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Study Skills Seminar.

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Presentation on theme: "Study Skills Seminar."— Presentation transcript:

1 Study Skills Seminar

2 What type of person are you?
Type 1: Hear a name and remember it? Remember a sermon without an outline? Would rather give a 10 minute speech than write a 10 page paper? Type 2: Need to see someone’s name on a nametag to remember their name? Can picture your notes on the page in your notebook? Would you rather write a paper than give a speech? Do you use “To Do” list and check off items as you go? Type 3: Do you feel you learn more with school labs and fieldtrips than in the classroom? Would you rather create a collage or display board as opposed to a paper or speech?

3 Learning Styles Type 1: Auditory Learner Type 2: Visual Learner
Type 3: Kinesthetic Learner What does that mean???

4 Learning Styles - EARS Auditory learners receive information best by hearing and give answers best verbally. Positives: Excellent in class discussions Enjoy talking in general Remember information from lectures and discussions Think and talk simultaneously Auditory learning is a learning style in which a person learns through listening. They may struggle to understand a chapter they've read, but then experience a full understanding as they listen to the class lecture. An auditory learner may benefit by using the speech recognition tool available on many PCs. Auditory learners may have a knack for ascertaining the true meaning of someone's words by listening to audible signals like changes in tone. When memorizing a phone number, an auditory learner will say it out loud and then remember how it sounded to recall it. Auditory Learners are good at writing responses to lectures they’ve heard. They’re also good at oral exams, effectively by listening to information delivered orally, in lectures, speeches, and oral sessions. Auditory learners make up about 20% of the population.[1] It is believed that when an auditory/verbal learner reads, it is almost impossible for the learner to comprehend anything without sound in the background. In these situations, listening to music or having different sounds in the background (TV, people talking, etc) will help learners work better. Auditory learning can also be considered a different style of learning. Some people are visual learners, some kinesthetic learners, some tactile learners, and some are auditory learners. This is explained as a person who depends on hearing and speaking as a main way of learning.[2] Auditory learners must be able to hear what is being said in order to understand and may have difficulty with instructions that are written. They also use their listening and repeating skills to sort through the information that is sent to them.[3] Auditory learners are good at storytelling. They solve problems by talking them through. Speech patterns include phrases “I hear you; That clicks; It's ringing a bell”, and other sound or voice-oriented information. These learners will move their lips or talk to themselves to help accomplish tasks.[2]

5 Learning Styles - EARS Negatives: Speak without thinking first
Easily interested by neighbors, noise Can be overwhelmed by large reading and writing assignments. Tend to skip instructions on tests, miss details in multiple choice questions Tend to “read aloud” (subvocalize) in order to process information through ears In the article Learning Style Awareness by Annette Vincent and Dianne Ross they explain techniques that auditory learners can use to gain information more effectively. They state, “Advice to auditory learners should include: Make tapes of class notes and then listen to them. Remember details by trying to "hear" previous discussions. Participate in class discussions. Ask questions and volunteer in class. Read assignments out loud. Whisper new information when alone Make a song of the information you need to learn

6 Learning Styles – EYES Visual learners take in information by seeing it, reading it, and usually give answers best by writing. Positive: school is made for you!! Read the words on the board Write in your planner Read the chapter Write an essay Fill in the circle, make no stray marks!! Do not interrupt or talk to your neighbor in class.

7 Learning Styles - EYES Negatives:
Miss verbal directions or assignments Lose track of classroom discussion Distracted by loud, noisy environments Become bored during lectures Score low on “listening skills” section of tests More difficulty learning a foreign language

8 Learning Styles - Kinesthetic
Kinesthetic learners take in material best when touch, texture, and movement is presented. They give answers best when a variety of modes are allowed such as art, design, presentation, discussion, and acting. Positives: Creative, global thinking, ‘out of the box’ solutions to problems. Kinesthetic learning is when someone learns things from doing or being part of them. They make up about 15% of the population and they struggle to learn by reading or listening. Many people mistake themselves for kinesthetic/tactile learners because they have not used the full variety of learning options, which means they cannot find the right learning state for them. When revising it helps for the student to move around as this increases the students understanding with learners generally getting better marks in exams when they use that style. The kinesthetic learner usually does well in things such as chemistry experiments, sporting activities, art and acting. They also may listen to music while learning or studying. It is common for kinesthetic learners to focus on two different things at the same time. They will remember things by going back in their minds to what their body was doing. They also have very high hand-eye coordination and very quick receptors. They use phrases such as "I can see myself doing that" and "It's starting to come alive".

9 Learning Styles - Kinesthetic
Negatives: One-style, visual or auditory, can be missed Too many details can cause “brain-freeze” Tend to be moving, active, fidgety in class Tend to have reading difficulties, dyslexia Tend to feel “dumb” for missing details despite having great creativity and often high intelligence. Require more teaching modalities for success SUGGESTIONS FOR TACTILE-KINESTHETIC LEARNERS Create a model Demonstrate a principle Practice a technique Participate in simulations Engage in hands-on activities Study in comfortable position, not necessarily sitting in a chair PREFERRED TEST STYLES FOR TACTILE-KINESTHETIC LEARNERS Multiple choice, short definitions fill in the blanks WORST TEST TYPE Long essay tests POSSIBLE CAREER PATHS Dancers, physical education teachers, actors, firefighters, athletes, mimes




13 Organizational Skills

14 Organizational Skills
Brain “dominant side” concept Left Brain – logical, orderly, step by step Right Brain – global, “gestalt”, intuitive Not “100%” either but tend toward one type Notice – each side is OK – not right or wrong

15 Organizational Skills
Left Brain Type Tends to approach material step by step Seeks to place things in linear order Enjoys “to do” lists, checking off one after another. Likes math, science, law, visual order Naturally “more organized” than others Less comfortable with interpretive art, poetic reading, mood and symbolism

16 Organizational Skills
Right Brain Type Approaches material more randomly Places things in spatial, 3D view Likes a flexible, changing “to do” format Enjoys, language, art, literature, history Tends to appear “disorganized” Less comfortable with linear to do lists, math, “showing all the steps” in homework.

17 Organizational Skills
Problem: A Mismatch of skills and tasks! School success requires the Left Brain student to interpret and think abstractly in literature, history, philosophy, and art despite feeling bored by “vague” discussions. School success requires the Right Brain student to arrange papers in an orderly, consistent way, to write down “to do” items, to show all the steps in a math problem, and to maintain focus on details every day.

18 Organizational Skills
Solution: Recognize the Challenge Customize the organizational skills to the type of student. Encourage the Left Brain type to “think outside the box” – puzzles, art, practice Encourage the Right Brain type to learn the skills needed to be detail-oriented.

19 Organizational Skills - What
Three main ways to keep papers: Traditional binder, with 3 hole punch, tabbed dividers, lined paper, pockets for handouts. Accordion File, with labeled tabs for subjects, and spiral-bound notebooks for taking notes in class. Folders for each subject with paper for notes, pockets for handouts, assignments.

20 Organizational Skills - What
Traditional binder, with 3 hole punch, tabbed dividers, lined paper, pockets for handouts Positive: Holds all subjects, (can have separate binders for classes also), one thing to carry to each class Negative: Many students are in such a hurry that they don’t take the time to put papers in the proper places. Requires thinning, filing.

21 Organizational Skills - What
The PLANNER – Assignment Book When Was it assigned? Is it due? Will I work on this? Will I get each step done?

22 Organizational Skills - Where
A Place to Study Quiet Consistent – not the kitchen table Blah surroundings – not visually distracting Supplies available – dictionary, tools, paper, water bottle, timer, calendar File box or drawer with labeled folders

23 Time Management Analyze current daily schedule & activities
Wake up, get ready for school, leave house End of school, getting home Activities, meetings, chores Sleep time

24 Time Management How much time is LEFT OVER for homework?
What is your best time of day to study? Make a schedule Use a timer Take short breaks (time them also!) Reward yourself for finishing tasks

25 Time Management To Do Lists Linear Left Brain type
Traditional “to do” list, check off in order Prioritize the tasks – easy, medium, difficult or favorite, OK, least favorite. Start off with a medium, take a break, get going on the harder tasks, finish, then do easy tasks.

26 Time Management Global, Right-Brain Type
Write assignments or subjects on sticky notes Arrange sticky notes on a clipboard Estimate time required for each task Re-arrange placement of sticky notes by preference, ease, or time required Remove the sticky note when task completed Take brief, timed breaks, using timer

27 Time Management Getting Homework DONE
Be REALISTIC about how long things take DIVIDE large tasks into smaller ones with shorter time frames, “personal” due dates START a task, write down your ideas, begin the reading = ANYTHING to get started. Now that you have started, plan out how to finish on time.

28 Time Management Drinking from the Fire Hydrant
When there isn’t enough time to do it all Learn to Get the Big Picture Do the most important, costly work first Skim and review the main ideas Do something for each subject daily, even if there is no assignment that day.

29 Study Skills - Reading The word “Reading” represents several types of skills Recognizing letters and words Processing the symbols for meaning Connecting new information to old Creating a mental picture of what is written Processing ideas and concepts as one reads Reading ACTIVELY - “critically” for meaning

30 Study Skills - Reading What is ACTIVE reading?
NOT like reading the cereal box MORE like hunting for a certain phone number in the phone book EVEN MORE like re-reading a romantic note from a friend ACTIVE reading calls for purpose, an alert mind, a sense of searching, and a belief that there is something to be gained by reading.

31 Study Skills - Reading Purpose Alert Mind Sense of searching
Go after each text with a purpose Alert Mind Awake, sitting up, leaning forward Sense of searching Search hard for information and meaning Belief that you will find something Expect to learn something new and find it

32 Study Skills – Read the Chapter
When the teacher says, “Read chapter 5 for tomorrow”, you should hear: Review all the chapter headings Review the sub-headings Look at the pictures, read the captions Study the diagrams, maps, tables Write down the new vocabulary Then, read the text!

33 Study Skills – Read the Chapter
Why go to so much trouble? You will get the overview and have places to file the details when you come to them. You will have reviewed the main ideas at least four times You will be more ready for a quiz than if you started the first page, got sleepy on the second page, and never finished the chapter.

34 Study Skills - Math Mathematics, algebra, geometry – these subjects build step by step on previous concepts. If the current math material is very difficult, it may be that previous concepts or memorized facts are missing Success in math depends on attention to details, showing all work, and keeping up with daily assignments.

35 Study Skills - Math Help for the “Right-Brain” math student
Tell your instructor you may need extra help Find or ask for ways to learn math concepts with hands-on tools. Use enough space on your papers to show all your work easily, without having to cramp your handwriting. Show every step of a problem, even if it seems “silly” to do so.

36 Study Skills – Vocabulary
Vocabulary is easier with words in context The text puts words into sentences already Memorize the whole sentence if necessary Make up odd associations with new words Sounds like, reminds you of, looks like

37 Study Skills- Test Preparation
DON’T ONLY STUDY THE NIGHT BEFORE* Review as you go Save quizzes and homework Don’t study what you already know well Make up study cards for difficult areas ***Of course, review some details, but it is really too late to learn new material. Relax, sleep enough, eat a healthy breakfast.

38 Study Skills – Test Taking
Eat enough protein for breakfast Keep up with water – ½ ounce per pound per day Get enough sleep Learn how to calm yourself with prayer, slow, deep breaths, memorized Bible verses. Bring extra pens and pencils Expect to think clearly – you have prepared well Keep track of time as you work through the test.

39 Study Skills Seminar Goals
Identify main learning styles Review organizational skills Highlight Time Management basics Target specific study skills for Reading, Chapter review in any subject area, math, Tests: preparing and taking with success

40 Study Skills Resources
Your teachers Guidance counselor Your parents Books – see bibliography Websites – see list Your rights – U.S. Gov Americans with Disabilities Act, section 504

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