Presentation on theme: "USH2 unit 4: Equality and Power Lesson 4.2 = The Warren Court."— Presentation transcript:
USH2 unit 4: Equality and Power Lesson 4.2 = The Warren Court
activate What rights would you have if you were arrested (hopefully this would never happen, but just imagine…..)
Setting the stage The Warren Court refers to the Supreme Court of the United States between 1953 and 1969, when Earl Warren served as Chief Justice. Warren led a liberal majority that used judicial power in dramatic fashion, to the consternation of his opponents. The Warren Court expanded civil rights, civil liberties, judicial power, and the federal power in dramatic ways. The court was both applauded and criticized for bringing an end to racial segregation in the United States, incorporating the Bill of Rights (i.e. including it in the 14th Amendment Due Process clause), and ending officially sanctioned voluntary prayer in public schools. The period is recognized as a high point in judicial power that has receded ever since, but with a substantial continuing impact.
WARREN COURT REFORMS IN 1953 EARL WARREN BECAME THE CHIEF JUSTICE OF THE SUPREME COURT HIS RULINGS WOULD RESHAPE AMERICAN SOCIETY: FORCED STATES TO REAPPORTION ELECTORAL DISTRICTS = GAVE VOTE = WEIGHT (Baker vs. Carr) USED 14 TH AMENDMENT TO APPLY BILL OF RIGHTS TO STATES = STATE COULD NOT DEPRIVE DUE PROCESS CAN’T TREAT PEOPLE UNFAIRLY = BROWN VS. BOARD OF EDUCATION = DESEGREGATION MAPP VS OHIO = CAN’T USE EVIDENCE OBTAINED ILLEGALLY GIDEON VS WAINWRIGHT = MUST PROVIDE LAWYER IF SUSPECT CAN’T AFFORD MIRANDA VS. ARIZONA = MUST READ RIGHTS WHEN ARRESTED, AND HAVE LAWYER PRESENT DURING MAPP VS. OHIO = MUST HAVE A SEARCH WARRANT TINKER VS. DESMOINES = FREE SPEECH IN SCHOOLS
Major Warren Court Cases Racial segregation: Brown v. Board of Education, Racial segregationBrown v. Board of Education Voting, redistricting, and malapportionment: Baker v. Carr VotingredistrictingmalapportionmentBaker v. Carr Criminal procedure: Mapp v. Ohio, Miranda v. Arizona, Gideon v. Wainwright Criminal procedureMapp v. OhioMiranda v. ArizonaGideon v. Wainwright Free speech: Tinker v. Des Moines School District Free speechTinker v. Des Moines School District Establishment Clause: Engel v. Vitale, Abington School District v. Schempp Establishment ClauseEngel v. VitaleAbington School District v. Schempp Cruel and unusual punishment: Trop v. Dulles, Robinson v. California Cruel and unusual punishmentTrop v. DullesRobinson v. California
Learning Log https://www.youtube.com /watch?v=vuEVAEy3xMU https://www.youtube.com /watch?v=vuEVAEy3xMU Today I learned………. What impact did chief Justice Earl Warren have on American Society? What law was established as a result of the Warren court decision in Gideon vs. Wainwright?