Exams Multiple choice questions, true & false questions, listening section Quizzes Based on the music on the CDs Listening (active listening!) identify & know historical information know what to listen for--the musical components you hear Be sure to keep up with your listening (on syllabus) For LG# (Listening Guide) see Machlis inside covers
Activities (1-3): Number 1 Interview with a Musician fill out the form and attach a 1-2 page typed commentary Due 1/30
Second Activity Music Journal for 4 days you record the times you hear music fill out the form and attach a 1-2 page typed commentary (see instructions) Due 3/20
Third Activity Viewing Opera or Musical Theater from Home due 4/10
Concert Report Attend a concert of western art music There are many free concerts on campus this term Turn in a 2-3 paged, typed essay on the music and musical experience Discuss elements and the relationship of works (music) you hear to the works we studied in class Due 4/24
Concert announcement WHEN: Thursday, January 16, 2003 @ 7:15PM WHERE: CU-Boulder Macky Auditorium WHAT: Boulder Philharmonic Orchestra Open Rehearsal TICKETS: $1 per ticket, available at the door
Contact information Office: N 147 Office hours: W 3-4, TH 2:30-3:30 (and by appointment) Office Phone: (303)492-8219
The ELEMENTS of MUSIC MELODY RHYTHM HARMONY TEXTURE FORM DYNAMICS/TEMPO TIMBRE
Melody succession of single tones (pitches) the mind perceives as a unit Horizontal element (what you usually end up humming)
Melody Range-- distance between lowest and highest notes Wide range: “Star-Spangled Banner” Narrow range: “Shall we Gather at the River”
Melodic Shape Shape-- direction (up, down, wave, arch) “Joy to the World” opens with? …descending/ascending Barber’s Adagio … long arch
Melodic movement Conjunct : stepwise movement Steps of the scale “Joy to the World” conjunct Disjunct: leaps between pitches of more than a few steps Brahms “Violin Concerto” (first you hear conjunct, then disjunct)
Melodic Phrase Phrase: a unit of meaning (like a sentence) Symmetrical (balanced) Asymmetrical (unbalanced) The phrase ends with (and therefore is defined by) cadences (like a period) Cadences: musical points of rest Usually governed by rhythm and harmony “Amazing Grace” 4 phrases (with 4 cadences)
Rhythm Rhythm-how music is organized in time 1. beat-or pulse, basic unit of length, regular clocklike pattern 2. meter- the measurement of time in music: groupings of beats with accented patterns a) duple meter-ONE two : ONE two … etc. b) triple meter- One two three: One two three …etc.
What kinds of meter are these? Sousa, Stars and Stripes Forever Star Spangled Banner
Rhythmic activity Upbeat, a phrase begins on the last beat of a measure (or on a part of it) see “America, the Beautiful” Syncopation, accent occurs on weak beat, or anywhere unexpected Very prominent in Folk, Ragtime, Jazz, Rock 20th century music of Western tradition (Stravinsky, Bartok-- both influenced by Folk music) Example: Cakewalk
Rhythmic activity Non-metric, music that defies meter Example: Gregorian Chant Example “Haec dies” Polyrhythmic, simultaneous use of different rhythmic patterns Common in African music & 20th c Western music
For next class Read assigned pages in book on elements of music.
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