# Scaffolded Inquiry with Science Notebooks Vermont Science Teachers Association March 31, 2010.

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Scaffolded Inquiry with Science Notebooks Vermont Science Teachers Association March 31, 2010

Strengthening Lesson Planning

Achieved Curriculum Intended Curriculum Implemented Curriculum Scaffolding Guided Inquiry Not Aligned Intended Curriculum Implemented Curriculum Achieved Curriculum Aligned Based on Marzano (2001)

Magnetism and Electricity Lighting the Bulb + -

Intended Curriculum Big Idea Lesson Content Goals and Guiding Questions Standard being addressed

Intended Curriculum Magnetism and electricity are part of a single force. BIG IDEA

GUIDING QUESTIONS 1) Using a wire, a battery and a bulb, what does it require to light the bulb? What is the role of the battery, the bulb and the wire? 1) It requires a complete loop (circuit from one end of an energy source (battery) through an energy receiver (bulb) and return to the other end of the battery to light the bulb. The wire (energy conductor) is the pathway for the energy to flow between the energy source and the energy receiver. 2) A closed circuit is a complete loop that allows electricity to flow; an open circuit does not make a complete loop and the electricity will not flow. 2) What are the differences between an open and closed circuit? LESSON CONTENT GOALS

Kit Inventory 1.What color is this? 2.What can this be used for? 3.Where have you seen this before?

Working Word Walls and Charts Comprehensible input Scientific vocabulary Kit vocabulary Facilitates notebook entries

Word Wall

IMPLEMENTED CURRICULUM Engaging scenario Focus Question Prediction Data Claims and Evidence Conclusion Reflection Engaging scenario Focus Question Prediction Data Claims and Evidence Conclusion Reflection

Engaging Scenario You and your friends are at Disneyland. You decide to go on the Haunted Mansion ride. You get on the ride. The ride starts. Then all of a sudden the ride stops and everything goes pitch black except for the screams and howls inside the Haunted Mansion. Then a voice comes on the speaker. “Ladies and gentlemen, boys and girls this is the ride technician at Disneyland. I have some good news and bad news for you.”

“The good news is that power will be restored. The bad news is that it may not be until tomorrow and you will spend the night in the dark in the Haunted Mansion. There is a way to get out before tomorrow. If you reach into the front of your car you will find a ziplock bag. Inside the bag are a a wire, a battery and a bulb. There is a way to assemble them to make a light to find your way out before tomorrow morning.”

Engaging Scenario The good news is you find some objects in your ziplock bag that may help you. A small bulb Wire A battery

You and your friends have a problem. What is the problem here? You and your friends have a problem. What is the problem here? ?

Focus Question Criteria Is a simple question directly related to the scenario that can be investigated with results that can be communicated. Cannot be answered “yes” or “no”.

FOCUS QUESTION With your group discuss a focus question related to the problem presented in the engaging scenario. Record it in your notebook. Be prepared to share with the class. You may wish to use the following sentence starter to help you: How can we …. ? With your group discuss a focus question related to the problem presented in the engaging scenario. Record it in your notebook. Be prepared to share with the class. You may wish to use the following sentence starter to help you: How can we …. ? 1 ST NOTEBOOK ENTRY

Focus Question(s) How can we light the bulb using a battery, wire and bulb?

Prediction Write a prediction describing what you think will happen - an answer to the focus question. Conditional statements If ………. then …….. will happen because….. or I think ……. will happen because …… 2ND NOTEBOOK ENTRY

Task Diagram at least two ways to light the bulb Diagram at least two ways the bulb did not light Accurately label your diagrams.

Things to consider How are you going to organize your diagrams? (data) Data Organizer ?

DATA Organizing and planning Before you begin solving the problem, How will you organize your data? Discuss with your group the design of the chart and record it in the notebook. You may not start testing your prediction until your chart is ready. Before you begin solving the problem, How will you organize your data? Discuss with your group the design of the chart and record it in the notebook. You may not start testing your prediction until your chart is ready. 3rd NOTEBOOK ENTRY

Symbols to Use in Your Diagrams Light BulbWire + - Battery l

Making Meaning Conference Planned discussion that uses an organizer to make thinking visible.

Making Meaning Conference What patterns can we see from our data? What about the outliers? What claims can we make? What evidence do we have to support our claims? An oral rehearsal for writing

Making Meaning Conference Discussion Points – Guiding Questions. 1.Using a wire, a battery and a bulb, what does it require to light the bulb? What is the role of the battery, the bulb, and the wire? (What were you going to observe or measure) 2.What are the differences between a closed (a circuit that lights the bulb) and an open (a circuit that does not light the bulb) circuit? What is your evidence?

Examining Your Data Look at your diagrams showing when the bulb did not light –Where did the wire touch the bulb? –Where did the bulb touch the battery?

Examining Your Data What claims can you make about the ways the bulb did not light? What was your evidence? I claim the bulb did not light because ……….

Examining Your Data Look at your diagrams showing when the bulb lit –Where did the wire touch the bulb? –Where did the bulb touch the battery?

Pathway Through the Bulb

FILAMENT GLASS BEAD SIDE TERMINAL BASE TERMINAL

Examining Your Data These places are called critical contact points Be sure to label the critical contact points on your diagrams

Examining Your Data What claims can you make about the ways the bulb lit? What was your evidence? I claim the bulb lit because ………….

Why does the evidence support your claim? CLAIMS, EVIDENCE, REASONING

Claims and evidence

CONCLUSION Look at your prediction again. How did the evidence support your prediction? Do you wish to affirm or revise your prediction? Why? My prediction was accurate because….. I wish to revise my prediction because…

CONCLUSION Write a concluding sentence using one of the stems: “Today I learned ….” or “In conclusion, ….”

REFLECTION What if …? What really surprised me about this investigation was … ? A new question I have now is… ? I want to know more about... ? I am confused about … ? Think about the investigation we just completed. Use one of the stems below to write a reflection regarding the investigation.

GUIDING QUESTIONS 1) Using a wire, a battery and a bulb, what does it require to light the bulb? What is the role of the battery, the bulb and the wire? 1) It requires a complete loop (circuit from one end of an energy source (battery) through an energy receiver (bulb) and return to the other end of the battery to light the bulb. The wire (energy conductor) is the pathway for the energy to flow between the energy source and the energy receiver. 2)A closed circuit is a complete loop that allows electricity to flow; an open circuit does not make a complete loop and the electricity will not flow. 2) What are the differences between an open and closed circuit? LESSON CONTENT GOALS

Achieved Curriculum How do we know if the intended curriculum is met if effective feedback is not in place?

Feedback “Issues, Evidence, and You.” For example: What evidence do you have in your data to support your claims? What claims can you make from your evidence? What is another explanation for what happened?

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