Presentation on theme: "The Warren Court 1954-1969 By Rebecca Johnson. Chief Justice Earl Warren Chief Justice for 16 years (1954-1969) Warren painting (online image) available."— Presentation transcript:
The Warren Court By Rebecca Johnson
Chief Justice Earl Warren Chief Justice for 16 years ( ) Warren painting (online image) available ief_014warren.htm&usg=__Es9sWPmj8ydKsZBAuFNYeep4ICc=&h=400&w=310&sz=22&hl=en&start=1&sig2=xlJeBFZ6d6NeOJb_tQivSg&itbs=1&tbnid=g6EoO03mVyCwXM:&tbnh=124&tbnw =96&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dearl%2Bwarren%26hl%3Den%26gbv%3D2%26tbs%3Disch:1&ei=tLr5S_r8M8T7lwf_ytDLCg. 5/23/10. BUT as chief justice voted liberally on many civil rights cases – Opposed efforts to make CA’s state assembly more representative of its people – Pushed for Japanese Internment as Attorney General in California Previously had negative civil rights record
Brown vs. Board of Education 1954 Linda Brown walked 6 blocks to ride catch a bus to her segregated school 1 mile away. Rockwell painting (online image) available 5/23/10. Which civil right was being violated? An all white school was 7 blocks from her house but she was not allowed to attend 14 th amendment
Brown vs. Board of Education Rockwell painting (online image) available 5/23/10. Overturned Plessy v Fergusson and the idea of separate but equal
In 1961 Gideon stole $5 in change (from a jukebox) and some alcohol from a pool hall Couldn’t afford a lawyer & Florida did not provide them Sentenced to 5 years in jail, but researched legal rights and petitioned on prison notepaper. Gideon v Wainwright (1963) Gideon cartoon (online image) available 5/24/10.www.billofrightsinstitute.org/.../cartoon3.jpg. 5/24/10 Gideon (online image) available 5/24/10.http://www.pbs.org/wnet/supremecourt/rights/images/gideon.jpg. 5/24/10 Petition (online image) available 5/23/10.http://www.ocpd.state.ct.us/images/Gideon%20Petition.gif 6 th and 14 th amendments Which civil right was being violated?
Baker v. Carr 1962 Legislative districts HAD divided votes equally Tennessee (online image) available 5/24/10.http://nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/preview/congdist/pagecgd109_tn2.gif
Tennessee (online image) available 5/24/10.http://nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/preview/congdist/pagecgd109_tn2.gif Baker v. Carr 1962 BUT as many people moved to the city… The districts kept the same percentage of votes. This meant that the city (urban) votes counted ______ than the country (rural) votes Which civil right was being violated? 14th amendment
Mapp v. Ohio Mapp (online image) available 5/24/10.http://europeancourier.org/images/Mapp.jpg Ohio cops got a tip that Dollree Mapp was hiding a criminal, so they went to her house and demanded entrance. Mapp’s lawyer told her to demand a warrant which the cops did not have.
Mapp v. Ohio Cops came in anyway. Cops produced a fake warrant which Mapp shoved down her shirt. Didn’t find a criminal but found porn instead xxx Mapp arrested for possession of “obscene” material. Which civil right was being violated? 4 th and 14 th amendments
Engel v Vitale (1962) A public school in Hyde Park, NY required all kids to recite daily in school: School prayer (online image) available 5/24/10.http://www.constitutioncenter.org/timeline/flash/assets/asset_upload_file562_12288.jpg “Almighty God, we acknowledge our dependence upon Thee, and we beg Thy blessings upon us, our parents, our teachers and our country. Amen.” Which civil right was being violated? 1 st amendment
Miranda v Arizona (1966) 1963 Ernesto Miranda arrested for suspected kidnapping and rape of an 18- year-old woman Miranda (online image) available 5/24/10.http://www.pbs.org/wnet/supremecourt/timeline/images/timeline_pic17.jpg He signed a confession after 2 hours of confession. Never was informed of right to remain silent or right to lawyer Which civil right was being violated? 5 th amendment