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Maria Hernandez NCSSM M.Hernandez TCM 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "Maria Hernandez NCSSM M.Hernandez TCM 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 Maria Hernandez NCSSM M.Hernandez TCM 2010

2 NCSSM Summer Symposium - Summer 2009 Focus: The Global Energy Crisis Interdisciplinary symposium for NCSSM online students: Math, Biology and Humanities Dr. Everett I. Baucom: “Do We Have an Energy Crisis” Deputy Director of NSF Science and Technology CERSP, UNC Research Triangle Energy Consortium – (RTEC) US Department of Energy, Duke University, UNC – Chapel Hill, North Carolina State University, North Carolina Central University, University of Florida and Research Triangle Institute. M.Hernandez TCM 2010

3 In the average U.S. home, lighting accounts for about 20% of the electric bill. Americans can save money and protect the environment by installing more efficient lighting. The easiest way to start saving energy is to change out the light bulbs in your current fixtures. M.Hernandez TCM 2010

4 We will explore how replacing traditional incandescent light bulbs with compact fluorescent light (CFL) bulbs can  save energy,  decrease CO2 emissions and  save money. M.Hernandez TCM 2010

5 Some questions to consider: 1. Suppose everyone in the US replaced an incandescent 60 Watt light bulb with a 15 Watt CFL bulb. Assume each bulb is on for 4 hours per day. a. How much energy would we save in one year? Let’s do the math… M.Hernandez TCM 2010

6 Environmental Benefits “ Over half of the electricity in the U.S. is generated by coal- fired power plants. The abundance of coal in the U.S. makes it one of the cheapest energy sources for power plants. The problem is that in addition to generating cheap electricity, coal-fired power plants also release massive amounts of carbon dioxide, the greenhouse gas linked to global warming. By replacing a few incandescent light bulbs with energy-efficient compact fluorescent light bulbs, you have an important role to play in the fight against global warming. ” M.Hernandez TCM 2010

7 Some questions to consider (continued): b. How many coal powered plants is our energy savings equivalent to? (Assume a 500 Mega Watt coal powered plant) Let’s do the math… M.Hernandez TCM 2010

8 c. How much could we be saving in terms of CO2 emissions if we adopted this practice? Assume that a 500Mw plant uses 250 tons of coal per hour and that coal is 65% carbon. The atomic weight of carbon is 12 and the molecular weight of CO2 is 44. M.Hernandez TCM 2010

9 d. Since the population of the US is increasing exponentially, our energy savings would also increase exponentially if we replaced an incandescent 60 Watt light bulb with a 15 Watt CFL bulb each time we added a member to the household. How much energy would we save 10 years from now in 2020? M.Hernandez TCM 2010

10 e. The savings you calculated for the year 2010 and the year 2020 are significant. ◦ How much total energy would we save over the 10-year time span (count from the beginning of 2010 to the end of 2020)? ◦ How many coal powered plants is that equivalent to? ◦ How much could we be savings in terms of CO2 emissions? ◦ How much money would we save over the 10-year period? SUM OUR SAVINGS M.Hernandez TCM 2010

11  CO2 Emissions: Keeling curve – data analysis  Using re-expression to find models for renewable energy production data M.Hernandez TCM 2010

12 CO2 Emissions M.Hernandez TCM 2010

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14  Dr. Everett I. Baucom: Deputy Director of NSF Science and Technology CERSP, UNC  National Renewable Energy Lab Basics of Renewable Energy - Videos  Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Data Book  Mauna Loa Data Set for Keeling Curve  Hot, Flat, and Crowded by Thomas Friedman  Our Choice: A Plan to Solve the Climate Crisis by Al Gore M.Hernandez TCM 2010

15  Educators Fellowship Program-Einstein Distinguished Educator Fellowship Program  US DOE ACTS Academies Creating Teacher Scientists M.Hernandez TCM 2010

16 “The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (the ‘Energy Bill’), signed by the President on December 18, 2007 requires all light bulbs use 30% less energy than today’s incandescent bulbs by 2012 to The phase-out will start with 100-watt bulbs in January 2012 and end with 40-watt bulbs in January By 2020, a Tier 2 would become effective which requires all bulbs to be at least 70% more efficient (effectively equal to today’s CFLs).” Possible extension: Explore how much energy we can save by switching to LED lighting.


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