2What type of person are you? Type 1: Hear a name and remember it? Remember a sermon without an outline? Would rather give a 10 minute speech than write a 10 page paper?Type 2: Need to see someone’s name on a nametag to remember their name? Can picture your notes on the page in your notebook? Would you rather write a paper than give a speech? Do you use “To Do” list and check off items as you go?Type 3: Do you feel you learn more with school labs and fieldtrips than in the classroom? Would you rather create a collage or display board as opposed to a paper or speech?
3Learning Styles Type 1: Auditory Learner Type 2: Visual Learner Type 3: Kinesthetic LearnerWhat does that mean???
4Learning Styles - EARSAuditory learners receive information best by hearing and give answers best verbally.Positives:Excellent in class discussionsEnjoy talking in generalRemember information from lectures and discussionsThink and talk simultaneouslyAuditory learning is a learning style in which a person learns through listening. They may struggle to understand a chapter they've read, but then experience a full understanding as they listen to the class lecture. An auditory learner may benefit by using the speech recognition tool available on many PCs.Auditory learners may have a knack for ascertaining the true meaning of someone's words by listening to audible signals like changes in tone. When memorizing a phone number, an auditory learner will say it out loud and then remember how it sounded to recall it.Auditory Learners are good at writing responses to lectures they’ve heard. They’re also good at oral exams, effectively by listening to information delivered orally, in lectures, speeches, and oral sessions. Auditory learners make up about 20% of the population.It is believed that when an auditory/verbal learner reads, it is almost impossible for the learner to comprehend anything without sound in the background. In these situations, listening to music or having different sounds in the background (TV, people talking, etc) will help learners work better.Auditory learning can also be considered a different style of learning. Some people are visual learners, some kinesthetic learners, some tactile learners, and some are auditory learners. This is explained as a person who depends on hearing and speaking as a main way of learning. Auditory learners must be able to hear what is being said in order to understand and may have difficulty with instructions that are written. They also use their listening and repeating skills to sort through the information that is sent to them.Auditory learners are good at storytelling. They solve problems by talking them through. Speech patterns include phrases “I hear you; That clicks; It's ringing a bell”, and other sound or voice-oriented information. These learners will move their lips or talk to themselves to help accomplish tasks.
5Learning Styles - EARS Negatives: Speak without thinking first Easily interested by neighbors, noiseCan be overwhelmed by large reading and writing assignments.Tend to skip instructions on tests, miss details in multiple choice questionsTend to “read aloud” (subvocalize) in order to process information through earsIn the article Learning Style Awareness by Annette Vincent and Dianne Ross they explain techniques that auditory learners can use to gain information more effectively. They state, “Advice to auditory learners should include:Make tapes of class notes and then listen to them.Remember details by trying to "hear" previous discussions.Participate in class discussions.Ask questions and volunteer in class.Read assignments out loud.Whisper new information when aloneMake a song of the information you need to learn
6Learning Styles – EYESVisual learners take in information by seeing it, reading it, and usually give answers best by writing.Positive: school is made for you!!Read the words on the boardWrite in your plannerRead the chapterWrite an essayFill in the circle, make no stray marks!!Do not interrupt or talk to your neighbor in class.
7Learning Styles - EYES Negatives: Miss verbal directions or assignmentsLose track of classroom discussionDistracted by loud, noisy environmentsBecome bored during lecturesScore low on “listening skills” section of testsMore difficulty learning a foreign language
8Learning Styles - Kinesthetic Kinesthetic learners take in material best when touch, texture, and movement is presented. They give answers best when a variety of modes are allowed such as art, design, presentation, discussion, and acting.Positives:Creative, global thinking, ‘out of the box’ solutions to problems.Kinesthetic learning is when someone learns things from doing or being part of them. They make up about 15% of the population and they struggle to learn by reading or listening. Many people mistake themselves for kinesthetic/tactile learners because they have not used the full variety of learning options, which means they cannot find the right learning state for them. When revising it helps for the student to move around as this increases the students understanding with learners generally getting better marks in exams when they use that style. The kinesthetic learner usually does well in things such as chemistry experiments, sporting activities, art and acting. They also may listen to music while learning or studying. It is common for kinesthetic learners to focus on two different things at the same time. They will remember things by going back in their minds to what their body was doing. They also have very high hand-eye coordination and very quick receptors. They use phrases such as "I can see myself doing that" and "It's starting to come alive".
9Learning Styles - Kinesthetic Negatives:One-style, visual or auditory, can be missedToo many details can cause “brain-freeze”Tend to be moving, active, fidgety in classTend to have reading difficulties, dyslexiaTend to feel “dumb” for missing details despite having great creativity and often high intelligence.Require more teaching modalities for successSUGGESTIONS FOR TACTILE-KINESTHETIC LEARNERSCreate a modelDemonstrate a principlePractice a techniqueParticipate in simulationsEngage in hands-on activitiesStudy in comfortable position, not necessarily sitting in a chairPREFERRED TEST STYLES FOR TACTILE-KINESTHETIC LEARNERS Multiple choice, short definitions fill in the blanksWORST TEST TYPE Long essay testsPOSSIBLE CAREER PATHS Dancers, physical education teachers, actors, firefighters, athletes, mimes
14Organizational Skills Brain “dominant side” conceptLeft Brain – logical, orderly, step by stepRight Brain – global, “gestalt”, intuitiveNot “100%” either but tend toward one typeNotice – each side is OK – not right or wrong
15Organizational Skills Left Brain TypeTends to approach material step by stepSeeks to place things in linear orderEnjoys “to do” lists, checking off one after another.Likes math, science, law, visual orderNaturally “more organized” than othersLess comfortable with interpretive art, poetic reading, mood and symbolism
16Organizational Skills Right Brain TypeApproaches material more randomlyPlaces things in spatial, 3D viewLikes a flexible, changing “to do” formatEnjoys, language, art, literature, historyTends to appear “disorganized”Less comfortable with linear to do lists, math, “showing all the steps” in homework.
17Organizational Skills Problem: A Mismatch of skills and tasks!School success requires the Left Brain student to interpret and think abstractly in literature, history, philosophy, and art despite feeling bored by “vague” discussions.School success requires the Right Brain student to arrange papers in an orderly, consistent way, to write down “to do” items, to show all the steps in a math problem, and to maintain focus on details every day.
18Organizational Skills Solution:Recognize the ChallengeCustomize the organizational skills to the type of student.Encourage the Left Brain type to “think outside the box” – puzzles, art, practiceEncourage the Right Brain type to learn the skills needed to be detail-oriented.
19Organizational Skills - What Three main ways to keep papers:Traditional binder, with 3 hole punch, tabbed dividers, lined paper, pockets for handouts.Accordion File, with labeled tabs for subjects, and spiral-bound notebooks for taking notes in class.Folders for each subject with paper for notes, pockets for handouts, assignments.
20Organizational Skills - What Traditional binder, with 3 hole punch, tabbed dividers, lined paper, pockets for handoutsPositive: Holds all subjects, (can have separate binders for classes also), one thing to carry to each classNegative: Many students are in such a hurry that they don’t take the time to put papers in the proper places. Requires thinning, filing.
21Organizational Skills - What The PLANNER – Assignment BookWhenWas it assigned?Is it due?Will I work on this?Will I get each step done?
22Organizational Skills - Where A Place to StudyQuietConsistent – not the kitchen tableBlah surroundings – not visually distractingSupplies available – dictionary, tools, paper, water bottle, timer, calendarFile box or drawer with labeled folders
23Time Management Analyze current daily schedule & activities Wake up, get ready for school, leave houseEnd of school, getting homeActivities, meetings, choresSleep time
24Time Management How much time is LEFT OVER for homework? What is your best time of day to study?Make a scheduleUse a timerTake short breaks (time them also!)Reward yourself for finishing tasks
25Time Management To Do Lists Linear Left Brain type Traditional “to do” list, check off in orderPrioritize the tasks – easy, medium, difficult or favorite, OK, least favorite.Start off with a medium, take a break, get going on the harder tasks, finish, then do easy tasks.
26Time Management Global, Right-Brain Type Write assignments or subjects on sticky notesArrange sticky notes on a clipboardEstimate time required for each taskRe-arrange placement of sticky notes by preference, ease, or time requiredRemove the sticky note when task completedTake brief, timed breaks, using timer
27Time Management Getting Homework DONE Be REALISTIC about how long things takeDIVIDE large tasks into smaller ones with shorter time frames, “personal” due datesSTART a task, write down your ideas, begin the reading = ANYTHING to get started.Now that you have started, plan out how to finish on time.
28Time Management Drinking from the Fire Hydrant When there isn’t enough time to do it allLearn to Get the Big PictureDo the most important, costly work firstSkim and review the main ideasDo something for each subject daily, even if there is no assignment that day.
29Study Skills - ReadingThe word “Reading” represents several types of skillsRecognizing letters and wordsProcessing the symbols for meaningConnecting new information to oldCreating a mental picture of what is writtenProcessing ideas and concepts as one readsReading ACTIVELY - “critically” for meaning
30Study Skills - Reading What is ACTIVE reading? NOT like reading the cereal boxMORE like hunting for a certain phone number in the phone bookEVEN MORE like re-reading a romantic note from a friendACTIVE reading calls for purpose, an alert mind, a sense of searching, and a belief that there is something to be gained by reading.
31Study Skills - Reading Purpose Alert Mind Sense of searching Go after each text with a purposeAlert MindAwake, sitting up, leaning forwardSense of searchingSearch hard for information and meaningBelief that you will find somethingExpect to learn something new and find it
32Study Skills – Read the Chapter When the teacher says, “Read chapter 5 for tomorrow”, you should hear:Review all the chapter headingsReview the sub-headingsLook at the pictures, read the captionsStudy the diagrams, maps, tablesWrite down the new vocabularyThen, read the text!
33Study Skills – Read the Chapter Why go to so much trouble?You will get the overview and have places to file the details when you come to them.You will have reviewed the main ideas at least four timesYou will be more ready for a quiz than if you started the first page, got sleepy on the second page, and never finished the chapter.
34Study Skills - MathMathematics, algebra, geometry – these subjects build step by step on previous concepts.If the current math material is very difficult, it may be that previous concepts or memorized facts are missingSuccess in math depends on attention to details, showing all work, and keeping up with daily assignments.
35Study Skills - Math Help for the “Right-Brain” math student Tell your instructor you may need extra helpFind or ask for ways to learn math concepts with hands-on tools.Use enough space on your papers to show all your work easily, without having to cramp your handwriting.Show every step of a problem, even if it seems “silly” to do so.
36Study Skills – Vocabulary Vocabulary is easier with words in contextThe text puts words into sentences alreadyMemorize the whole sentence if necessaryMake up odd associations with new wordsSounds like, reminds you of, looks like
37Study Skills- Test Preparation DON’T ONLY STUDY THE NIGHT BEFORE*Review as you goSave quizzes and homeworkDon’t study what you already know wellMake up study cards for difficult areas***Of course, review some details, but it is really too late to learn new material. Relax, sleep enough, eat a healthy breakfast.
38Study Skills – Test Taking Eat enough protein for breakfastKeep up with water – ½ ounce per pound per dayGet enough sleepLearn how to calm yourself with prayer, slow, deep breaths, memorized Bible verses.Bring extra pens and pencilsExpect to think clearly – you have prepared wellKeep track of time as you work through the test.
39Study Skills Seminar Goals Identify main learning stylesReview organizational skillsHighlight Time Management basicsTarget specific study skills forReading,Chapter review in any subject area,math,Tests: preparing and taking with success
40Study Skills Resources Your teachersGuidance counselorYour parentsBooks – see bibliographyWebsites – see listYour rights – U.S. Gov Americans with Disabilities Act, section 504