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200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 ENERGY TRANSFER CIRCUITS HEAT ENERGY TRANS FORMATION SERIES OR PARALLEL
Question Column 1-100 Materials that allow thermal or electrical energy to easily pass through them are called _______________
Answer Column 1-100 Conductors
Question Column 1-200 Conduction is energy transfer because two objects are ______________.
Answer Column 1-200 Touching
Question Column 1-300 Materials that do not allow thermal energy to pass through them easily are called _______________.
Answer Column 1-300 Insulators
Question Column 1-400 What type of energy transfer causes my feet to burn when I walk across the sandy beach?
Answer Column 1-400 Conduction
Question Column 1-500 Which of the following items would you predict to be conductors – eraser, spoon, silver earring, popsicle stick, battery.
Answer Column 1-500 Spoon, silver earring, battery
Question Column 2-100 For a light bulb to work, the circuit must be ______________.
Answer Column 2-100 Closed
Question Column 2-200 A device that can open or close a circuit by lifting the arm is called a
Answer Column 2-200 Switch
Question Column 2-300 Define a parallel circuit.
Answer Column 2-300 Each device has its own path.
Question Column 2-400 What happens to the other lights when you turn off a light in a series circuit and why?
Answer Column 2-400 The other lights turn off because there is only one path for the electric current so the circuit is now open.
Question Column 2-500 What happens to the brightness of the bulbs in a series circuit when you add another bulb and why?
Answer Column 2-500 The bulbs become dimmer because they share the energy from the battery.
Question Column 3-100 What is temperature?
Answer Column 3-100 How hot or cold something is
Question Column 3-200 What tool do scientists use to measure temperature?
Answer Column 3-200 Thermometer
Question Column 3-300 How does the heat energy move between hot chocolate and a marshmallow?
Answer Column 3-300 The heat energy goes from the hot chocolate to the marshmallow.
Question Column 3-400 Name a safety precaution when dealing with heat energy.
Answer Column 3-400 Use oven mitts, wear safety goggles, wear a lab coat, don’t touch hot water, etc.
Question Column 3-500 Using words and arrows, show the heat energy transfer from hot chocolate to your hand which is holding the cup.
Answer Column 3-500 Hot chocolate cup hand
Question Column 4-100 Identify the type of energy found in a battery.
Answer Column 4-100 Chemical
Question Column 4-200 Identify the type of energy when electrons are in motion.
Answer Column 4-200 Electrical energy
Question Column 4-300 List the energy transformation that takes place in the simple circuits we created in class.
Answer Column 4-300 Chemical energy to electrical energy to thermal energy to light energy.
Question Column 4-400 Using words and arrows, show the energy transformation that occurs when I turn on my Ipod.
Answer Column 4-400 Chemical energy electrical energy sound energy
Question Column 4-500 Using words and arrows, trace the energy transformation in our circuit with the buzzer.
Answer Column 4-500 Chemical energy electrical energy electromagnetic energy sound energy
Question Column 5-100 I have only one path for the electric current to travel.
Answer Column 5-100 Series Circuit
Question Column 5-200 If one light burns out, the other lights will stay lit.
Answer Column 5-200 Parallel circuit
Question Column 5-300 When another bulb is added, they each become dimmer.
Answer Column 5-300 Series Circuit
Question Column 5-400 If I plug in my Christmas tree lights, and I notice two do not work, they must be strung in this type of circuit.
Answer Column 5-400 Parallel Circuit
Question Column 5-500 Each device has its own path.
Answer Column 5-500 Parallel circuit
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