz Secretary of Health/Human Services Kathleen Sebelius

33 Secretary of Housing/ Urban Development Shaun Donovan Attorney General Eric Holder Secretary of Labor Thomas Perez Secretary of Homeland Sec. Jeh Johnson Secretary of Interior Sally Jewell Secretary of State John Kerry

34 Secretary of Transportation Anthony Foxx Secretary of Treasury Jack Lew Secretary of Veterans Affairs Eric Shinseki

35 Exit Ticket Do you believe the E.O.P or the Cabinet are more influential in helping the President make decisions? Why?


37 Bell Ringer How many current Cabinet Departments do we have? Which do you think has the biggest influence on the President? Why?

38 Dept. of Veterans Affairs Dept. of Treasury Dept. of Transportation State Dept. Dept. of Labor Dept. of Justice Dept. of Interior Dept. Agriculture Dept. Homeland Security Dept. Housing/Urban Dev. Dept. Health/Human Services Dept. Education Dept. Energy Dept. Defense Dept. Commerce


40 Exit Ticket Which agency are you doing? What is one fact you have found out about the agency?

41 Bell Ringer Why are Independent Agencies needed? List the three types and define them.

42 Independent Agencies Why it matters? 150 executive branch agencies are not located in 15 departments Some rival Cabinet departments in size of budget, functions, and number of employees

43 Why Independent Agencies? Agencies don’t fit within departments To protect agencies from political party pressures Accident Peculiar nature of functions

44 Independent Executive Agencies Define: include most independent agencies organized like Cabinet departments But DO NOT have Cabinet status Examples: Civil Rights Commission, Federal Election Commission, American Battle Monuments Commission, Citizens’ Stamp Advisory Committee

45 Independent Regulatory Commissions Define: Stand out because beyond reach of presidential direction and control because structured by Congress 10 total agencies Created to regulate, or police, important aspects of the nation’s economy Examples: Security Exchange Commission (SEC), Federal Reserve

46 Government Corporations Define: Within executive branch and subject to Presidential control Set up like a private corporation Run by board of directors with manager Produce Income that is put back into the business President selects with Senate confirmation Examples: FDIC, Post Office, Export-Import Bank of the U.S.

47 Civil Service People who perform administrative work for government 2.7 million people – not appointed by the President, but hired separately Development: Patronage: Giving jobs to supporters and friends (Jefferson) Spoils System: Giving offices and other favors of government to political supports and friends (Jackson) Today: The Office of Personnel Management Central clearinghouse in federal recruiting, examining, and hiring process Advertises for employees, examines those who apply, keeps registers, and contacts potential employees.

48 Central Intelligence Agency: Director - John O. Brennan Consumer Product Safety Commission: Commissioner Bob Adler Environmental Protection Agency: Administrator Gina McCarthy Federal Communications Commission: Chairman Tom Wheeler Federal Election Commission: Chairman Lee E. Goodman Federal Emergency Management Agency: W. Craig Fugate

49 Federal Trade Commission: Chairwoman Edith Ramirez National Transportation Safety Board: Chairman Deborah Hersman Nuclear Regulatory Commission: Chairman Allison M. Macfarlane Federal Energy Regulatory Comm.: Chairman Cheryl A. Lafleur National Labor Relations Board: Chairman Marc G Pearce Social Security Admin.: Commissioner Carolyn W. Colvin

50 NASA: Administrator Major Charles F. Bolden, Jr. Peace Corps: Director Carrie Hessler-Radelet Civil Rights Commission: Chairman Martin R. Castro

51 Bell Ringer First, define what the civil service is. Next, looking at this chart, what can you say about the profile of civil service employees?

52 Extra Credit What are the 15 Cabinet Departments? (List as many as you can)

53 Exit Ticket When is your: Project Due? Test?

54 Unit 4 – part 1 study guide Roles of the President – Chief Executive: Chief Diplomat: Commander in Chief: Chief of State: Chief Citizen: Chief of Party: Chief Legislator: Chief Administrator: Presidential Qualifications – Presidential Term/Term limits (22nd Amendment) – Pay and Benefits – Succession – 25th Amendment Presidential Succession Act of 1947: Order of Succession: Vice Presidency – Roles Electing the President – Electors (amount needed): Electoral College (positives and negatives): Powers of the President – Formal: Informal: Executive Powers: Ordinance Power Executive Order: Executive Agreement: Executive Privilege: Appointment Power Removal Power Judicial Powers: Powers of Clemency Reprieve Pardon Power of Commutation Power of Amnesty Legislative Powers: Military Powers: Diplomatic Powers Treaties Executive Agreements How these powers have expanded: Bureaucracy – Define: Bureaucrat: Features of a Bureaucracy: Differences between departments, agencies, commissions, administrations, and corporations: Executive Office of the President: Purpose White House Office National Security Council Office of Management and Budget Other agencies Executive Departments: Purpose Growth Criteria Appointment 15 Cabinet Departments Independent Agencies: Purpose Independent Executive Agencies Independent Regulatory Commissions Government Corporations Civil Service: Purpose Patronage Spoils System Office of Personnel Management

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