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Understanding Modern Architecture in Chicago Paul McLeod 18 April 2012
State Street, looking south, 1907, Library of Congress Image
Human Evolutionary Tree
Chicago Fire, 1871
Burn Zone, Chicago, 1871
Water Tower, 1869, W.W. Boyington
Typical post-fire architecture, 1870s
Louis Henri Sullivan (1856-1924)
Louis Sullivan (Adler & Sullivan), Borden Block, 1880, Chicago, IL Demolished 1917
Jewelers Block, 1882 Louis Sullivans earliest extant building
H.H. Richardson, (1838-1886)
H.H. Richardson, Glessner House, Chicago, IL, 1886-87
H.H. Richardson, Marshall Field Warehouse, Chicago, IL, 1885-1887 (Demolished 1930)
Chicago Historical Society, 1892, Henry Ives Cobb
Daniel Burnham (1846-1912)
Burnham & Root, WCTU building, 1891, Chicago, IL Demolished 1926
Burnham & Root, The Rookery, 1885-88, Chicago, IL
Burnham & Root, Monadnock Building, 1888-1891, Chicago, IL
Projecting Bays on Dearborn Street, 1890s – Before the curtain wall
William LeBarron Jenney, Home Insurance Building, 1883, Chicago, IL First steel-framed skyskyskraper Demolished, 1932 Sears Building, 1890
Louis Sullivan, Auditorium, 1887-89, Chicago, IL
Louis Sullivan (Adler & Sullivan), Wainwright Building, 1890-91, St. Louis, MO
Louis Sullivan, Gage Block, 1898, Chicago, IL
Louis Sullivan, Carson Pirie Scott Department Store, 1899- 1904, Chicago, IL
Sullivan at Graceland Cemetery
Architectural Fragments, Chicago Art Institute
World’s Columbian Exposition architectural committee, Chicago, 1892
The White City, Chicago, 1893
Louis Sullivan, Transportation Building, Chicago World’s Fair, 1893
Burnham Plan, 1909
Axis leading to Buckingham Fountain
Chicago Art Institute, 1892, Shepley, Rutan, & Coolidge
Chicago Public Library, 1897, Shepley, Rutan & Coolidge
Field Museum, 1912, D.H. Burnham & Co
Union Station, 1925, Graham, Burnham & Co
Burnham & Root/ Daniel Burnham, 1890/1894, Reliance Building, Chicago, IL
Marshall Field Store, Daniel Burnham, 1893-1907
Daniel Burnham, 1902, Flat Iron building, New York, NY
Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959), Part 1 of his life (1902) and Part 2 of his life (1950s)
Frank Lloyd Wright, Unity Temple, 1902-04, Oak Park, IL
Frank Lloyd Wright, Heurtley House, 1901, Oak Park, IL
Frank Lloyd Wright, Robie House, 1909, Chicago, IL
Frank Lloyd Wright, Robie House, 1909, Oak Park, IL
Cass Gilbert, Woolworth Building, 1913, New York, NY Howells & Hood, Chicago Tribune Tower, 1922-25, Chicago, IL
“Losing” entries for the Chicago Tribune Tower competition, 1922: Eliel Saarinen on left, Walter Gropius in center.
Howells & Hood, Chicago Tribune Tower, 1922-25, Chicago Howells & Hood, McGraw Hill Building, 1930, New York, NY
Art Deco Skyscrapers: Chicago Board of Trade, Carbide & Carbon Bldg, both 1929-30
Art Deco ornament, late 1920s
Late Art Deco (aka Streamlined Moderne), late 1930s
Mies, Federal Center, 1959-74
Bertrand Goldberg, Marina City, 1964
Late Modern Skyscrapers, John Hancock Tower (1969), Sears Tower (1974), both SOM
Postmodernism, Washington Public Library, 1987
Deconstructivism of Frank Gehry
Thanks for the parks, Burnham!
016 EARLY MODERNISM The Chicago School –Chicago fire – 1871 –Rapid growth, high cost of land –Elevator, 1850’s – 1860’s, 8 – 16 floor buildings Curtain.
Chicago LOOP Architecture. Delaware, Jewelers Dearborn St. Station, Fine Arts.
History Chicago Architecture This project present by: ChoiKarinaKhwanrutai.
The Invention of the office Skyscraper. Marshall Fields Warehouse Chicago, Illinois, Henry Hobson Richardson dies on April 27, 1886 at age 47.
20 th Century Architecture (Part I). Late 19 th -Century 1. Cast Iron: Paxton1. Cast Iron: Paxton Eiffel Eiffel 2. Sullivan and the skyscraper2. Sullivan.
The Late Nineteenth Century. The Crystal Palace, 1851.
Characteristics of Urbanization During the Gilded Age 1.Megalopolis 2.Mass Transit 3.Economic and social opportunities 4.Pronounced class distinctions.
Impact of Technology From Victorian Gothic to Skyscrapers.
Chapter Sixteen Examples Twentieth-Century Architecture Art timeline images for study and discussion.
Characteristics of Urbanization During the Gilded Age 1.Megalopolis. 2.Mass Transit. 3.Magnet for economic and social opportunities. 4.Pronounced class.
Architecture in the Gilded Age
By: Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY.
The Parthenon, Iktinos & Kallikrates, Athens, 440 BCE.
Red House, Philip Webb: House in Hampstead, Norman Shaw:
CHICAGO. “THE CHICAGO MIRACLE “In 1830 there were probably more pigs than houses in Chicago: its population was about 300.” 1850 population: 29,963 (570.3%
Stimson House, Los Angeles, Buhl Mansion, Sharon, PA, 1891.
Chapter 6: Reaching New Heights. Reaching New Heights: 100,000 people left homeless from the fire The city passes an ordinance banning the construction.
Characteristics of Urbanization During the Gilded Age 1.Megalopolis 2.Mass Transit 3.Magnet for economic and social opportunities 4.Pronounced class distinctions.
20 th century architecture. De Stijl (style) Dutch “The style”, 20 th century art movement founded by painter Piet Mondrian who promoted utopian ideals.
Sweet Home Chicago. The Chicago River The Chicago River dyed green for St. Patrick’s Day.
19 th Century Architecture Architectural History ACT 322 Doris Kemp.
History of Chicago Skyscrapers Keith Johnsen.
Prepared by Dr. Hazem Abu-Orf, Theories of Architecture(EAPS4202) Lecturer 4 19 th Century Architecture (Part 3) Chicago School of Architecture.
Final Exam – 20 th Century Building Identifications – 10 identifications/5 points each During the Final you will be given 1-1/2 minutes to look at each.
Frank Lloyd Wright American Architect. Photo of Frank Lloyd Wright 1958.
The City of Big Shoulders. Modern Architecture – Post WW II.
Day 43 Science and Urban Life Homework Technology Skyscrapers – steel, elevator Architects- Louis Sullivan (Wainwright Building) Frank Lloyd.
GILDED AGE – ARTS/ENTERTAINMENT/LEISURE(cont.) Other forms of entertainment/leisure also emerged for urban dwellers – we will focus on Museums, Expositions,
Unit #2: Industrialization & Rise to World Power PHOTO JOURNAL America at the Turn of the Century.
The City of Big Shoulders. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.
The Changing City Pgs The Changing City Even with their many problems, cities came to stand for all that was good in industrial America. Besides.
Turn of the Century American Architecture ( ) By Laura Proctor, Amy Johnson, and Kate Matney.
19th Century Architecture -revivalism-
Urbanization As Seen Through Late 19c - Early 20c Architecture.
Chicago, June 10, 1922 International Design Competition for the Chicago’s new headquartes. The Chicago Tribune, thecity's oldest and most important newspaper,
Topic 5: Cultural Innovations 1838—Rialto Theater 1838—Rialto Theater 1846—St. Patrick’s Day 1846—St. Patrick’s Day 1847— Chicago Tribune 1847— Chicago.
Historical Development of Skyscrapers in the US
Architecture of the Early 20 th Century. Key Ideas Introduction of new building materials allowed architects to break from the traditional mold of building.
Growth of the Cities: The Challenges of Urban Life.
Science and Urban Life Section 16*1 pp
Chapter 16: Twentieth Century Architecture Modernism 16
Evolving Modernism and the response. Modern typologies Screen Mirror Brutalist and Arrested Rust Sheathing Geometric Sculptural Hi-Tech.
Information and Pictures were found on the Library of Congress website!Library of Congress Frank Lloyd Wright.
a building with architectural detail Dalton building.
Modern Architecture and Design of the 20 th Century Gerrit Rietveld Red-Blue Chair 1917.
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